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LMN Architects Office Post-Occupancy Study

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LMN Architects Office Post-Occupancy Study

  1. 1. Modeling Collaborative Idea Flow in an Open Office
  2. 2. The Modern Office Tower:“Form Follows Function” 1891 Wainwright Building, St. Louis Louis Sullivan •The only“indigenous”American building type •Made possible by the availability of steel framing,allowing height •Eschews ornamentation in favor of modern efficiency,clarity,simplicity •The defining aesthetic of the Modernist architectural movement
  3. 3. 1949 860–880NorthLakeShoreDrive Mies van der Rohe 1886 - 1969 “Less is More” 1958 SeagramBuilding,NewYork
  4. 4. 1891 Wainwright Building 1940s-60s Set of“Mad Men” 1970s-90s Set of“Office Space” 2000s-now Google
  5. 5. “...communications technologies in the form of the Internet and mobile communications technologies are once again changing the shape of business culture,by changing the ways people work and renewed requirements on the workplace.As more people become mobile,meetings and social interaction become more important as time together is growing more limited.This change is placing more dynamic requirements on space to help foster communities and encourage social interaction.” “The Living Skyscraper: Mapping theVertical Neighborhood”
  6. 6. 1959 The Norton Building SOM,inspired by Mies van der Rohe “Seattle’s first glass curtain wall skyscraper”
  7. 7.
  8. 8. Communications Theory Bonding vs.BridgingHigh Context vs.Low Context Engagement vs.Exploration Efficiency vs.Innovation
  9. 9. Project Team: High Context/Efficient/Bonding/Engagement
  10. 10. Community Event: Low Context/Innovative/Bridging/Exploration
  11. 11. Pin-Up/ModelAreas CollaborationTables Conference Rooms Focus Rooms Materials Library
  12. 12. Classifying Interactions Bonding Bridging Primary team Team resource Non-team related Non-work related 4 3 2 1 1 2 3 4
  14. 14. Classifying Interactions: Internal vs.External Bonding Bridging Primary team Team resource Non-team related Non-work related 4 3 2 1 General public Colleagues Collaborators Clients 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 InternalExternal
  15. 15. Classifying Interactions: Physical vs.Digital Inventory of communications technologies used in the office Collaboration/Interaction •Email •Phone (landline & mobile) •MS Office •Adobe CC •3D Modeling Software,e.g.Revit •Bluebeam (drawing markups) •Paper •Social media •Company intranet •Company website Individual Research •Books & magazines •Internet search (Google)
  16. 16. Classifying Interactions: Rankings Virtual (internal) Virtual (external) 4 Bonding (high context) 3.5 Revit 3 MS Office Revit / MS Office / Phone / Bluebeam 2.5 neutral Email,Adobe CC Email / Adobe CC / Company website 2 Phone 1.5 Company intranet Social media 1 Bridging (low context) Social media Face to Face (internal) Face to Face (external) 4 Bonding (high context) 3.5 Collab tables,Model/Pinup Collab tables, Model/Pinup, Focus rooms, Circulation/Lobby 3 Focus rooms,Materials lib,Shop Materials lib, Conference rooms, Desk 2.5 neutral Conference rooms,Desk,Restaurants,Others Desks,Kitchen Restaurants, Flex space/Library 2 1.5 Circulation/Lobby,Flex space/Library 1 Bridging (low context) 0 no interactions phone rooms shop,others desks, kitchen, phone room Face to Face + Virtual (internal) Face to Face + Virtual (external) 4 Bonding (high context) 3.5 collab tables,model/pinup areas collab tables, model/pinup, circ/lobby 3 focus rooms,materials lib,shop focus rooms, materials lib, conference room,phone room 2.5 neutral desk,others desks,conference rooms,kitchen,local restaurants desk,local restaurants, flex space/library 2 1.5 circulation/lobby,flex space/library 1 Bridging (low context) 0 no interactions phone rooms shop,other people’s desks, kitchen
  17. 17. Classifying Time: Group vs.Individual Discovering new knowledge Synthesizing existing knowledge Group Solo Bonding Bridging Engagement Exploration
  18. 18. Survey...