Church and politics


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Church and politics

  1. 1. By Fr. Adrian Yeo
  2. 2.  Gives the government the power to restrain any priest, monk, pastor, imam, elder, office- bearer or any other person who is in a position of authority in any religious group or institution or any member thereof for the purposes specified from carrying out political activities, exciting disaffection against the government, creating ill will between religious groups, or carrying out subversive activities under the guise of propagating or practicing any religious belief.
  3. 3.  Article 14 (1) • (a) every citizen of Singapore has the right to freedom of speech and expression;   • (b) all citizens of Singapore have the right to assemble peaceably and without arms; and • (c) all citizens of Singapore have the right to form associations.
  4. 4.  43. Laymen should also know that it is generally the function of their well-formed Christian conscience to see that the divine law is inscribed in the life of the earthly city; from priests they may look for spiritual light and nourishment. Let the layman not imagine that his pastors are always such experts, that to every problem which arises, however complicated, they can readily give him a concrete solution, or even that such is their mission. Rather, enlightened by Christian wisdom and giving close attention to the teaching authority of the Church, let the layman take on his own distinctive role.
  5. 5.  Citizens have the right, by virtue of their dignity as persons, to take an active part in government, although the manner in which they share in it will depend on the level of development of the political community…  …we deem it opportune to remind our children of their duty to take an active part in public life and to contribute towards the attainment of the common good of the entire human family and of their own country…
  6. 6.  The common good does not consist in the simple sum of the particular goods of each subject of a social entity. Belonging to everyone and to each person, it is and remains “common”, because it is indivisible and because only together is it possible to attain it, increase it and safeguard its effectiveness, with regard also to the future. Just as the moral actions of an individual are accomplished in doing what is good, so too the actions of a society attain their full stature when they bring about the common good.The common good, in fact, can be understood as the social and community dimension of the moral good.
  7. 7.  There are 3 essential elements in Common Good. • A respect for the person as such.   • The development of the spiritual and temporal goods of society. • The peace and security of the group and of it members.
  8. 8.  Rights flowing from being creatures. • Everyone should look upon his neighbor, without exception, as another self.  Equality  Differences among men  Solidarity.
  9. 9.  The Church sees in men and women,in every person,the living image of God himself.This image finds, and must always find anew, an ever deeper and fuller unfolding of itself in the mystery of Christ, the Perfect Image of God,the One who reveals God to man and man to himself. It is to these men and women, who have received an incomparable and inalienable dignity from God himself, that the Church speaks, rendering to them the highest and most singular service, constantly reminding them of their lofty vocation so that they may always be mindful of it and worthy of it. Christ, the Son of God,“by his incarnation has united himself in some fashion with every person”; for this reason the Church recognizes as her fundamental duty the task of seeing that this union is continuously brought about and renewed. In Christ the Lord, the Church indicates and strives to be the first to embark upon the path of the human person, and she invites all people to recognize in everyone — near and far, known and unknown, and above all in the poor and the suffering — a brother or sister “for whom Christ died” (1 Cor 8:11; Rom 14:15).
  10. 10.  “God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them” (Gen 1:27).
  11. 11.  83. It is important to consider what the Synod Fathers described as Eucharistic consistency, a quality which our lives are objectively called to embody.Worship pleasing to God can never be a purely private matter, without consequences for our relationships with others: it demands a public witness to our faith. Evidently, this is true for all the baptized, yet it is especially incumbent upon those who, by virtue of their social or political position, must make decisions regarding fundamental values, such as respect for human life, its defense from conception to natural death, the family built upon marriage between a man and a woman, the freedom to educate one’s children and the promotion of the common good in all its forms. . . .
  12. 12.  28.The Church wishes to help form consciences in political life and to stimulate greater insight into the authentic requirements of justice as well as greater readiness to act accordingly, even when this might involve conflict with situations of personal interest. . . .  The Church cannot and must not take upon herself the political battle to bring about the most just society possible. She cannot and must not replace the State.Yet at the same time she cannot and must not remain on the sidelines in the fight for justice
  13. 13.  The Church is principled but not ideological.We cannot compromise basic principles or moral teaching.We are committed to clarity about our moral teaching and to civility. In public life, it is important to practice the virtues of justice and charity that are at the core of our Tradition.We should work with others in a variety of ways to advance our moral principles.
  14. 14.  Focused more on moral principles than on the latest polls  Focused more on the needs of the weak than on benefits for the strong  Focused more on the pursuit of the common good than on the demands of narrow interests