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History of Argentine Tango

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History of Argentine Tango

  1. 1. Professor Adrián Placenti 1
  2. 2. Argentine Tango Osvaldo Pugliese Carlos Gardel Laila y Leandro Astor Piazzolla Enrique "Minotto” ´s Orchestra Cover of an old sheet music 2
  3. 3. Synthesis 186? Origins - Gestation Orígenes - Formación 1895 “Old Guard” Guardia Vieja 1925 “New Guard” Golden Era “Guardia Nueva” Edad de Oro 1950 Vanguard - Avant garde Vanguardia 1965 Plateau period Meceta - Estancamiento 2000 Renaissance New searches Renacimiento Nuevas búsquedas 3
  4. 4. Origins – Gestation (186?-1895) Unclear Origins Habanera – Tango Español Zarzuelas –Sainetes . Popular movement Musical theatre Musicians: Antonio Reynoso, Francisco Payá , Eduardo García Lalanne, 4
  5. 5. Origins – Gestation (186?-1895) Magazine “Caras y Caretas” 1898, Buenos Aires Photo of “El Deber”, Zarzuela Argentina Theater “Victoria” 1910 Bs.As 5
  6. 6. Guardia Vieja (1895-1925) Habanera rhythm Musical Structure in three parts “Cuarteto del Centenario” •Bandoneón •Guitar •Flute •Violin Juan Maglio “Pacho” quartet, 1912 Arolas quartet 1913 6
  7. 7. Guardia Vieja (1895-1925) Municipal Band of Buenos Aires Label of an old tango record Musicians: Juan Maglio “Pacho”, Roberto Firpo and Vicente Greco. 7
  8. 8. Bandoneón Free reed Accordion 8
  9. 9. Nueva Guardia (1925-1950)) Habanera rhythm Old Guard New guard Marcado en 4 La Cumparsita Habanera rhythm Marcado en 4 9
  10. 10. Nueva Guardia (1925-1950) The “Arrastre” (Syncopation) 10
  11. 11. Nueva Guardia (1925-1950) Sexteto Típico of Julio De Caro Orquesta Típica of Osvaldo Pugliese Orquesta Típica of Francisco Canaro Orquesta Típica of Astor Piazzola 11
  12. 12. Nueva Guardia (1925-1950) Tango Canción Carlos Gardel Tango Song began in 1917 Musical structure in 2 parts: verse and chorus Romantic lyrics with a history Carlos Gardel is the most important singer “Mi noche triste” First Tangosong 1917 12
  13. 13. Nueva Guardia (1925-1950) Orchestral music (for dancing) Traditional way Evolutionary way 1. Francisco Canaro 1. Julio De Caro 2. Juan D´Arienzo 2. Anibal Troilo 3. Carlos Di Sarli 3. Osvaldo Pugliese 4. Miguel Caló 4. Horacio Salgán 13
  14. 14. Vanguard (Avant garde) Astor Piazzolla and Gerry Mulligan The Instrumental Music changes its function: Music to hear in a concert (Not music FOR DANCING)  Jazz elements  Technical elements of classical music  New ensembles with different instruments (electric)  New rhythm is incorporated 14
  15. 15. Vanguard (Avant garde) 3+3+2 New Rhytmn Is incorporated 15
  16. 16. Plateau period (1965-2000) “Tango Argentino” Company In New York 1986 Stagnation Poor in new productions Few young musicians playing Tango Advancement of global cultural processes Globalization Tango Shows around the world 16
  17. 17. Renaissance - New searches (1985…) 17
  18. 18. Renaissance - New searches (2000…) 18

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