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ADITYA CHAUHAN
17BT010705
Textile Engineering
Presentation
NON - WOVEN TECHNOLOGY
Cigarette paper
CONTENT
INTRODUCTION
RAW MATERIAL
WEB FORMATION
WEB BONDING
INTRODUCTION
A cigarette is a narrow cylinder containing tobacco, that is rolled
into thin paper for smoking.
Cigarette paper is a speciality paper used for making cigarette.
Cigarette paper are packs of several cigarette size sheets often
folded inside a cardboard wrapper.
Requirements of cigarette paper
 tensile strength
 tearing strength
High opacity
Low air permeability
Excellent burning speed control
Good edge, quality cut without burrs
White ash
Good runnability
RAW MATERIAL
Cigarette paper is made from thin and
lightweight "rag fibers" such as flax, hemp,
sisal, etc.
The plant fibres used for pulp are
composed mostly of cellulose and hemi-
cellulose, which have a tendency to form
molecular linkages between fibres in the
presence of water. After the water
evaporates the fibres remain bonded.
It is not necessary to add additional binders for most
paper grades, although both wet and dry strength
additives may be added.
the fillers used are calcium carbonate to influence the
permeability , magnesium carbonate or titanium oxide if a
particularly white ash is required.Sodium potassium
tartrate , sodium and potassium citrate are used as a
combustion regulator in cigarette paper.
WEB FORMATION
The process used for web formation in case of cigarette
paper is wet laid process and manufacturing process is
similar to that of paper making.
The fibres are mixed with water and it forms fibre water
suspension.
Chemicals like calcium carbonate which influence
permeability and colour , magnesium carbonate or titanium
oxide if white ash required. sodium potassium tertrate,
sodium & potassium citrate are used as combustion
regulator are added to the suspension.
The suspension is then pumped to the headbox which has
small opening, often called as slice. Through the slice the
,fibre water suspension is dropped onto the moving
perforated fourdrinier wires.
These wires contain a lot of perforations through which the
water gets drained to the vacuum and the fibres laid on the
moving wires to form a web.
WEB BONDING
After the web formation, the press section removes much of
the remaining water via a system of nips formed by rolls
pressing against each other aided by press felts that support
the web sheet.
The fibers used have the tendency to form molecular linkage
with fibers in the presence of water
Calendering can be done to make the paper surface extra
smooth and glossy.
It also gives more uniform thickness to paper formed.
SOME CIGARETTE PAPER MANUFACTURING
COMPANIES
 Tyagi group ( New Delhi )
 Moondust private limited ( New Delhi )
 Shenzhen sunshine industrial co. Limited ( china )
 Republic Technologies Inc ( OCB ) ( France )
 RAW ( America )
THANK YOU


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Cigarette paper

  • 3. INTRODUCTION A cigarette is a narrow cylinder containing tobacco, that is rolled into thin paper for smoking. Cigarette paper is a speciality paper used for making cigarette. Cigarette paper are packs of several cigarette size sheets often folded inside a cardboard wrapper.
  • 4. Requirements of cigarette paper  tensile strength  tearing strength High opacity Low air permeability Excellent burning speed control Good edge, quality cut without burrs White ash Good runnability
  • 5. RAW MATERIAL Cigarette paper is made from thin and lightweight "rag fibers" such as flax, hemp, sisal, etc. The plant fibres used for pulp are composed mostly of cellulose and hemi- cellulose, which have a tendency to form molecular linkages between fibres in the presence of water. After the water evaporates the fibres remain bonded.
  • 6. It is not necessary to add additional binders for most paper grades, although both wet and dry strength additives may be added. the fillers used are calcium carbonate to influence the permeability , magnesium carbonate or titanium oxide if a particularly white ash is required.Sodium potassium tartrate , sodium and potassium citrate are used as a combustion regulator in cigarette paper.
  • 7. WEB FORMATION The process used for web formation in case of cigarette paper is wet laid process and manufacturing process is similar to that of paper making. The fibres are mixed with water and it forms fibre water suspension. Chemicals like calcium carbonate which influence permeability and colour , magnesium carbonate or titanium oxide if white ash required. sodium potassium tertrate, sodium & potassium citrate are used as combustion regulator are added to the suspension.
  • 8. The suspension is then pumped to the headbox which has small opening, often called as slice. Through the slice the ,fibre water suspension is dropped onto the moving perforated fourdrinier wires. These wires contain a lot of perforations through which the water gets drained to the vacuum and the fibres laid on the moving wires to form a web.
  • 9. WEB BONDING After the web formation, the press section removes much of the remaining water via a system of nips formed by rolls pressing against each other aided by press felts that support the web sheet. The fibers used have the tendency to form molecular linkage with fibers in the presence of water Calendering can be done to make the paper surface extra smooth and glossy. It also gives more uniform thickness to paper formed.
  • 10. SOME CIGARETTE PAPER MANUFACTURING COMPANIES  Tyagi group ( New Delhi )  Moondust private limited ( New Delhi )  Shenzhen sunshine industrial co. Limited ( china )  Republic Technologies Inc ( OCB ) ( France )  RAW ( America )