What is Narrative?A narrative is a storythat tells about people(or animals) doingsomething at some timeand place.
The Purpose is...Narrative is to amuse,entertain and to deal withan actual or vicariousexperience in differentways.
Kinds of Narrative NarrativePersonal Narrative Fictional Narr Biographical Narrative
Personal NarrativeA personal narrative tells about a real experience thathappened to the writer. When you write a personalnarrative, do the following:1.Use the first-person voice (I, me, my, we, our).2.Focus on one important experience or time.3.Show the reader why the experience wasimportant.
Biographical NarrativeA biographical narrative tells about a real event thathappened to a person other than the writer. When youwrite a biographical narrative, do the following:1.Use the third-person voice (he, she, him, her,they).2.Study the experience and, if possible, interviewthe person.3.Show the reader why the experience wasimportant.
Fictional NarrativeA fictional narrative tells a made-up story. When youwrite a fictional narrative, do the following:1.Make up interesting characters.2.Create a conflict, a problem the characters mustovercome or solve.3.Tell whether the characters succeed or fail.
Language Feature• Using processes verbs• Using temporal conjunction• Using Simple Past TenseDescription of characters and places using:- Adjectives to describe nouns – heavy, frosty, transparent, grumpy- Adverbs – to describe verbs – quickly, secretly, quietly, energetically, suddenly- Similes – to compare one thing with another, using like or as … as – as bright as the moon, the kiss felt like a butterfly’s wings against her cheekTime words – Once upon a time, long ago, then, last weekVerbs indicating actions in the story – hid, ate, ran, whispered, looked
Generic Structure of Narrative • Orientation It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story are introduced. • Complication Where the problems in the story developed. • Resolution Where the problems in the story is solved.
Mantu’s Little Elephant Little Mantu lived in a village deep in the jungle whereelephants helped the men with their work. These elephants were sobig and strong. They could lift up the heaviest logs with their trunksand toss them high in the air.Now, Mantu had an elephant of his very own. His name was Opie. Hewas just a baby and Mantu loved him very much. Mantu whispered toOpie’s ear that someday he would become the biggest, strongest andbravest elephant in the jungle. The other elephants heard this. Theybegan to laugh and made rude noises with their trunks. “We’re so bigand tall, but you’re so small. You’re nothing at all,” said one of the bigelephants. Mantu looked up at the huge elephant with a mishievousglint in his eye. “You’re so tall and can see far away. We can seewhat is happening down here in the jungle. In fact, we would be thefirst to see any slithering snakes that may be a danger. “After hearingthe word snakes, the elephants screeched and off they gwentsthundering in fright. “Did I say there were snakes?” giggled Mantu. “No, I don’tthink so,” smiled Opie. Mantu then climbed upon his little friend’sback and went home to the village to tell everyone about the foolishelephants. Adapted from: 50 Bedtime Stories, 2002