Introduction A process that consists of the buildingsor assembling of infrastructure. Involves project manager , constructionmanager, design engineer, and projectarchitect. Refers to clearing, dredging,excavating, and grading of land andother activity associated with buildings,structures, or other types of realproperty such as bridges, dams, roadsetc.
History of constructionStone Age construction.Ancient construction.Medieval construction.Construction in themodern age.
Types of construction projects Building construction Residential construction Heavy or civil construction Industrial construction
Construction Companies Larsen and Tata ProjectsTurbo NHAI DLF Hindustan construction company
Larsen and Turbo ltd Indias largest engineering and Construction Company. Offering services to Power, Infrastructure, Cement, Oil, Natural Gas, Food, Chemical and Petrochemical industries.L&T made the world’s largest underground metro rail network atRajiv Chowk in Newdelhi
Tata ProjectsPromoted in the year 1979 company by the key Companies of the TataGroup, Tata Projects has passed three decades successfully emergedas an Engineering, Procurement and Construction having achievedISO 9001-2000, ISO 14000 and OHSAS 18000 certification for all itsoperations. The Company is one among a few construction companiesin India having all three certifications. Power generation. Core Water and waste water. Oil, gas and areas hydrocarbons. Metals and minerals. Railways.
DLF GROUPDLF is the largest real estate company in India interms of revenues, earnings, market capitalizationand developable area. OfficesIt has over six decades of real estate experience byconstantly upgrading its internal skill sets and Hotelsresource capabilities. ShoppingDLF has over 224 million sq.ft. of existing realestate development and 751 million sq.ft. of future mallsprojects infrastructIn delhi and NCR region it has planned to acquireland resources worth of 477 million sq.ft towards uredeveloping residential businesses.It has a wide range of products including duplexes,condominiums, apartments, luxury homes and rowJoint venture between DLF and UK basedhouses.construction major Laing Oourke will hope fully be Focusexecuting all the infrastructure projects in Indiaefficiently.
Hindustan construction company ltdAn integrated group spanning Construction, Real Estate andInfrastructure development.The HCC Group of companies comprises of HCC Construction, HCCInfrastructure, HCC Real Estate (HREL) and Lavasa Corporation.The group specializes in technically complex, new-age constructionin infrastructure projects, as well as EPC, BOT, Integrated projectsand townships.HCC has made an unmatched contribution to civil engineeringlandmarks, having executed over 321 Bridges, 43 Dams andBarrages, 15 Hydel Power Plants and 11 Nuclear Reactors, 160 kmsof Tunneling and 2,227 kms of Roads and Expressways.The major engineering landmarks are the world’s longest barrageat Farakka in West Bengal, India’s first underground metro, India’sfirst six-lane expressway, the unique double curvature arch dam atIdukki in Kerala and one of Asia’s largest breakwaters at EnnorePort in Tamil Nadu.Nimoo Bazgo Hydroelectric Project in Leh Ladakh at an altitude of
National highways authority of IndiaConstituted by an act of Parliament, the National HighwaysAuthority of India Act,1988.It is responsible for the development, maintenance andmanagement of National Highways entrusted to it and formatters connected or incidental thereto.The Authority was operationalised in Feb, 1995.National Highways Authority of India is mandated to implementNational Highways Development Project . India s Largest ever highways project. World class roads with uninterrupted traffic flow.
Construction industry development councilSet up jointly by the planningcommission, Government of Indiaand the Indian constructionindustry.Representative organization ofthe Indian construction industryand seeks to further its collectiveinterests.CIDC seeks to be a change agentto initiate and accelerate aprocess of self-reform that wouldenable the Indian constructionindustry to face the challenges of
SWOT ANALYSIS Study of the factors which may have an impact on business or industry either in a positive or in a negative way.Strength is defined as any internal asset, technology, motivation,finance, business links, etc That can help to exploit opportunities and tofight off threats. Weakness is an internal condition which hampers the competitiveposition or exploitation of opportunities.Opportunity is any external circumstance or characteristic which favoursthe demand of the system or where the system is enjoying acompetitive advantage. Threat is a challenge of an unfavourable trend or of any externalcircumstance which will unfavourably influence the position of thesystem.
Strengthsemployment and training opportunities in the field ofconstructionPrivate sector housing boom and commercial building demandsConstruction of the multi building projects on the feasiblelocations in the country.Good structured national network facilitates the boom ofconstruction industry.Low cost well- educated and skilled labour force is now widelyavailable across the country.Sufficient availability of raw material and natural resources inthe country is supportive for the industry.Real estate development is on high and it is attracting the focusof the industry towards construction.
weaknessChances of Natural disadvantage are there. Distance between construction projects reduces businessefficiency. Training itself has become a challenge. Changing skills requirements and an ageing workforce mayaccentuate the skills gap. Improve in long-term career prospects is highly required toencourage staff retention and new entrants. External allocation of large contracts becomes difficult. Lack of clearly define processes and procedures for constructionand its management. Huge amount of money need to be invested in this industry and
Opportunitiescontinuous private sector housing boom will create more constructionopportunities. Public sector projects through Public Private Partnerships will bring furtheropportunities. Developing supply chain through involvement in large projects is likely toenhance the chances in construction. Renewable energy projects will offer opportunities to develop skills andcapacity in new markets. More flexible training delivery techniques are now available. Financial supports like loan and insurance and growth in income of peopleis in support of construction industry. Historical cultural heritages like the TAZ MAHAL encourage and provide acreative platform for the industry. Remote areas in the country are easily accessible and plenty of land isavailable in the country.
ThreatLong term market instability and uncertainty may damage thesopportunities and prevent the expansion of training anddevelopment facilities.Current economic situation may have an adverse impact onconstruction industry.Political and security conditions in the region and Late legislativeenforcement measures are always threats to any industry in India.Infrastructure safety is a challenging task in construction industry.Lack of political willingness and support on promoting newstrategiesNatural abnormal casualties such as earth quake and floods areuncertain and can prevent the construction boom.Inefficient accessibility in planning and concerning theinfrastructure and signs.
Problems constructionindustry is facingOur construction industry suffers from capacity constraints,lack of trained manpower and managerial skills withperformance much below international level.The industry is starved of finance.Small and medium contractors do not have the wherewithal toupgrade their capability, both hard and soft, to undertake highvalue time bound projects.Quality, safety, environment and social aspects are also notbeing addressed appropriately. Though there are islands of excellence in a sea of mediocrity, our companies must become global players by modernising, intensive training of their manpower, enhancing their turnover and change of mindset.
positive development of the construction secto •A positive image of the construction industry as a career choice. •Adequate training facilities to cope with increasing demands for Modern Apprenticeships. •A workforce that is suitably skilled and qualified. •The transfer of skills from other sectors, such as agriculture, fishing, aquaculture and forestry, to the construction industry. •Local employers able to effectively compete for the large scale construction contracts.
ConclusionIn the years ahead, the construction industry in India has toovercome various challenges with respect to housing,environment, transportation, power or natural hazards.Technocrats associated with the Indian construction industry needto employ innovative technologies and skilled project handlingstrategies to overcome these challenges.The outstanding performance under demanding situations in thepast will stand in good stead and give confidence to the Indianconstruction industry to bring about an overall development inthe infrastructure of the nation.The gains of large investments in the mega-projects eventuallywill feedback to the construction industry itself in the form ofbetter economy and improved work conditions.