Changing Policy Agenda Intensive Interventions         Wendy Weal       Managing Director    Interface Associates
Who are Interface AssociatesMembers of Family Delivery TeamResponsible for:   •   Roll out FIPs   •   Think Family reforms...
What do Interface Associates do?National expertise to support local implementationof policy into practiceSingle point cont...
2007Focus on ASB TOGETHER, Respect programmeCreate DCSF and Youth Taskforce- September 07Policy Context•   Every Child Mat...
Agenda in DCSFChildrens outcomesEmphasis on effective parenting on outcomes for children.Impacts on educational attainment...
DCSF InvestmentProviding a ring fenced grant (2009-2011) for all authorities to:   Implement ‘Think Family’ reforms to loc...
Recognised effectiveness of FIPsBy 2009 (August)• 128 FIPs delivering support to families•FIPs supporting 2,796 families• ...
Think Family Reforms - everybodys businessA series of changes to LA services and systems to:• Extend the integration of ch...
Multiple funding/accountability has resulted in             ineffective and expensive provision                    DfE    ...
But not intervening is costing even more….                                                                                ...
Agenda Dec 10PM announcement “I set this ambition: by the end of thisParliament, I want us to try and turn around every tr...
Agenda September 11 1st April the first phase of Community Budget for families withmultiple problems covered 20% of local ...
Agenda Nov 11PM creates new ” Troubled Families Unit” to   “turn around the lives of 120,000 troubled families by the   en...
Troubled Families Unit£448m announcedFunding for coordinators to oversee action in their area.National push for higher pro...
Definition of troubled familyTFT “A troubled family is one that has serious problems andcauses serious problems. In every ...
TimelineJanuary  Each LA asked to identify their families focussing on       Those not in work       Children not attend...
Funding for Coordinator’sNational network of Troubled Family Coordinators ineach local councilOperate at a senior level to...
Role of Coordinator’sGetting a grip on the numbers, names and locations ofthe families in their areaBring together local a...
The “New” ApproachPace and Scale 120,000 across the country TimeLine for robust and ambitious plansFocus Individual fam...
What works with families
Where are Intensive support services now?De ring-fencing of grantsSeen a move to services not projectsEdge of care emphasi...
The Future?Areas in very different positionsCommunity Budgets? Links to Troubled families – sameor different?Social Impact...
Wendy.Weal@interfaceassociates.co.uk www.interfaceassociates.co.uk           07584 314 571
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Interface Associates: the changing policy environment for families

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Wendy Weal from Interface Associates looks at the development of intensive interventions for families, including the current 'troubled families' programme.

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  • Family Delivery team Roll out of FIPs, Family Pathfinders, PEIP, Think Family, Training Think Family reforms Links to policy and gvt departments EOI National Prospectus Improving outcomes for Children and Young People Set up Social Enterprise (non profit) Links with gvt Regional associates Who we are Our team includes members of the former Families Delivery Team, Families at Risk Division at the Department for Education (DfE), together with individuals who have been involved in the implementation of improvement programmes in local authorities throughout the UK. Together, these Associates share a wealth of skills, knowledge, and experience around services for vulnerable families, change management improvement support, and evaluation.  Move to new troubled families unit
  • What we do Interface Associates UK is the only national body of expertise on effective approaches to support families with multiple problems. Our overall aim is to enhance capacity and expertise in local areas across priority areas of service delivery for communities, children and vulnerable families.   We help Local Authorities and their partners to increase service quality and gather evidence of outcomes and quality, with a clear focus on innovation and excellence through learning from local practice as well as national research. Move to new troubled families unit
  • Too many families with multiple problems are targeted by a number of different professionals each dealing with a different family member and a different problem. The most troubled families are often targeted by up to 20 different professionals and is likely to include adults and children ’s services, police, health, employment, housing and so on. Research has shown that this is confusing, expensive and ineffective, as costs per family can be £250K - £330K per family per year. Cost data provided by local authorities suggest that local areas already spend in excess of £4bn each year, over half which appears to be preventable (taking children into care, eviction, prosecution etc..).
  • By intervening earlier with these families, before they reach crisis point, significant cost savings can be made and outcomes for families can be improved.
  • Spending Review announced CBs in 16 areas (covering 28 LAs) focused on family intervention Joint CLG/DfE Initiative Facilitate the breaking down of barriers to support families with multiple problems. Give LAs more control over local spending for families with multiple problems Remove obstacles for multi agency working, by drawing together resources from children ’s services, housing, police, health and probation that are spent on all these families Allow local areas to redesign services for families to deliver better outcomes at less cost. ‘ Whitehall Champion’ to ‘support and unblock’ problems Trialling new ways of working: Seed funding for exemplar projects and to support dissemination
  • New Troubled Families Team Established in Department of Communities and Local Government (CLG) to lead the work to meet the Prime Minister's ambition to turn around the lives of the most troubled families. The Families with Multiple Problems Division in DfE close and responsibilities transferred to Louise Casey's Troubled Families Team. 
  •   Almost £450million has been made available in a new, determined, cross-government drive to turn around the lives of 120,000 of some of the country ’s most troubled families by the end of this Parliament.     The £450million means the Government will offer up to 40 per cent of the cost of dealing with these families to local authorities - but on a payment-by-results basis when they and their partners achieve success with families. For the first time, the Government has outlined the headline goals and how success will be measured with the following, straightforward, criteria:   Children back into school; Reduce their criminal and anti-social behaviour; Parents on the road back to work, and Reduce the costs to the taxpayer and local authorities.   national network of Troubled Family 'Trouble-Shooters' appointed by local councils. The trouble-shooters will oversee the programme of action in their area. Their responsibilities will include making sure the right families are getting the right type of help, that sanctions are in place when needed, and that positive results are being achieved with the troubled families in their area.   This will be backed by a new, concerted national push from the government to give this vital work a renewed impetus and higher profile, but also build on the successful work already going on in areas of the country.   The Prime Minister, who formally launched the programme during a visit to a Family Intervention Centre in Sandwell, said:   “ I am determined to "get to grips" with tackling England's most troubled families by pledging a network of troubleshooters’.  I promise more targeted support, with families getting one dedicated worker rather than a "string of well-meaning, disconnected officials".     The Government has also released the estimated number of troubled families in each upper-tier local authority area based on indicative numbers in previous government research. These are based on a family suffering from five out of seven specified disadvantages.   Councils will now be asked to look to identify actual families, based on factors such as truanting, antisocial behaviour and cost to public services.   Simultaneously, the Department of Work and Pensions announced that some European Social Fund funding will be used to help some of the country ’s most disadvantaged families get back on their feet and into jobs. The programme will provide targeted and personal support for tens of thousands of families and will be delivered by leading welfare to work providers working with local authorities and local organisations.
  • Louise Casey and Joe Tukes letters
  • It is hoped they will be in post by April 2012. It is expected that there will be approximately 150. As the funding will be weighted in proportion with the number of families in each local area, some areas may choose to use these resources to recruit small teams.
  • It is hoped they will be in post by April 2012. It is expected that there will be approximately 150. As the funding will be weighted in proportion with the number of families in each local area, some areas may choose to use these resources to recruit small teams.
  • High quality key-workers with low caseloads (eg 4-6 families per worker) Ways of whole family working that are empowering and build on family strengths Respectful, persistent working styles. Flexibility to use resources creatively. Incentives/rewards and focus on consequences secure families’ engagement Support that is not time-limited (average 12-18 months) and is available ‘out of hours’ Effective multi-agency relationships (co-ordination, clear arrangements for joint working e.g with CSC, adult services) Parenting support through evidence-based parenting programmes There was significant improvement in outcomes for 3,675 families who had exited an intervention, compared to their circumstances at the start: There was, on average, reductions in the proportion of families experiencing the following issues: 53% reduction in truancy, exclusion or poor behaviour in school (from 58% of families with the issue at the start of the intervention to 28% of families with the issue at exit) 58% reduction in anti-social behaviour (from 81% to 34%) 34% reduction in child protection issues (from 27% to 18%) 57% reduction in domestic violence issues (from 28% to 12%) 23% reduction in mental health problems (from 36% to 28%) 40% reduction in drug & alcohol problems (from 32% to 20%) 48% reduction in alcohol problems (from 29% to 15%) 41% reduction in crime (from 35% to 20%) 14% reduction where no parent was in employment or training (from 68% to 58%)
  • (which goes to show that there are nearly as many other models as there are FIPs)
  • (which goes to show that there are nearly as many other models as there are FIPs) Herefordshire vulnerability matrix
  • Interface Associates: the changing policy environment for families

    1. 1. Changing Policy Agenda Intensive Interventions Wendy Weal Managing Director Interface Associates
    2. 2. Who are Interface AssociatesMembers of Family Delivery TeamResponsible for: • Roll out FIPs • Think Family reforms • Training • Improvement supportLinks with central Government • DfE • Troubled Families Unit • DCLG and DHExpertise and best practice
    3. 3. What do Interface Associates do?National expertise to support local implementationof policy into practiceSingle point contact for support with vulnerablefamilies across whole Country.Work Nationally and locallyInfluence PolicyRegional network/learning events
    4. 4. 2007Focus on ASB TOGETHER, Respect programmeCreate DCSF and Youth Taskforce- September 07Policy Context• Every Child Matters• Aiming high – ten year strategy for positive activities• Children’s Plan – Government’s ambitions for young people• Roll out of Extended SchoolsNeighbourhood Policing rolled out across the countryContinuing focus on tackling anti-social behaviour –perceptions of anti-social behaviour
    5. 5. Agenda in DCSFChildrens outcomesEmphasis on effective parenting on outcomes for children.Impacts on educational attainment•Parental interest in education is four times more important than SESfactors in influencing attainment at 16•Parental involvement has a bigger impact on attainment at 7 & 11 than thequality of the school even controlling for social classStrong rationale for government intervention to support thoseparents who are strugglingAnd to challenge parents who are unable or unwilling to meet theseresponsibilities
    6. 6. DCSF InvestmentProviding a ring fenced grant (2009-2011) for all authorities to: Implement ‘Think Family’ reforms to local authority and healthservice systems and services; Offer Parenting Early Intervention Programmes (PEIPs) to helpmothers and fathers of children (aged 8-13) at risk of poor outcomesimprove their parenting skills; Continue to fund Parenting Experts and Practitioners in allauthorities; and Set up Youth Crime Family Intervention Projects (FIPs) to provideintensive support to families in the greatest difficulty.
    7. 7. Recognised effectiveness of FIPsBy 2009 (August)• 128 FIPs delivering support to families•FIPs supporting 2,796 families• YCAP funding rolling out FIPs in every local authority would enable,by 2011, support to be provided to 5,240 families per year.• Approx. 1/3rd in VCSProject focus ASB FIPS ‘Child poverty’ FIPs: tackling child poverty and inter generationalworklessness ‘Youth Crime FIPs’: to prevent offending
    8. 8. Think Family Reforms - everybodys businessA series of changes to LA services and systems to:• Extend the integration of children’s services to all services workingwith children, young people & adults• Ensure that all services working with vulnerable children, youngpeople and adults consider the family context and: – Identify families which are at risk and provide support at the earliest opportunity – Meet the full-range of needs within each family they are supporting – Developing services which can respond effectively to the most challenging families
    9. 9. Multiple funding/accountability has resulted in ineffective and expensive provision DfE HO MoJ DH CLG DWP PCT/ GP LA Police YJB Housing Consortia JCP authorities Prisons / VCS Probation YOS worker Young carer Police officer CAMHS/ support worker Mental Health Drug and Housing link Employment Family support Worker alcohol team worker Personal advisers Parent support workers advisers/Schools Surestart Intensive family intervention worker/parenting practitioner £4bn+ is being spent each year…. Can be as much as £250,000-330,000 per family per year……
    10. 10. But not intervening is costing even more…. Child looked after in secure Child looked after in accommodation – £134,000 children’s home – £125,000 per year placement costsCost per child / per year placement costs Cost Multi-dimensional Treatment Foster Care – £68,000 per year Costs increase for total package of support as children getfamily older Child looked after in foster care – £25,000 per year placement costs Family Intervention Projects – £8-20,000 per family per year Multi-Systemic Therapy – £7-10,000 per year Parenting programme (e.g. Triple P) – £900-1,000 per family Family Nurse Partnerships – £3000 per family a year PEIP – £1,200 - 3,000 per parent Children’s Centres - around £600 per user Schools - £5,400 per pupil Severity of need
    11. 11. Agenda Dec 10PM announcement “I set this ambition: by the end of thisParliament, I want us to try and turn around every troubled familyin the country.”Community budgets Focused on family intervention to facilitate the breaking downof barriers to support families with multiple problems to enablelocal areas to work more effectively with these families, withoutduplicating effort and expenditure Investment to build on current family intervention provisionthrough an Early Intervention Grant Trialling new ways of working: Seed funding for exemplarprojects and to support dissemination
    12. 12. Agenda September 11 1st April the first phase of Community Budget for families withmultiple problems covered 20% of local authorities 27th May DWP announced that £200m for employment-relatedsupport 29th June the DPM announced that further 50 CommunityBudget areas by April 2012 and at 60 more in April 2013. New Areas to work on plans 72 state interest in CB Phase 2
    13. 13. Agenda Nov 11PM creates new ” Troubled Families Unit” to “turn around the lives of 120,000 troubled families by the end of this Parliament”To work with “ a cohort of families with problems that are being passed on through the generations; that these families have members who are often vulnerable and in crisis; that they often cause problems to others around them, and that, despite huge efforts put in by so many, they absorb public services without their problems ever being fully dealt with”
    14. 14. Troubled Families Unit£448m announcedFunding for coordinators to oversee action in their area.National push for higher profile.Offer 40% through Payment by Results based on: Children back into school; Reduce their criminal and anti-social behaviour; Parents on the road back to work, and Reduce the costs to the taxpayer and local authorities.
    15. 15. Definition of troubled familyTFT “A troubled family is one that has serious problems andcauses serious problems. In every troubled family there are arange of problems including: parents not working mental health problems children not in school family causing crime and anti-social behaviour and costing local services a lot of time and money routinely responding to these problemsAreas need to chose the right families for them – DV, mentalhealth, Substance misuse, edge of care
    16. 16. TimelineJanuary Each LA asked to identify their families focussing on  Those not in work  Children not attending school  Involved in crime and/or anti-social behaviour• CLG to provide simple and workable definition to assist LA’s identifythe right families within their current administrative systemsFebruary• Discussion on agreeing numbers per LA for a baseline figure• Analysis will be given to CLG
    17. 17. Funding for Coordinator’sNational network of Troubled Family Coordinators ineach local councilOperate at a senior level to oversee the programme ofaction in their areaFunding weighted in proportion with the number offamilies in each local areaKey link person/s for VCS
    18. 18. Role of Coordinator’sGetting a grip on the numbers, names and locations ofthe families in their areaBring together local agencies (e.g. police, job centreplus, health organisations, schools) to put a robust planof action in place to deal with the familiesUsing the extra money provided to lever in the additionalmoney and resources needed for their local programmeTrack action to ensure the right approach is being takenwith the right families, problems are unblockedEnsure progress is tracked and monitored and fed backto the Central Troubled Families Team
    19. 19. The “New” ApproachPace and Scale 120,000 across the country TimeLine for robust and ambitious plansFocus Individual families Plans for each family which to map how to “turn around” Outcomes- out of crime, back in school and work and costing less.Paid for their successes, not failureRenewed emphasis on getting troubled families into work
    20. 20. What works with families
    21. 21. Where are Intensive support services now?De ring-fencing of grantsSeen a move to services not projectsEdge of care emphasis – savingsThere are 175 FIP/Services 71 are identified as Services  12 closing, 6 expanding, 25 reorganising 104 identified as FIPs  8 have confirmed closure, 9 expanding, 7 reorganising
    22. 22. The Future?Areas in very different positionsCommunity Budgets? Links to Troubled families – sameor different?Social Impact Bonds - EssexEvaluation – SROI/FROIPayment by ResultsWhat does this mean for families?
    23. 23. Wendy.Weal@interfaceassociates.co.uk www.interfaceassociates.co.uk 07584 314 571

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