The song of roland

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The song of roland

  1. 1. The Song ofRoland
  2. 2. The earliest extant poem of substantial length in Old French and the best known “chanson de geste” (song of heroic deeds)
  3. 3. Chanson de geste is a French type of medieval narrative poem, intended to be sung or chanted and purporting to have some basis in French history.
  4. 4. The Song of Roland (La Chanson de Roland) describes a series of fabulous exploits, usually involving Charlemagne and his Paladins, the Twelve Peers
  5. 5. Paladins are palace officials or protagonists of a cause.
  6. 6. Characters:Roland – the king’s nephew; his “right hand” and renowned retainer; has a horn named Olifant whose distinctive blast can be recognized 30 leagues away
  7. 7. He has a sword named“Durendal” and AngelGabriel appears beforehim at critical momentto warn and to advise.
  8. 8. In Italian version, he was called Orlando. In Spanish version, he was called Roldan.
  9. 9. Charlemagne –the king of France and the leader of crusades who favored Roland; in French history, he was known as Charles the Great
  10. 10. Ganelon – Roland’s stepfather who was the cause of destruction of Roland’s army; conspires with the King Marsilla to destroy Roland
  11. 11. Oliver – Roland’s bestfriend; brave but unlikeRoland, he was prudentbut blunt in his mannerand action
  12. 12. King Marsilla – the king who did the conspiracy with GanelonAlde – the love interest of Roland
  13. 13. The epic was divided into three parts:2. The Treachery of Ganelon3. Roncesvalles – the pass where the battle is fought4. The Reprisals – shows Charlemagne’s revenge
  14. 14. Subject Matter:Customs, manners and attitudes of French at their dayFeudal relationships and feudal loyalties
  15. 15. The crusades and the infidelWarrior virtue of valorFeudal virtue of loyaltyChristian virtue of humility
  16. 16. The Cross versus the CrescentThe victory of the Cross over the Crescent
  17. 17. Conflicts:Between Christian truth and heathen errorBetween Ganelon and Roland as individuals
  18. 18. Symbolisms:Charlemagne – is a symbol of feudal system and his countryGanelon – is a symbol of treachery and betrayal, envy and jealousy
  19. 19. Roland – is a symbol of private revenge and the public good which treachery endangers; also a symbol of divine justice and bravery
  20. 20. Oliver – is asymbol ofwisdom andprudence
  21. 21. The Cross symbolizes Christianity while the Crescent symbolizes Moslem faith.
  22. 22. Roland sufered his own “hamartia” .The tragic hero ought to bring misfortune upon himself.
  23. 23. Roland is responsible for his own downfall.The hero was blinded with his own desire and recklessness.
  24. 24. Roland’s hamartia:2. Roland’s pursuit of glory gave tragic results of his recklessnes.
  25. 25. 2. Roland’s desire for future military fame induced him to disregard the immediate crisis.
  26. 26. 3. Roland’s choice to risk destruction rather than the possibility of being called a coward.
  27. 27. At the opening of the poem, he is proud, insensitive and headstrong. At the end, he recognizes that his behavior was not heroic.
  28. 28. The aspect of plot that was used was recognition or anagnorisis.
  29. 29. The epic shows the social order in France during the middle ages and that is to fight for God, king and country.
  30. 30. The glory of Christian France is shown in having Charlemagne as the symbol of these loyalty, religious, feudal and national.
  31. 31. Themes:Right and truth triumph over the evil and sin.God’s will will manifest itself through combat or duet.
  32. 32. Medias res was used (i.e. the action begins in the middle) Right away, readers are told that Charlemagne has just finished his Spanish campaign and is about to return home.

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