SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Chapter 13 religion

This document provides an overview of religion from a sociological perspective. It defines religion and discusses its universal nature and influence. Religion is interwoven with social, economic, and political life. The sociological study of religion focuses on its structure, organization, and role in society. Various religious structures like churches, sects, denominations and cults are described. The functions and dysfunctions of religion for individuals and society are outlined. The document also discusses folk Catholicism, faith healing, occult practices, and the separation of church and state in the Philippines.

1 of 43
Download to read offline
CHAPTER 13-
“RELIGION”
THE NATURE OF RELIGION
RELIGION is a universal and pervasive
phenomenon, a part of the cultural
system, because it is assumed to
meet some basic need of human
being. Religion has persisted and still
exerts a great influence in lives of
people.
Religion is interwoven with the social,
economic, and political life of the people.
It is properly one of the areas of interest
to a sociologist because of its influence
on the individual and its functions in
society. A sociologist’s main concern in
the study if religion is not to establish the
truth or falsity of a certain religion but to
look into it’s structure, organization, and
role and to observe how it affects and
influences an individual or society.
What is Religion?
Religion comes from the Latin word religare,
which means, “to bind together”. In the
religion of preliterate societies, the various
phenomena of nature are associated with a
number of different personalities, and in
many instances, numerous nature deities
are honoured. In other religions, the
supernatural beings is conceived as a spirit,
one and indivisible, and in nature yet
distinct from it.
Religion according to some philosophers:
Durkheim (1961)
Defines religion as a unified system
of beliefs and practices relative to
sacred things, that is to say, things
set apart and forbidden-beliefs and
practices which unite into one single
moral community called a church.
Evans-Pritschard (1965:56)
Religion embodies beliefs or
representations which express the nature
of sacred things as well as rites prescribing
how a person should behave in the
presence of sacred objects.
Nisbet (1973:14)
Avers that the deepest roots of any religion
lies in the experience of the social and
moral community which professes it.

Recommended

Religion
ReligionReligion
ReligionGlory
 
Theories of Religion
Theories of ReligionTheories of Religion
Theories of ReligionBeth Lee
 
Sociology and Religion: Religion as a Social Institution
Sociology and Religion: Religion as a Social InstitutionSociology and Religion: Religion as a Social Institution
Sociology and Religion: Religion as a Social InstitutionRohan Byanjankar
 
Religion and Society
Religion and SocietyReligion and Society
Religion and SocietyMonte Christo
 
Concept of Religion
Concept of ReligionConcept of Religion
Concept of ReligionMiss Ivy
 
Religious institution chp 20
Religious institution  chp 20Religious institution  chp 20
Religious institution chp 20Liaqat Jogi .
 

More Related Content

What's hot

Religious Institute
Religious Institute Religious Institute
Religious Institute Ibrahim Amin
 
Understanding Religion
Understanding ReligionUnderstanding Religion
Understanding Religionppower47
 
Religion and Its Role in Society
Religion and Its Role in SocietyReligion and Its Role in Society
Religion and Its Role in Societyiosrjce
 
Introduction to religion-world religions
Introduction to religion-world religionsIntroduction to religion-world religions
Introduction to religion-world religionsDe La Salle University
 
Religion theories
Religion theoriesReligion theories
Religion theoriesU Nam Sakib
 
RELIGION
RELIGIONRELIGION
RELIGIONzmiers
 
Characteristics of Religion
Characteristics of ReligionCharacteristics of Religion
Characteristics of Religionanthony_morgan
 
201.16 religious institutions
201.16 religious institutions201.16 religious institutions
201.16 religious institutionscjsmann
 
Lecture 06.culture and types
Lecture 06.culture and typesLecture 06.culture and types
Lecture 06.culture and typesDr.Kamran Ishfaq
 
Sociology of Religion
Sociology of ReligionSociology of Religion
Sociology of ReligionSeth Allen
 
Sanskritization by m.n.srinivas
Sanskritization by m.n.srinivasSanskritization by m.n.srinivas
Sanskritization by m.n.srinivasPradeepKumar3508
 
Economic institution
Economic institutionEconomic institution
Economic institutionworkanneship
 

What's hot (20)

Religious Institute
Religious Institute Religious Institute
Religious Institute
 
Religion
ReligionReligion
Religion
 
Taoism
TaoismTaoism
Taoism
 
Understanding Religion
Understanding ReligionUnderstanding Religion
Understanding Religion
 
Religion and Its Role in Society
Religion and Its Role in SocietyReligion and Its Role in Society
Religion and Its Role in Society
 
Introduction to religion-world religions
Introduction to religion-world religionsIntroduction to religion-world religions
Introduction to religion-world religions
 
Secularisation
SecularisationSecularisation
Secularisation
 
Religion theories
Religion theoriesReligion theories
Religion theories
 
RELIGION
RELIGIONRELIGION
RELIGION
 
Functions of religion
Functions of religionFunctions of religion
Functions of religion
 
Taoism
TaoismTaoism
Taoism
 
Characteristics of Religion
Characteristics of ReligionCharacteristics of Religion
Characteristics of Religion
 
201.16 religious institutions
201.16 religious institutions201.16 religious institutions
201.16 religious institutions
 
Social structure
Social structureSocial structure
Social structure
 
Lecture 06.culture and types
Lecture 06.culture and typesLecture 06.culture and types
Lecture 06.culture and types
 
Sociology of Religion
Sociology of ReligionSociology of Religion
Sociology of Religion
 
Religion (Sociology)
Religion (Sociology)Religion (Sociology)
Religion (Sociology)
 
Sanskritization by m.n.srinivas
Sanskritization by m.n.srinivasSanskritization by m.n.srinivas
Sanskritization by m.n.srinivas
 
Economic institution
Economic institutionEconomic institution
Economic institution
 
Development of sociology
Development of sociologyDevelopment of sociology
Development of sociology
 

Viewers also liked

Chapter 13 Government & Law
Chapter 13 Government & LawChapter 13 Government & Law
Chapter 13 Government & LawEdmundo Dantes
 
World Religions PowerPoint
World Religions PowerPointWorld Religions PowerPoint
World Religions PowerPointadanner81
 
World Religions
World ReligionsWorld Religions
World Religionsbmoffitt31
 
5 major world religions ppt
5 major world religions ppt5 major world religions ppt
5 major world religions pptrenzje
 
Introduction to World Religions
Introduction to World ReligionsIntroduction to World Religions
Introduction to World ReligionsRyan LeBlanc
 
Unit 3 Sociology: Beliefs in society
Unit 3 Sociology: Beliefs in societyUnit 3 Sociology: Beliefs in society
Unit 3 Sociology: Beliefs in societyemmaashman
 
2.3.2 Religions and Belief Systems
2.3.2 Religions and Belief Systems2.3.2 Religions and Belief Systems
2.3.2 Religions and Belief SystemsSandy Anthony
 
Is Religion Good or Bad for Society?
Is Religion Good or Bad for Society?Is Religion Good or Bad for Society?
Is Religion Good or Bad for Society?Tim Zebo
 
Role of religion in society and humanitarian action
Role of religion in society and humanitarian actionRole of religion in society and humanitarian action
Role of religion in society and humanitarian actionShakeb Nabi
 
World Religions: Introduction
World Religions: IntroductionWorld Religions: Introduction
World Religions: IntroductionBropaw2004
 
Society, Culture and Family Planning with Population Education
Society, Culture and Family Planning with Population EducationSociety, Culture and Family Planning with Population Education
Society, Culture and Family Planning with Population EducationMylene Almario
 
Functionalist theories of religion
Functionalist theories of religionFunctionalist theories of religion
Functionalist theories of religionlil-slide-share
 
Positive and Negative Effects of Religion
Positive and Negative Effects of ReligionPositive and Negative Effects of Religion
Positive and Negative Effects of ReligionNorlyn Traje
 
Religion and social change 1
Religion and social change 1Religion and social change 1
Religion and social change 1Beth Lee
 
Uniform civil code
Uniform civil codeUniform civil code
Uniform civil codeanamika18
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Religion ppt
Religion pptReligion ppt
Religion ppt
 
Religion
ReligionReligion
Religion
 
Chapter 13 Government & Law
Chapter 13 Government & LawChapter 13 Government & Law
Chapter 13 Government & Law
 
World Religions PowerPoint
World Religions PowerPointWorld Religions PowerPoint
World Religions PowerPoint
 
World Religions
World ReligionsWorld Religions
World Religions
 
5 major world religions ppt
5 major world religions ppt5 major world religions ppt
5 major world religions ppt
 
Introduction to World Religions
Introduction to World ReligionsIntroduction to World Religions
Introduction to World Religions
 
Unit 3 Sociology: Beliefs in society
Unit 3 Sociology: Beliefs in societyUnit 3 Sociology: Beliefs in society
Unit 3 Sociology: Beliefs in society
 
2.3.2 Religions and Belief Systems
2.3.2 Religions and Belief Systems2.3.2 Religions and Belief Systems
2.3.2 Religions and Belief Systems
 
Is Religion Good or Bad for Society?
Is Religion Good or Bad for Society?Is Religion Good or Bad for Society?
Is Religion Good or Bad for Society?
 
Role of religion in society and humanitarian action
Role of religion in society and humanitarian actionRole of religion in society and humanitarian action
Role of religion in society and humanitarian action
 
World Religions: Introduction
World Religions: IntroductionWorld Religions: Introduction
World Religions: Introduction
 
Society, Culture and Family Planning with Population Education
Society, Culture and Family Planning with Population EducationSociety, Culture and Family Planning with Population Education
Society, Culture and Family Planning with Population Education
 
A2 Sociology: Defining Relgion
A2 Sociology: Defining RelgionA2 Sociology: Defining Relgion
A2 Sociology: Defining Relgion
 
Functionalist theories of religion
Functionalist theories of religionFunctionalist theories of religion
Functionalist theories of religion
 
Positive and Negative Effects of Religion
Positive and Negative Effects of ReligionPositive and Negative Effects of Religion
Positive and Negative Effects of Religion
 
Religion and social change 1
Religion and social change 1Religion and social change 1
Religion and social change 1
 
A2 Sociology: Marxist Theories of Religion
A2 Sociology: Marxist Theories of ReligionA2 Sociology: Marxist Theories of Religion
A2 Sociology: Marxist Theories of Religion
 
Uniform civil code
Uniform civil codeUniform civil code
Uniform civil code
 
Philippine Culture
Philippine CulturePhilippine Culture
Philippine Culture
 

Similar to Chapter 13 religion

Religion and Belief Systems - UCSP
Religion and Belief Systems - UCSPReligion and Belief Systems - UCSP
Religion and Belief Systems - UCSParbhel23
 
Religion and belief systems
Religion and belief systemsReligion and belief systems
Religion and belief systemsXyreneKayeYap
 
Main content17-1The Sociological Study of ReligionLO 1Define.docx
Main content17-1The Sociological Study of ReligionLO 1Define.docxMain content17-1The Sociological Study of ReligionLO 1Define.docx
Main content17-1The Sociological Study of ReligionLO 1Define.docxendawalling
 
Structural aspects of religion
Structural aspects of religionStructural aspects of religion
Structural aspects of religionwaheedaq
 
Mass Communication Course - Communicating religion by Delhi School of Communi...
Mass Communication Course - Communicating religion by Delhi School of Communi...Mass Communication Course - Communicating religion by Delhi School of Communi...
Mass Communication Course - Communicating religion by Delhi School of Communi...Delhi School of Communication
 
Religion meliza powerpoin
Religion meliza powerpoinReligion meliza powerpoin
Religion meliza powerpoinmelisa nuer
 
SOCIO PPT SCRIPT.docx
SOCIO PPT SCRIPT.docxSOCIO PPT SCRIPT.docx
SOCIO PPT SCRIPT.docxKalpanaSanju
 
RELIGIOUS RESPONSES 1C H A P T E R 1RELIGIOUS RESP.docx
RELIGIOUS RESPONSES  1C H A P T E R  1RELIGIOUS RESP.docxRELIGIOUS RESPONSES  1C H A P T E R  1RELIGIOUS RESP.docx
RELIGIOUS RESPONSES 1C H A P T E R 1RELIGIOUS RESP.docxaudeleypearl
 
Carib studies religion and the justice system ppt
Carib studies religion and the justice system pptCarib studies religion and the justice system ppt
Carib studies religion and the justice system pptcapesociology
 
Project 2 slideshow (2)
Project 2 slideshow (2)Project 2 slideshow (2)
Project 2 slideshow (2)tash7171
 
11. Religion and Society An Intro. and Sprituality and Social Work.pptx
11. Religion and Society An Intro. and Sprituality and Social Work.pptx11. Religion and Society An Intro. and Sprituality and Social Work.pptx
11. Religion and Society An Intro. and Sprituality and Social Work.pptxMichael Bautista
 
Big religion-chart
Big religion-chartBig religion-chart
Big religion-chartlyraki
 

Similar to Chapter 13 religion (20)

Religion and Belief System.pptx
Religion and Belief System.pptxReligion and Belief System.pptx
Religion and Belief System.pptx
 
Religion and Belief Systems - UCSP
Religion and Belief Systems - UCSPReligion and Belief Systems - UCSP
Religion and Belief Systems - UCSP
 
Religion and belief systems
Religion and belief systemsReligion and belief systems
Religion and belief systems
 
Religion
ReligionReligion
Religion
 
Main content17-1The Sociological Study of ReligionLO 1Define.docx
Main content17-1The Sociological Study of ReligionLO 1Define.docxMain content17-1The Sociological Study of ReligionLO 1Define.docx
Main content17-1The Sociological Study of ReligionLO 1Define.docx
 
Structural aspects of religion
Structural aspects of religionStructural aspects of religion
Structural aspects of religion
 
GLOBALIZATION OF RELIGION.pptx
GLOBALIZATION OF RELIGION.pptxGLOBALIZATION OF RELIGION.pptx
GLOBALIZATION OF RELIGION.pptx
 
Mass Communication Course - Communicating religion by Delhi School of Communi...
Mass Communication Course - Communicating religion by Delhi School of Communi...Mass Communication Course - Communicating religion by Delhi School of Communi...
Mass Communication Course - Communicating religion by Delhi School of Communi...
 
Communicating religion
Communicating religionCommunicating religion
Communicating religion
 
Religion meliza powerpoin
Religion meliza powerpoinReligion meliza powerpoin
Religion meliza powerpoin
 
Module-14.pptx
Module-14.pptxModule-14.pptx
Module-14.pptx
 
SOCIO PPT SCRIPT.docx
SOCIO PPT SCRIPT.docxSOCIO PPT SCRIPT.docx
SOCIO PPT SCRIPT.docx
 
RELIGIOUS RESPONSES 1C H A P T E R 1RELIGIOUS RESP.docx
RELIGIOUS RESPONSES  1C H A P T E R  1RELIGIOUS RESP.docxRELIGIOUS RESPONSES  1C H A P T E R  1RELIGIOUS RESP.docx
RELIGIOUS RESPONSES 1C H A P T E R 1RELIGIOUS RESP.docx
 
Carib studies religion and the justice system ppt
Carib studies religion and the justice system pptCarib studies religion and the justice system ppt
Carib studies religion and the justice system ppt
 
Religion.ppt
Religion.pptReligion.ppt
Religion.ppt
 
natureofeligion.pptx
natureofeligion.pptxnatureofeligion.pptx
natureofeligion.pptx
 
Project 2 slideshow (2)
Project 2 slideshow (2)Project 2 slideshow (2)
Project 2 slideshow (2)
 
11. Religion and Society An Intro. and Sprituality and Social Work.pptx
11. Religion and Society An Intro. and Sprituality and Social Work.pptx11. Religion and Society An Intro. and Sprituality and Social Work.pptx
11. Religion and Society An Intro. and Sprituality and Social Work.pptx
 
Religions Essay
Religions EssayReligions Essay
Religions Essay
 
Big religion-chart
Big religion-chartBig religion-chart
Big religion-chart
 

More from Adrian Christian Bulgan (20)

Chapter 8
Chapter 8Chapter 8
Chapter 8
 
Chapter 21 social change
Chapter 21  social changeChapter 21  social change
Chapter 21 social change
 
Chapter 20
Chapter 20Chapter 20
Chapter 20
 
Chapter 19
Chapter 19Chapter 19
Chapter 19
 
Chapter 18
Chapter 18Chapter 18
Chapter 18
 
Chapter 17 urban communities
Chapter 17 urban communitiesChapter 17 urban communities
Chapter 17 urban communities
 
Chapter 16
Chapter 16Chapter 16
Chapter 16
 
Chapter 15
Chapter 15Chapter 15
Chapter 15
 
Chapter 14 powerpoint
Chapter 14 powerpointChapter 14 powerpoint
Chapter 14 powerpoint
 
Chapter 12
Chapter 12Chapter 12
Chapter 12
 
Chapter 11
Chapter 11Chapter 11
Chapter 11
 
Chapter 10
Chapter 10Chapter 10
Chapter 10
 
Chapter 9
Chapter 9Chapter 9
Chapter 9
 
Chapter 7
Chapter 7Chapter 7
Chapter 7
 
Chapter 6
Chapter 6Chapter 6
Chapter 6
 
Chapter 5
Chapter 5Chapter 5
Chapter 5
 
Chapter 3
Chapter 3Chapter 3
Chapter 3
 
Chapter 2
Chapter 2Chapter 2
Chapter 2
 
Chapter 1
Chapter 1Chapter 1
Chapter 1
 
Chapter 4
Chapter 4Chapter 4
Chapter 4
 

Recently uploaded

A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTSA TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTSDr.M.Geethavani
 
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?Aggregage
 
Candace-Stone project& portfolio 1 class
Candace-Stone project& portfolio 1 classCandace-Stone project& portfolio 1 class
Candace-Stone project& portfolio 1 classccstone
 
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in GhanaDecision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in GhanaPrince Armah, PhD
 
EDL 290F Week 2 - Good Company (2024).pdf
EDL 290F Week 2  - Good Company (2024).pdfEDL 290F Week 2  - Good Company (2024).pdf
EDL 290F Week 2 - Good Company (2024).pdfElizabeth Walsh
 
Learner Digital Skills Toolkit DRAFT.docx
Learner Digital Skills Toolkit DRAFT.docxLearner Digital Skills Toolkit DRAFT.docx
Learner Digital Skills Toolkit DRAFT.docxGeorgeMilliken2
 
Kartik Nair In Media Res Media Component
Kartik Nair In Media Res Media ComponentKartik Nair In Media Res Media Component
Kartik Nair In Media Res Media ComponentInMediaRes1
 
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptxOdontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptxMennat Allah Alkaram
 
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in LithuaniaAndreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in LithuaniaEduSkills OECD
 
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdfSSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdfMohonDas
 
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptxMaryPotorti1
 
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...Katherine Villaluna
 
Add Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 Sales
Add Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 SalesAdd Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 Sales
Add Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 SalesCeline George
 
Google Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdf
Google Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdfGoogle Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdf
Google Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdfTechSoup
 
Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...
Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...
Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...i3 Health
 
Peninsula Channel Commanders Rules Handbook
Peninsula Channel Commanders Rules HandbookPeninsula Channel Commanders Rules Handbook
Peninsula Channel Commanders Rules Handbookpccwebmasterhmb
 
Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)
Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)
Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)CaraSkikne1
 
Unit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdf
Unit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdfUnit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdf
Unit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdfSUMIT TIWARI
 
EVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptx
EVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptxEVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptx
EVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptxiammrhaywood
 

Recently uploaded (20)

A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTSA TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
 
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
 
Candace-Stone project& portfolio 1 class
Candace-Stone project& portfolio 1 classCandace-Stone project& portfolio 1 class
Candace-Stone project& portfolio 1 class
 
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in GhanaDecision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
 
EDL 290F Week 2 - Good Company (2024).pdf
EDL 290F Week 2  - Good Company (2024).pdfEDL 290F Week 2  - Good Company (2024).pdf
EDL 290F Week 2 - Good Company (2024).pdf
 
Advance Mobile Application Development class 04
Advance Mobile Application Development class 04Advance Mobile Application Development class 04
Advance Mobile Application Development class 04
 
Learner Digital Skills Toolkit DRAFT.docx
Learner Digital Skills Toolkit DRAFT.docxLearner Digital Skills Toolkit DRAFT.docx
Learner Digital Skills Toolkit DRAFT.docx
 
Kartik Nair In Media Res Media Component
Kartik Nair In Media Res Media ComponentKartik Nair In Media Res Media Component
Kartik Nair In Media Res Media Component
 
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptxOdontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
 
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in LithuaniaAndreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in Lithuania
 
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdfSSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
SSC Hindu Religion and Moral Education MCQ Solutions 2024.pdf
 
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
2.27.24 Malcolm X and the Black Freedom Struggle.pptx
 
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
 
Add Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 Sales
Add Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 SalesAdd Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 Sales
Add Products From Catalog in Odoo 17 Sales
 
Google Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdf
Google Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdfGoogle Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdf
Google Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdf
 
Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...
Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...
Enhancing MRD Testing in Hematologic Malignancies: When Negativity is a Posit...
 
Peninsula Channel Commanders Rules Handbook
Peninsula Channel Commanders Rules HandbookPeninsula Channel Commanders Rules Handbook
Peninsula Channel Commanders Rules Handbook
 
Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)
Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)
Understanding Canada's international higher education landscape (2024)
 
Unit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdf
Unit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdfUnit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdf
Unit 5th topic Drugs used in congestive Heart failure and shock.pdf
 
EVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptx
EVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptxEVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptx
EVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptx
 

Chapter 13 religion

  • 2. THE NATURE OF RELIGION RELIGION is a universal and pervasive phenomenon, a part of the cultural system, because it is assumed to meet some basic need of human being. Religion has persisted and still exerts a great influence in lives of people.
  • 3. Religion is interwoven with the social, economic, and political life of the people. It is properly one of the areas of interest to a sociologist because of its influence on the individual and its functions in society. A sociologist’s main concern in the study if religion is not to establish the truth or falsity of a certain religion but to look into it’s structure, organization, and role and to observe how it affects and influences an individual or society.
  • 4. What is Religion? Religion comes from the Latin word religare, which means, “to bind together”. In the religion of preliterate societies, the various phenomena of nature are associated with a number of different personalities, and in many instances, numerous nature deities are honoured. In other religions, the supernatural beings is conceived as a spirit, one and indivisible, and in nature yet distinct from it.
  • 5. Religion according to some philosophers: Durkheim (1961) Defines religion as a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things, that is to say, things set apart and forbidden-beliefs and practices which unite into one single moral community called a church.
  • 6. Evans-Pritschard (1965:56) Religion embodies beliefs or representations which express the nature of sacred things as well as rites prescribing how a person should behave in the presence of sacred objects. Nisbet (1973:14) Avers that the deepest roots of any religion lies in the experience of the social and moral community which professes it.
  • 7. Giddens (1989:452) All religions involves a set of symbols which arouses feelings of reverence or awe and are linked to rituals or ceremonial such as church services practiced by a community of believers. There may be personalized gods, a “divine force” or figure who is regarded with reverence and love.
  • 8. RELIGIOUS STRUCTURES Religion in all societies, whether preliterate or modern, has more or less institutionalized ways in which individuals and groups express their awe of the unknown and by which they satisfy their sharply felt needs for adjustment to and communion with the supernatural realm (Hertzler 1961:462).
  • 9. Mana explains every extraordinary phenomena – why trees grow fast, why a man has an unusual skill or power, or why the harvest is bountiful. This power exists invisibly throughout the universe and may be possessed by gods, human beings, the forces of nature, and natural objects such as pools, rivers, sticks and stones, and is to be feared, worshipped, and revered.
  • 10. There are different beliefs in the world like the “Totemism”- the worship of plants and animals and the “Animism”- belief in spirits and souls of natural objects. In the Philippines, Aetas of Negros Oriental believe that unseen beings inhabit trees, streams, and springs. These spirits have no names but they are feared and respected. The general term given to them is enkanto or taglogar.
  • 11. Lambrecht (1962:33-40) - noted that Ifugaos have nature and culture gods, rice culture deities, and gods of reproduction or fetus makers. Their universe is divided into five regions: the Skyworld, the Underworld, the Downstream Region, the Upstream Region, and the Earth.
  • 12. RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATION 1. ECCLESIA- It has an elaborate formal bureaucratic structure with its hierarchy of church officials and well-developed dogmas and rituals. - Emphasis is placed on the sacraments and on the creed. - It determines and stabilizers the social order. Examples: Catholic Church in Spain, the Anglican Church in England, and Islam in Saudi Arabia.
  • 13. 2. SECT- it is usually a group that has broken away from a parent church. - Dogmas and rituals are less developed. - It is intolerant of secular world and other religious groups. Examples: Jehovah’s Witnesses, Seventh Day Adventists, the Mormons.
  • 14. 3. DENOMINATION- is “a sect which has cooled down and become an institutionalized body rather than an active protest group.” (Giddens) - Sects which survived over a considerable period of time settle down to become denominations. Examples: The Philippines Independent Church (Aglipayan), the Iglesia ni Kristo, and Protestant groups (Methodist, the Lutherans, Presbyterians)
  • 15. 4. CULT- usually a small-size group which is very loosely organized and transient. - They usually seek emotional rather than intellectual satisfaction, hence, they do not develop an extensive and coherent body of religious thought. Examples: Rizalistas of Luzon, the cargo-cults in Southern Luzon and the Visayas, the Sapilada, Lapiang Malaya, led by Valentin de los Santos and the Good Wisdom for All Nations, led by Aliler Bernaldez Pen
  • 16. SCIENCE AND RELIGION What relationship exists between science and religion? A number of persons believe that science and religion are in conflict with or are diametrically opposed to each other. Example the case when the Polish astronomer Copernicus advanced his theory about the solar system. Another point of difference between religion and science concerns the questions of evolution, creation, and the Bible.
  • 17. Science deals with observable phenomena and studies certain aspects of nature by empirical tests and observations guided by objective attitude. Science as certain the nature of the observable world while religion decides what is ultimately good. Science tries to understand the explanation of a phenomenon by systematizing knowledge in the light of what are known. If science does not have an answer, religion has. It is then possible for a person to believe in God and yet be a good scientist.
  • 18. The goal of science is to pursue the truth through empirical methods. Religion revolves around existential propositions like the origin of the world, life after death, the nature of heaven, salvation, and the revealed character of the Bible. In the last analysis, religion and science can be reconciled; they are not diametrically opposed to each other.
  • 19. FUNCTIONS OF RELIGION Religion has many functions for the individual who believes in it and for society as a whole. 1.Religion gives one “peace of mind”. - For example, in times of crisis or when we have a problem, by communicating with our deity or through our prayers, it satisfies our spiritual and emotional needs.
  • 20. 2. Religion allays the fears and anxieties of individuals by reassuring them of the care and protection of their deity. - It removes the fears and anxieties of an individual by giving them a comfort and consolation of their religion and by reassuring them the love, care and protection of God.
  • 21. 3. Religion delineates what is right and what is wrong and prescribes a system of reward and punishment. - Expectations of what would results from doing good, fear of sin, a concept of the life here after, and concepts of heaven and hell motivate an individual to do what is good in order to be at peace with his or her maker.
  • 22. 4. Religion integrates and promotes group solidarity. - The religious rites and ceremonies usually involving mass singing or mass prayers unite members of the society and enhance solidarity. In Catholicism, the were united to celebrate some special or traditional occasions such as “Misa de Gallo” and “Misa de Aguinaldo”.
  • 23. 5. Religion performs welfare, education, and recreation functions. - Religious Organizations carry out or build up some welfare activities and social programs, they also operate charitable institutions, hospitals, orphanages, medical clinics, and etc. They also provide schools for the poor.
  • 24. DYSFUNCTIONS OF RELIGION  Religion can be divisive face in society.  It may also be a disintegrating factor.  It may eventually lead to personal disorganization.
  • 25. RELIGION PLURALISM Existing in the Philippines are diverse religions resulting in a pluralistic patterns. The Spanish conquistadores who came to the country in 1521 introduced Catholicism and since then, the religion has dominated the country, affecting its mores, exerting influences upon secular power and enjoying considerable prestige. Before the people believed in spirits called anitos which were a hierarchy of deities in a type of animistic religion still found among some cultural communities. These beliefs also continue to permeate the lives of people in the rural areas.
  • 26. Arab traders introduced Islam to the Philippines, a religion which gained a stronghold in Mindanao and Sulu. Islam imposes certain cultural norms which have set its followers apart from the Christians. It revolves around the social teachings of the Koran. The relationship between the Muslim and Christian Filipinos may be characterized by mutual suspicion and antagonism. There have been limited cleavages.
  • 27. The Protestants have contributed their share of leaders in the various sectors of society. The latest contribution is the election of the first Protestant president, Fidel V. Ramos, on May 11,1992 (Castro 1992:46). The relationship between Catholics and Christian have improved through the years and toleration of each other’s faith may be observed.
  • 28. Another religious group is the Iglesia ni Kristo founded by Felix Manalo in 1914. Through the years, it has stabilized itself and developed a bureaucratic formal organization. Various sects like the Jehovah’s Witnesses, the Mormons and the Seventh Day Adventists have also gained adherents.
  • 29. Another group which is becoming popular is the “Born Again” or Charismatic group whose followers say that they are simply Christian believers; to them, the Bible is the only source of the Christian faith, and they are not bound by tradition and other doctrines. They consider Christianity as a way of life, a personal relationship with the lord, Jesus Christ.
  • 30. SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE In keeping with democratic principles, there is separation of Church and State in the Philippines, a condition which has existed since the Revolutionary period as decreed in the Malolos Constitution and incorporated in the subsequent Constitutions. Article II Section 6 of the 1987 Constitution expressly provides: “The separation of Church and State shall be inviolable.”
  • 31. This reasserts, with minor differences in wording and capitalization, a declaration made in Article XV, Section 15 of the 1973 Constitution. Similarly, Article III, Section 5 declares, "No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, shall forever be allowed. No religious test shall be required for the exercise of civil or political rights.” echoing Article IV, Section 8 of the 1973 constitution verbatim.
  • 32. FOLK CATHOLICISM In spite of the conversion of the country to Roman Catholicism, rural people are still oriented toward local traditions and the pre- Christian beliefs in spirits and charms, the mangkukulam, the anting-anting, the nuno sa punso, the aswang, and the like. The rural folks continue to placate the malevolent spirits to whose displeasure they attribute disease, crop failures, or any other catastrophe.
  • 33. Social anthropologists have used the term “folk Catholicism” to describe this situation. A distinction may be made between official Catholicism, non-official Catholicism, and folk Catholicism. 1. Official Catholicism - refers to the doctrines and rituals, which are prescribed, approved of, and maintained as normative. Examples: Sign of the Cross and Communion.
  • 34. 2. Non-Official Catholicism - comprises the elements, which are viewed as harmless but suspect and unorthodox by officially designated church authorities. Example: Walking to the altar on one’s knees, going to pilgrimages, dancing before the images of saints.
  • 35. 3.Folk Catholicism - includes the non-official elements, but only where these beliefs or practices are of popular derivation and are sanctioned in the community where it is found.
  • 36. Philosophers: 1.Pal- According to him, the barrio folk revolves around the will of Supreme God- Bathala. Everything which happens - birth, marriage, death, good crops, accidents are attributed to the will of Bathala. This reflects the fatalistic attitude of the people.
  • 37. 2.Arens- According to him, there is a widespread observance of animistic rituals in planting, harvesting, fishing, building houses, and taking care of the sick. There was the widespread belief in encantados (spirits) residing in trees and widespread use of anting-anting (amulets and talismans) with Christian prayers and beliefs.
  • 38. 3.Nydegger- He made similar observations in the study of Tarong, a barrio in Ilocos. People recognize God as omnipotent and supreme, their relation with Him is powerless and remote as there is no contact with Him except in the Poblacion Church.
  • 39. SPLIT-LEVEL CHRISTIANITY - Is the Catholic principle of Justice and the feudal attitude the lord may tax those whom he protects. There is the alumnus of a Catholic school who marries and maintains a querida but forbids his wife to go out with another man and drives her out of the house on suspicion of unfaithfulness. The split is between the Catholic rules regarding marriage and the cultural norms.
  • 40. FAITH HEALING AND THE OCCULT Occult is derived from Latin word occultus, means mysterious thing and practices related to supernatural forces beyond the five senses. Including under Occult are the following:  Practices and beliefs in astrology  Magic  Witchcraft  Numerology  Crystal ball gazing  Spiritism  Fortune telling
  • 41. *Manghuhula - a person who is believed to possess psychic power. - who can foretell the future through the use of cards, palm reading or crystal ball gazing. *Faith healer - is a person who serves as a medium for healing energy.
  • 42. Religion, Social Change and Social Action Like any other social institution, the Church has not escaped the impact of industrialization and modernization. In the face of these social changes, religion persists as a dynamic and powerful force in the lives of some devout persons. The Catholic Church has steadfastly held its stand against abortion, the use of artificial means of birth control, divorce, and the admission of women into the priesthood, and upholds the practice of celibacy among priests and nuns.
  • 43. THANK YOU  GOD BLESS!! "Blessed is the man who perseveres under trial, because when he has stood the test, he will receive the crown of life that God has promised to those who love him." James 1:12