Review of sport and physical activity in gloucestershire
Review of Sport andPhysical Activity in Gloucestershire 2012 Brought to you by Active Gloucestershire,Gloucestershire’s County Physical Activity and Sports Partnership www.activegloucestershire.org Active Gloucestershire Ltd. Oxstalls Campus, University of Gloucestershire, Oxstalls Lane, Gloucester, GL2 9HW
AimsThis presentation is designed to inform and educate with aview to improving the number and quality of all forms ofsport and physical activity opportunities in Gloucestershire.Active Gloucestershire works to get as many people aspossible involved in sport and physical activity. We are partof a wide range of organisations in Gloucestershire thatput health and well being at the heart of what we do.
The importance of sport and physical activity Physical activity is important for reducing risk factors for chronic diseases including high blood pressure, overweight and obesity (World Health Organisation, 2007). People who are physically active, either through playing sport regularly or taking part in other forms of physical activity, are much less likely than sedentary individuals to develop health problems (Blair et al. 2001). Sport and physical activity play a huge role in our communities by bringing people closer together and potentially helping address many social problems including crime and social deprivation.
About Gloucestershire 17% 19% 13% 12% • Adults aged 35 to 54 years old represent the largest 11% section of Gloucestershire’s population. 28% • By 2033 it is projected that approximately 27.8% of the population (187,600 people) will be aged 65 years and over.0-14 years 15-24 years 25-34 years • With an age profile skewed towards older aged adults it is35-54 years 55-64 years 65+ years likely that provision for sport and physical activity participation in Gloucestershire will increasingly need to reflect specific needs and preferences. • 28 of the Lower Super Output Areas in Gloucestershire are among the most deprived 20% nationally, 7 of these 28 are within the most deprived 10% nationally (Government Office for the South West, 2008). 3 Lower Super Output Areas (Matson and Robinswood, Podsmead and St Paul’s in Cheltenham) are within the most deprived 5% nationally. In total, more than 42,000 people live in areas of high social deprivation.
Gloucestershire’s healthApproximately 80% of local people reportoverall good health.In keeping with national trends the threemain causes of death and serious illness arecirculatory diseases (heart disease andstrokes), cancers and respiratorydiseases, such as asthma and chronicobstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (NHSGloucestershire, 2010).Assuming Gloucestershire’s adult populationstands at approximately 493,000 people(Office for National Statistics, 2011), anobesity level of 25% equates to roughly 123,00people. This has serious implications forindividuals and the county as a whole.Evidence indicates that the financialconsequence in 2009 of treating conditionsassociated with obesity in Gloucestershirewas £7.5m (Department of Health, 2009).
Young people’s participation in sport and physical activityApproximately one in five children in school years 6 and 10 do less than two hours of physicalactivity a week (NHS Gloucestershire, 2010).In 2009/10, 45% of 16 to 19 years olds in Gloucestershire participated in ‘3x30’ sport and activerecreation, an overall increase of only 8% since 2005/06 (Sport England, 2011b).72% of 16 to 19 years olds indicated that they were happy with local sports provision but morethan half (62%) indicated that they wanted to do more sport or recreational physical activitywhich suggest that the reasons for non, or limited participation are not simply about theprovision of opportunities or facilities.It is concerning that there has not been a significant increase in the numbers of young adultsreceiving coaching or sports tuition (42% in 2009/10) or participating in competitive sportLocal data (Owens, 2010) show that of the pupils in Year 11 (16-17 year olds) who did do someform of sport and physical activity, approximately 80% were not meeting the minimumrecommended levels either during Year 11 or after completing compulsory education.Overall, the number of 16-17 year olds meeting the minimum recommended levels for sportand physical activity participation declined from approximately 14% in Year 11 to only 9% in theperiod after leaving school.
Adult participation in sport and physical activity The Active People Survey (APS) provides the largest sample size ever established for a sport and recreation survey. APS is now in its 6th phase. A number of indicators (KPIs) measure various dimensions of participation including National Indicator 8 which tracks people who participate in at least 3 sessions of moderate sport and/or active recreation each week (3x30).KEY FINDINGS: Figure 13: Percentage of adults (16+) in Gloucestershire participating in at least 3x30 (NI8) since 2005/061. Gloucestershire has shown a strong trend in comparison with the regional average since 2005/06.2. Recent data (2012) shows a statistically significant2 increase for NI8, representing the largest improvement regionally.3. It is concerning that there has been a downward trend since APS4 (2009/2010) which suggests that maintaining increases in participation presents a significant and on-going challenge.
Other frequencies of participationThere are large variations within thecounty indicating that participation isuneven. Comparison of None, 1x30, 3x30 and 5x30 for Gloucestershire districts.We should be encouraged that %approximately 60% of local people areparticipating in at least one weekly sessionof moderate intensity sport or physicalactivity (1x30)Approximately 25% are participating in in atleast 5x30.It is a concern that a large proportion(approximately 27%) of local people reportdoing no sport or physical activity at all.
Sport in Gloucestershire Increasing adult participation in sport is a Participation in 1x30 Sport in Gloucestershire core governmental objective and forms part since 2005/2006 39.0% of a wider strategy that aspires to maximise 38.0% English sporting success in all its forms 37.0% (Sport England, 2008). 36.0% 35.0% Recent data (2012) highlights that 34.0% Gloucestershire has shown a consistent 33.0% upward trend in 1x30* since the Active 32.0% People Survey first began in 2005/2006). APS1 APS2 APS3 APS4 APS5 Apr 11 - (05-06) (07-08) (08-09) (09-10) (10-11) Apr 12* 1x30 refers to 1 session of sport a week i.e. at least 4 sessions of at least moderate intensity for at least 30 minutes in the previous 28 days)
Sports facilities in GloucestershireLatest data from Sport England (2011a) indicates that thereare 926 sporting facilities in Gloucestershire of which themajority are grass pitches.
Sports clubs in GloucestershireIn 2008, the average number of adult club members was 72, and 71 junior members.Overall, approximately 80% were maintaining their adult and junior memberships.Across the sample, 17% reported that membership was increasing.Main sources of club income: Main sources of club expenditure: Source: CCPR (2009).
SummarySport and physical activity should be used as a means to tackling a wide range of issues includinghealth and well-being, crime and social deprivation but more needs to be understood about thenature of local contextual factors affecting participation, including social deprivation and culturalfactors.Approximately 60% of local people now participate in at least one weekly session of moderateintensity sport or physical activity (1x30) per week although a large proportion (approximately 27%)of local people still report doing no sport or physical activity at all (worse within certain areas).The number of Gloucestershire adolescents meeting the minimum recommended levels for sportand physical activity participation declines between Year 11 and the period after leaving school.The new Youth and Community Strategy for Sport is cognizant of the fact that young people areincreasingly turning their backs on sport participation when they leave school and thatapproaches, to date, are not working. Whilst efforts to increase participation in schools havehistorically proved successful it remains to be seen what the investment in new opportunities forthose aged between 14 and 25 years will yield.
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