Cra Round Table.Feb09

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  • Cra Round Table.Feb09

    1. 1. Ron Dembo Toronto, February24 2009 Our Opportunities in a low footprint economy
    2. 2. We live in a finite world (Courtesy Ed Burtynsky)
    3. 3. We don’t pay to (ab)use it (Courtesy Ed Burtynsky)
    4. 4. It didn’t seem to matter in 1950 but...
    5. 5. Growth in My lifetime
    6. 6. U.N. Report, October 25, 2007 “ Human activities have become a dominant influence on the planet’s climate and ecosystem”
    7. 7. U.N. Report, October 25, 2007 “ sixth major extinction of species has begun” First 440 million years ago Last 5 due to physical shocks This one is man made
    8. 8. Wildlife is Disappearing
    9. 9. The world is getting too small
    10. 10. 5.2 to 2 Hectares More trade More wealth More carbon More land use
    11. 11. Ecological Footprint by Country World Sustainability Limit Canada Italy World Avg.
    12. 12. Why is this relevant to us?
    13. 13. We consume 32 times as much as a person in a developing country!
    14. 14. Just 16% of the world's population, based in North America, Europe and Japan consumes 2/3 of the world's paper and ½ of its wood.                     
    15. 15. It’s clear, we have a problem…
    16. 16. CO2 Concentrations – the last 1000 years
    17. 17. Not a question of whether, but when, where and how much
    18. 18. Carbon Will be a very important commodity in the future!
    19. 19. Carbon Disclosure Project 385 Institutional Investors $57 trillion under management 3000 companies
    20. 20. Carbon Disclosure Project 321 companies out of S&P500 81% see global warming as a risk 33% say they have targets to curb emissions
    21. 21. Why is this relevant to us ?
    22. 22. Carbon CO2 per capita per country Source Wikimedia
    23. 23. Canada 14 Sweden 5 Tonnes per capita CO2 Emissions 2002 Which Country would you “short”? China 2 <ul><ul><ul><li>© Zerofootprint 2007 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rotman </li></ul></ul></ul>France 6
    24. 24. Canada waste per capita
    25. 25. Canada environment
    26. 26. Canada innovation
    27. 27. Carbon Sources Source: The Nature Conservancy Coal 26% Deforestation 25% Nat. Gas 15% Petroleum 31% Other 3% Where do we start?
    28. 28. We cannot ignore poverty and other indicators of sustainability
    29. 30. How Much is Enough? State of World Forests Source: World Resources Institute / Forest Ethics
    30. 31. This is one big problem!
    31. 32. <ul><li>No wonder… </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>most people feel disempowered </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and don’t know just how they can </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>contribute </li></ul></ul></ul>
    32. 33. Some facts…
    33. 34. Canadians vs. Swedes
    34. 35. Toronto citizens cover the GTA with a CO 2 blanket 3m thick each year!
    35. 36. So what can we do about it?
    36. 37. We will have to adapt… all things being equal low carbon footprint countries will outperform high carbon footprint countries
    37. 38. We will have to adapt… all things being equal low carbon footprint companies will outperform high carbon footprint companies
    38. 39. Top Companies of the Decade Source Business Week Company 2004 Sales ($ Billions) Metric Tons % Reductions <ul><li>DuPont </li></ul>$ 27.5 65 million 72 Reduced energy consumption 7% below 1990 levels, saving more than $2 billion – including at least $10 million a year by using renewable sources. 2. BP $ 285.1 12.8 million 10 Reached its 2010 GHG reduction target in 2001. Increased valuation by $650 million through improvements in operating efficiency and energy management 3. Bayer $ 36.7 4.9 million 63 Boosting energy efficiency also avoided $850 million in investments that otherwise would have been required, because production grew 22%
    39. 40. Top Companies of the Decade Source Business Week Company 2004 Sales ($ Billions) Metric Tons % Reductions 4. BT $ 18.5 1.6 million 71 Low-carbon and renewable sources provide 98% of its electricity in Britain, saving $1.1 billion. Adding 38% reduction in vehicle emissions almost doubles savings 5. Alcoa $ 23.5 8.9 million 26 Slashed emissions of perfluorocarbon (PFC) gas from aluminum smelters by 80%. Expects annual cost savings to reach $100 million next year 6. IBM $ 96.3 1.7 million 38 Tonnage cuts are from just higher energy efficiency. The reduction triples if other CO2 and PFC cleaning-solvent emissions are included. Total savings: $791 million
    40. 41. <ul><li>Must act in the best financial interest of all beneficiaries </li></ul><ul><li>Since climate change is a financial issue it is therefore a fiduciary issue </li></ul><ul><li>Implies : we must consider climate change scenarios when assessing risk </li></ul>Climate Change is Integral to The Firm Fiduciary Duty of Trustees Source: Mercer Consulting
    41. 42. The carbon we produce, the energy we use is Invisible!
    42. 43. We can use technology to make the invisible visible!
    43. 44. Imagine….
    44. 45. It’s about measuring so that we can manage
    45. 46. We need to be able to measure carbon everywhere products / supply-chain / operations This is: Enterprise Carbon Management (ECM)
    46. 50. Some (minimal) Science
    47. 51. Some facts… Source: Cisco,CUD08 What world do you want to live in?
    48. 52. 450 500 2 3 4 10% of species lost 15 - 40% of species lost 1 – 4 billion people face water shortages 20 – 50% species lost Some Large cites submerged Source: IPCC Choose your target Average Temperature Rise ( 0 C) What Happens Model Prediction 550 600 Stabilizing at 500ppm means a 50% chance of exceeding 3 0 C
    49. 53. How to stabilize at 500 ppm ? > 2 o C for sure > 4 o C unlikely
    50. 54. j j 26 tons/person 1 ton/person 2008 2050 ? Our challenge j 2100 2 tons/person Source: Stern 2008
    51. 55. This is one big problem!
    52. 56. So what can we do about it?
    53. 57. The way we use electricity is dumb!
    54. 58. Source Forbes Nov 2007 What Happens When we get Smart? 50% reduction in peak demand
    55. 59. ICT is part of the problem today (>2%) but also a big part of the solution
    56. 60. We can use technology to change the way we work
    57. 61. 3.3 Tonnes CO2e My recent talk “in Vancouver”
    58. 62. %GHG emissions from the operations of buildings Toronto 63% New York 79% London 52% Hong Kong 73%
    59. 63. 40% of total US energy consumption and GHG can be attributed to operating buildings heat; light; cooling; hot water Another 8% to the materials used All SUV’s in North America = 3% Source: Mazria SUV’s = 3%
    60. 64. The Built Space Toronto Source: Towerrenewal.com
    61. 65. Skin Renewal Source: Towerrenewal.com
    62. 66. We can re-skin our cities
    63. 67. 63% of Toronto’s GHG emissions are from operating buildings Zerofootprint’s Skin Renewal Award
    64. 68. The application of over-cladding, ground-source heating and cooling, solar and other renewable energy initiatives can cut energy use and carbon output by 70% or more. Source: Ted Kesik Solution
    65. 69. Skin Renewal
    66. 70. Skin Renewal Up to 70% reduction in GHG + Aesthetics!
    67. 71. Examples of Skin Renewal
    68. 72. Examples of Skin Renewal
    69. 73. The Mayor’s Tower Renewal Project in Toronto 1000 buildings!
    70. 74. The Zerofootprint re-skinning Competition <ul><li>Worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on existing buildings in Ontario </li></ul><ul><li>OCAD, Waterloo, Tridel, City </li></ul>
    71. 75. <ul><li>5 Criteria </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aesthetics </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reproducibility </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Smarts </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    72. 76. Our buildings are dumb!
    73. 77. This car has more smarts than our cleverest building!
    74. 78. We can use technology to make our buildings smart
    75. 79. Lots of buildings, Lots of appliances… Source:Regenenergy … but none of them communicate !
    76. 80. Communication enables efficient energy use Source:Regenenergy
    77. 81. Electricity Gas 3 Essential Utilities of past Information New Utility Water © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 2007 WW UCPS Source : Cisco A New Utility
    78. 82. Unified Infrastructure High-Speed Internet IP Telephony Audio and Video Conferencing Interactive media Visitor management VPN Wireless Digital signage Tenant Services and Technologies HVAC- Sensors Energy Mgmt Building Services and Technologies Physical Security Source:Cisco Fire 24/7 Monitor Elevators Lighting
    79. 83. Measuring Carbon Emissions w/ Zerofootprint ZFP-GUI Service bus / Internet – Network is the Platform Information visualization Emission Factors Carbon Engine Emissions Offsets Client Data Carbon Intelligence Data Collection Connected Real Estate REGENenergy Triacta Richards-Zeta Smart Building Technical Architecture Source:Cisco
    80. 84. We can influence our supply chain
    81. 85. Carbon in the Supply Chain
    82. 86. We can use technology to optimize appliance use
    83. 87. We can use technology to engage employees around climate change
    84. 89. Green Credits Creating a green culture in Canada
    85. 90. The world.. … .is thinking only in terms of Cap and Trade systems or Carbon Tax regimes as a means of reducing carbon in our economies. These make sense for large emitters. These are either too difficult for most consumers and are simply punitive ways of seeking to price carbon.
    86. 91. An alternative… For every verified action that a citizen takes to reduce his or her footprint he/she is awarded Green Credits . The credits are redeemable as tax deductions . E.G. one Green Credit for one tax dollar
    87. 92. For example… In any given year… Reducing electricity consumption by 1Kw = 1 GC Buying a low carbon emissions car = 3000 GC’s Insulating your home = 1000 GC’s Installing ground source heating = 2500 GC’s Reducing water consumption by 10Liters = 1 GC etc .
    88. 93. 2 Tier System Tax large emitters of carbon Use tax revenue to fund Green Credits for individuals and small businesses (equalization)
    89. 94. Think Frequent Flyer Miles! Here it is how it works…..
    90. 95. CASE STUDY ONE The Householders: Helen and James Photo Credit: makelessnoise <ul><li>Live in a semi-detached urban house </li></ul><ul><li>Hear about Green Credits everywhere </li></ul><ul><li>James signs up via Green Credits website </li></ul><ul><li>Opt-in to receive data automatically </li></ul><ul><li>Email monthly statements and special promotions </li></ul><ul><li>Yearly statement </li></ul><ul><li>Tax deduction </li></ul>
    91. 96. CASE STUDY TWO The Service Provider: Mike Photo Credit: Unhindered by Talent <ul><li>Family plumbing and heating business </li></ul><ul><li>Learns about Green Credits at industry event </li></ul><ul><li>Enrolls and validates via website </li></ul><ul><li>Welcome package and credentials </li></ul><ul><li>Registers new work on Green Credits website </li></ul><ul><li>Client receives automated confirmation email </li></ul>
    92. 97. CASE STUDY THREE The Small Business: Haydn Software Photo Credit: KitKitNet <ul><li>Web design specialists </li></ul><ul><li>Doing green already </li></ul><ul><li>Signs up with Operations Manager </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Receives credits for insulation and equipment upgrades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future benefits for upgrading to hybrid vehicles </li></ul></ul>
    93. 98. CASE STUDY FOUR Green Credits Trading: Joe and Al Photo Credit: Pigliapost <ul><li>Joe pays 40% </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Credits = $0.40 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Al pays 20% </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Credits = $0.20 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Joe buys from Al at $0.30 </li></ul>Photo Credit: Special*Dark
    94. 99. <ul><li>Green Credits </li></ul><ul><li>vs Cap and Trade / Carbon Tax for individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to understand….well tried model </li></ul><ul><li>Positive reinforcement </li></ul><ul><li>A single “currency” for green initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by future benefits - not a burden to the taxpayer </li></ul><ul><li>A way to streamline and unify all green government initiatives and remove fiscal inefficiencies – single Internet-based sign-on for all government programs </li></ul>
    95. 100. Offsets
    96. 101. The Role of Offsets
    97. 103. Who are we?
    98. 104. Software for measuring and managing carbon. Social Networking and Carbon Cities /Universities/ Hospitals/ Schools Social change projects - Congo Creation, packaging and retailing of innovative offsets . Large Scale Initiatives : Green Credits Reskinning the Built Space
    99. 105. Selected Clients
    100. 106. The End [email_address] www.zerofootprint.net

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