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Web Accessibility: Overview and Paths to Success

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Everyone, regardless of ability, should be able to use the web.

Web Accessibility: Overview and Paths to Success
But when an estimated 15 percent of the world’s population is differently abled, companies must develop a plan to make their technology as accessible as possible to the widest audience possible.

Join Acquians Danielle Sheffler and Rob Fitzgibbon for 45 minutes (plus a question-and-answer portion) as they give a overview of web accessibility and the following topics:

Brief overview of Accessibility
WCAG Level AA
Tools promoting Accessibility
Audits and Strategies for Compliance
Next Steps: Solutions, Tools, further help

Published in: Technology
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Web Accessibility: Overview and Paths to Success

  1. 1. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Web Accessibility: Overview and Paths to Success Danielle Sheffler, Sr. Program Manager, Professional Services Rob Fitzgibbon, UX Manager
  2. 2. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Agenda – Introductions – Accessibility Overview – WCAG Level AA – Tools for Accessibility Testing – Accessibility and Drupal 8 – Next Steps
  3. 3. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Introductions Rob Fitzgibbon Danielle Sheffler
  4. 4. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Accessibility Overview
  5. 5. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Accessibility Overview – Definition of Accessibility – Accessibility Facts – Who needs accessibility – Accessibility laws throughout the world – Difference between accessibility, 508 compliance, and ADA
  6. 6. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary What is Accessibility? – “...Web accessibility means that people with disabilities can use the Web. More specifically, Web accessibility means that people with disabilities can perceive, understand, navigate, and interact with the Web, and that they can contribute to the Web. Web accessibility also benefits others, including older people with changing abilities due to aging.” https://www.w3.org/WAI/intro/accessibility.php
  7. 7. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Accessibility Facts – More than a billion people are estimated to live with some form of disability – 15% of the world’s population – The number of people with disabilities is growing as national populations grow older and global chronic health conditions, such as diabetes, increase – Using digital technologies can be a problem not just for the visually impaired but a much wider section of the community. – By making websites and digital technologies accessible, we help to create an inclusive environment for people with a disability
  8. 8. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Who Needs Accessibility and Why? – Everyone! – Ability to be temporarily disabled – Universal Design
  9. 9. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Examples of Accessibility Regulations – Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) – Series of web accessibility guidelines published by the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), the main international standards organization for the Internet. WCAG standards come in 3 sizes (A, AA, AAA) – https://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/) – Americans with Disabilities Act (1990) – Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 – Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 – Canadian Government Standard on Web Accessibility (2011) – UK Equality Act 2010 – Australia Disability Discrimination Act 1992 (DDA) – India Guidelines for Indian Government Websites
  10. 10. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary WCAG Level AA
  11. 11. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary WCAG Level AA – Why Level AA is the standard – Basic rules and principles/resources
  12. 12. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Why WCAG Level AA is the standard – Level A: This involves the smallest amount of implementation effort and has the lowest impact on the presentation and business logic on your site. – Level AA: This has a high impact for users and makes a higher impact on the system’s presentation and business logic. Most businesses choose to focus on Level AA. – Level AAA: These changes are usually for specific user populations and can be very difficult to adhere to.
  13. 13. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary WCAG Level AA Rules and Principles WCAG - technical standard that has 12 guidelines under 4 principles – Perceivable - users must be able to perceive the information being presented – Can't be invisible to all of their senses – Operable – Users must be able to operate the interface – Interface cannot require interaction that a user cannot perform – Understandable – Content or operation cannot be beyond their understanding – Robust – Content must be robust enough that it can be interpreted reliably by a wide variety of user agents, including assistive technologies
  14. 14. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Tools for Accessibility Testing
  15. 15. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Tools for Accessibility Testing – Screen Reader – Automated Testing
  16. 16. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Tools for Accessibility Testing: Screen Readers – JAWS for PC – Narrator for PC (free) – Apple VoiceOver (free)
  17. 17. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Tools for Accessibility Testing: Automated Testing – WAVE – WAVE plugin for Firefox or Chrome (if behind firewall)
  18. 18. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Tools for Accessibility Testing: Automated Testing aXe plugin
  19. 19. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Tools for Accessibility Testing: Automated Testingpa11y
  20. 20. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Accessibility and Drupal 8
  21. 21. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary How does accessibility fit into Drupal 8? – What is in Drupal 8 out of the box? – What can you add to your site to assist with compliance?
  22. 22. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary What is in Drupal 8 out of the box? – WAI-ARIA landmarks, live regions, roles & properties – Drupal.announce( ) to provide timely messages to aural users – Controlled tab order – Fieldsets for forms and advanced search – jQuery UI delivering autocomplete – Alt text is required – Accessible form errors
  23. 23. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Additional Modules – Automatic Alternative Text – CKEditor Accessibility Checker – High contrast – Siteimprove – Text Resize Note: Acquia has not evaluated these modules for security and adherence to Drupal best practices https://www.drupal.org/docs/8/accessibility/contributed-modules-for-extending-accessibility-in-drupal-8
  24. 24. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Next Steps
  25. 25. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Suggested Next Steps – Begin testing your homepage and top 20 pages that are most important to the business and most viewed according to analytics – Ensure that all new code and content being added to your site is accessible – Utilize checklists sent out after webinar – Contact Acquia Subject Matter Experts with offerings you may be interested in
  26. 26. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Contact Information Danielle Sheffler, Sr. Program Manager, Professional Services danielle.sheffler@acquia.com Rob Fitzgibbon, UX Manager robert.fitzgibbon@acquia.com
  27. 27. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Thank You
  28. 28. ©2018 Acquia Inc. — Confidential and Proprietary Resources – WCAG Level AA Requirements and Techniques – JAWS User Manual – Narrator User Manual – Apple VoiceOver User Manual – WAVE User Guide – aXe User Guide – Pa11y User Guide – Drupal 8 Accessibility – Additional Drupal 8 Accessibility Modules

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