Ar rsm data collection methods


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Ar rsm data collection methods

  1. 1. DATA COLLECTION METHODS week 4 topic 8 The three primary data collection techniques are: Experiencing Enquiring Examining 1rsm/ar/topic 8/cht.1_2014
  2. 2. Experiencing • Teachers undertaking action research have countless opportunities to observe in their own classrooms. They observe as a normal part of their teaching--monitoring and adjusting instruction based on verbal and non- verbal interactions in their classrooms 2rsm/ar/topic 8/cht.1_2014
  3. 3. Enquiring • Interviews • Questionnaires • Surveys 3rsm/ar/topic 8/cht.1_2014
  4. 4. Examining • This third category for data collection techniques suggests a “catch all” term to describe everything else that a teacher researcher may collect. Again, many of these data sources are naturally occurring and require only that the teacher locate them within the school setting. 4rsm/ar/topic 8/cht.1_2014
  5. 5. Examining • Archival sources. • Journals. • Artifacts 5rsm/ar/topic 8/cht.1_2014
  6. 6. Archival Sources • Archival sources may include: – Attendance rates – Retention rates – Discipline referrals – Dropout rates – Suspension rates – Standardized test scores 6rsm/ar/topic 8/cht.1_2014
  7. 7. Journals • The journal acts as a narrative technique for recording events and feelings that are important to the teacher researcher. • Journals are records of classroom life. • Journals capture the essence of what is happening with students in classrooms. • Journals are more than a single data source. They are an ongoing attempt by teachers to systematically reflect on their practice by constructing narrative that honors the unique and powerful voice of the teachers’ language. 7rsm/ar/topic 8/cht.1_2014
  8. 8. Artifacts • Classrooms are a rich source of artifacts-- written or visual sources of data that contribute to our understanding of what is happening in our classroom. • This category might include student portfolios. 8rsm/ar/topic 8/cht.1_2014
  9. 9. Anecdotal Records • The term “anecdote” means a short narrative or story • It is told or recorded in “past” tense • Form of recording observations of children 9rsm/ar/topic 8/cht.1_2014
  10. 10. When will you observe? • Children engaged in an activity or interaction with others • The observation starts when the child begins to engage in an activity or an interaction and finishes when the child stops participating • Record your observation as soon as possible after the event to ensure that you remember significant information eg. Direct quotes, hand preference. 10rsm/ar/topic 8/cht.1_2014
  11. 11. What will you record? • Record what you see or hear - objectively Body language, facial expressions, tone of voice and direct quotes (if you can) • Focus on information that is significant • Record in sequence – no gaps • The reader of the record should be able to understand the sequence of events 11rsm/ar/topic 8/cht.1_2014
  12. 12. How will you record? • Use the format provided on the CD • Record child’s first name and age in years and months eg. (2.3) • Record observers name and date of observation • Offer a purpose for the observation eg. To identify gross motor skills • Describe the setting eg. Sandpit with a carer during outside play 12rsm/ar/topic 8/cht.1_2014
  13. 13. What do we use anecdotal records for? • Useful for recording significant events that tell us something about the child’s development, interests, strengths, emerging skills and needs. • Anecdotal observations may focus on one area of development or skill or several areas at once. 13rsm/ar/topic 8/cht.1_2014
  14. 14. Diaries • Diaries have the added advantage of soon becoming reflective, that is you will find yourself writing down private thoughts which can be enormously illuminative about your own understandings and biases. • It is not unusual to find that a diary will at least provide a useful record of your activities. • At best it will become a reflective account of your activities and a major source of data 14rsm/ar/topic 8/cht.1_2014
  15. 15. TUTORIAL TASK 1. Read the extracts taken from a research article. 2. What data collection methods did the researchers use in the research? Discuss. 3. Did the data collection answer each of the research questions? Discuss. 4. Which data collection methods would you use/suggest to ensure a richer data in this research? Why? 15rsm/ar/topic 8/cht.1_2014