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Problem based learning

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This is Problem-based learning by Jairo Flórez

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Problem based learning

1. 1. SOMETIMESOUR STUDENTS FEEL BOREDIT IS NOT THEIR FAULTMOST OF WHAT THEY LEARNSEEMS TO BE GONE BY THE END OF THE EXAM!! IT IS NOT THEIR FAULTMAYBEIS IT WHAT WE TEACH THEM?ORIS IT THE WAY WE TEACH IT?WHAT IS CAUSING STUDENTSFEEL NOT-INVOLVED BY THE CLASSWHAT IF WE DO SOMETHINGABOUT IT
2. 2. WHAT IF OUR STUDENTS USECRITICAL THINKINGDISCUSSRESEARCHFOR LEARNINGALSOPROMOTINGTO THINK OUTSIDE THE BOXBRAINSTORMINGPROBLEM SOLVING SKILLSTEAMWORKAMONG OTHER SKILLSRELEVANT TO SOLVEREAL PROBLEMS IN LIFEINTRODUCINGProblem Based LearningProblem Based Learning
3. 3. Step 1 create a problem • Find a real life situation • Multiple solutions • Organize students in to teams • Must raise students interest
4. 4. Step 2 problem analysis • Students list known facts • Lists unknown facts • Research unknowns
5. 5. Step 3 test theories • Students must model the situations to test their theories • Students generate possible solutions
6. 6. Step 4 presenting • Students select the solution that fits best • Students present their solutions and methods
7. 7. Types of problem • Well structured • Ill structured problem
8. 8. Well-structured problem – Easy to define – All information provided – A single answer – Lack of motivation – Not like a real life problem – More like the train A and the train B kind of a problem
9. 9. Thinking frame – Read the problem – Record important information – Use pictures and diagrams if need – Decide on the pictures – Solve – Check your answer THE PROBLEM WITH THIS PROBLEM IS THAT DOES NOT MATCH REAL LIFE
10. 10. ILL-structured problem – Like real life – Not all information provided – Must be often redefined – Many solutions – Must be define and re-defined often
11. 11. Teaching is problem solving • How can I teach this skill or concept? • How can I make this more interesting or student-centered? • How can I best assess learning? • How can I incorporate this new strategy into my classroom? • How can I create a solution where students want to learn
12. 12. Real problems in curriculum • Social studies • Science • Math • Language & arts • Health • Physical education the
13. 13. PBL Subject Based Learning Vs Identify what we need to know Problem posed Learn it START Apply it Give a problem to illustrate how to use it Told what we need to learn Learn it START
14. 14. Redefining problems • how can we get tough on criminals and reduce crime? • What types of personal grow and empowerment programs, as well as education, employment and economic opportunities can we develop so people are less inclined to commit crime?
15. 15. Redefining problems • How can I get students in my class to be quiet and behave? • How can I do to create a curriculum that is interesting and relevant so students will want to be engaged and participate?
16. 16. Examples Ill-structured • How can we become less independent on foreign oil? • How can we create cheaper energy sources? of• How can we create less expensive and more- green cars? • How can we stop global warming?
17. 17. PBL • Hands on and students centered • Promotes teamwork • Promotes individualization • Motivates students to learn • Works on real life problems
18. 18. Problem solving strategies • Algorithm – Specific steps to come up with one correct answer • Heuristic – General problem solving strategy – There are two types – Create Problem Solving (CPS) – Means End Analysis
19. 19. CPS thinking frame • Define problem • Generate as many solutions as possible • Choose a solution that seems the best • Elaborate and refine • Implement the solution • Review, evaluate and refine as necessary
20. 20. MEA thinking frame • Describe the current state • Describe the desired state • Generate a list of necessary steps to do
21. 21. Brainstorming • All ideas must be accepted • The goal is quantity • Freewheeling is celebrated
22. 22. Decision making • Evaluate decisions • Take into account all factors
23. 23. Inspired on Dr. Andrew • Minnesota state university, Mankato • johnson@mnsu.edu Check http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=58NH8q8Gv14&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z7kizmJANu8&feature=related
24. 24. Dear colleagues • Questions? • Thanks a lot for your time