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Presentasi membangun cerita fantasy dan science fiction

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Bagaimana merancang cerita, karakter, dunia untuk genre Fantasy dan Science Fiction

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Presentasi membangun cerita fantasy dan science fiction

  1. 1. Membangun Cerita, Karakter, dan Dunia Fantasy & Science Fiction Oleh: Adhicipta R. Wirawan @adhicipta Mechanimotion Entertainment www.mechanimotion.com
  2. 2. Agenda ● Bagian 1: – FantasyVs. Science Fiction – Know Your Audience ● Bagian 2: – Step 1: Storytelling – Step 2: Characters – Step 3:TheWorld
  3. 3. “Fantasy is the endless optimism That one person can make a difference.” R.A. Salvatore, creator ofThe Legend of Drizzt
  4. 4. Fantasy is fiction that depends On magical or supernatural elements
  5. 5. If the magical elements are replaced with Imagined technologies, It's Science Fiction
  6. 6. Jenis Cerita Fantasy ● Epic Fantasy – Lord ofThe RingsTrilogy ● High Fantasy – The Inheritance ● Sword and Sorcery – Harry Potter ● Dark Fantasy – Stephen King'sThe Dark Tower ● Contemporary Fantasy – Dresden Files ● Hystorical Fantasy – Jonathan Strange & Mr. Norrell ● Erotic Fantasy – Wuthering Heights
  7. 7. Jenis Cerita Science Fiction ● Hard Science Fiction – Interstellar ● Military Science Fiction – StarshipTroopers ● Space Opera – Star Wars ● Slipstream – Hugo Mann's Perfect Soul ● Cyberpunk – Neuromancer ● Steampunk – Clockwork Angel ● Alternate History – The Man in the High Castle
  8. 8. Fantasy Vs. Science Fiction Apakah Genre menentukan Penjualan?
  9. 9. “I've seen no difference (in sales of one subgenre over another). It's all about whether the reader Is emotionally connected.” Kuo-Yu Liang, Vice President of Sales and Marketing for Diamond Book Distributors
  10. 10. Know Your Audience ● Adult Fantasy and Science Fiction – Sex & Violence – Sophisticated point of view ● Teen Fantasy and Science Fiction – Teenagers are particularly subject to distraction from new media ● Middle Grade Fantasy and Science Fiction – Kids ages 8 to 12 orTweens ● Children
  11. 11. Step 1: Start with an Idea (1) ● Buatlah Logline untuk menggambarkan ide dalam 25 kata atau kurang. – Who is your main character? – What is he or she trying to accomplish? – Who is trying to stop him or her? – What happens if he or she fails? ● ContohThe Adventures of Warara's Logline: – Seekor kera putih keturunan asura dan mannusa harus mempertaruhkan nyawanya demi mengumpulkan Hastabrata untuk menyelematkan tanah varadwipa dari ancaman Katunara dan pasukannya.
  12. 12. Step 1: Start with an Idea (2) ● Story is essential F D CE Hero A Hero B Villain A Villain B Hero comes full circle HeroicVictory Fantasy & Science Fiction, Philip Athans, 2010 TotalVictory Dark
  13. 13. Step 1: Start with an Idea (3) ● Hero comes full circle – Akhir cerita kembali ke titik awal hero ● Total Victory – Akhir cerita musuh di kalahkan dan dikembalikan ke asalnya ● Heroic Victory – Akhir cerita musuh dapat dikalahkan tapi hero tidak berhasil kembali ke asalnya ● Dark – Akhir cerita musu berhasil mencapai misinya dan hero tidak sepenuhnya berhasil menggagalkan musuh.
  14. 14. “All great stories, whatever the genre, Begin with great characters.” -Lou Anders
  15. 15. Step 2: Characters ● Character Development (Protagonist): – Who is the character? – Where did he come from? – What is he doing? – Why is he doing it? – How will he do it? ● Character Development (antagonist): – What is the villain ambition? – Who is the character? – Where did he come from? – What is he doing? – Why is he doing it? – How will he do it?
  16. 16. The twelve stages of the hero's journey monomyth following the summary by ChristopherVogler
  17. 17. Step 3: The World ● Tipe dunia dalam Fantasy & Science Fiction: – CreatedWorlds: StarWars – FantasizedWorlds (Modification from existing a culture or a nation: Avatar:The Legend of Aang – Hystorical Fantasy/Alternate History: Samurai X, Abraham Lincoln:Vampire Hunter – Near or Far Future Science Fiction: HALO, 2001: A Space Odyssey – Contemporary (Urban) Fantasy and Science Fiction: Underworld, Dresden files ● Buatlah Peta. ● Buatlah ras dan suku bangsa di dunia fantasy / Science Fiction. ● Isi dunia dengan flora dan fauna fantasy / Science Fiction. ● Buatlah “Pemimpin dan Pemerintah”.
  18. 18. Membangun Cerita, Karakter, dan Dunia Fantasy & Science Fiction Oleh: Adhicipta R. Wirawan @adhicipta Mechanimotion Entertainment www.mechanimotion.com

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