JBP-1/Lesson 13 /Giving and Receiving

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JBP-1, Lesson 13, Giving and Receiving Grammar Note

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JBP-1/Lesson 13 /Giving and Receiving

  1. 1. Lesson 13 Lesson Recap
  2. 2. 1. Reviewing the giving and Receiving Japanese people like gifts One thing about Japanese culture is that they're big on giving gifts. There are many different customs involving giving and receiving gifts (お歳暮、お中元、etc.) and when Japanese people go traveling, you can be sure that they're going to be picking up souvenirs to take back as gifts. Even when attending marriages or funerals, people are expected to give a certain amount of money as a gift to help fund the ceremony. You can see why properly learning how to express the giving and receiving of favors and items is a very important and useful skill. For some reason, the proper use of 「あげます」 and 「もらいます」 has always haunted people studying Japanese as being horribly complex and intractable. I hope to prove in this lesson that it s conceptually quite straightforward and simple. oseibo ochuugen agemasu moraimasu
  3. 3. ex. スミスさんは チャンさんに はなを あげました。 person(giver) は に Object を sumisu san wa chan-san ni hana o agemashita wa ni o When to use あげます あげます is the Japanese word for "to give". You must use this verb when someone (as the giver) is giving something (as the object) to someone (as the receiver). The particle に is used to indicate to whom an object is delivered. Also when the subject of a sentence is the giver あげます is used. agemasu person(receiver) あげます。 agemasu ni agemasu Mr. Smith gave Ms. Chan some flower. *The verb あげます conjugates to the past form as あげました. * agemasu agemashita に
  4. 4. ex. チャンさん は スミスさんに はなを もらいました。 person(receiver) は に Object を chan-san wa sumisu-san ni hana o moraimashita wa ni o When to use もらいます もらいます is the Japanese word for "to receive". You must use this verb when someone (as the receiver) is receiving something (as the object) from someone (as the giver). The particle に is used to indicate from whom an object is delivered. Also when the subject of a sentence is the receiver もらいます is used. moraimasu person(giver) もらいます。 moraimasu ni Ms. Chan received some flower from Mr. Smith. *The verb もらいます conjugates to the past form as もらいました. * agemasu agemashita に moraimasu
  5. 5. • Asking whom, you should use the question word だれ(dare) = who with a particle に(ni) . Exercise 3 B) Ask and answer whom someone received something from. ex. A:スミスさんは だれに えいがの きっぷを もらいましたか。 B:チャンさんに もらいました。 Subject(person) は だれ に Object を か。 sumisu san wa dare ni eiga no kippu o moraimashitaka chan san ni moraimashita wa dare ni o ka Verb (past)
  6. 6. • Asking what, you should use the question word なに(dare) = what with a particle を(o) . Exercise 3 C) Ask and answer what someone gave to another. ex. A:スミスさんは チャンさんに なにを あげましたか。 B:えいがの きっぷを あげました。 Subject(person) は に なに を Verb (past) か。 sumisu san wa chansan ni nani o agemashitaka eiga no kippu o agemashita wa ni o kanani another person
  7. 7. • You should place a time expression right after the subject of the sentence with a particle に(ni) . Exercise 4. What you learn here in this exercise is adding a time expression as an event or an occasion in sentences, such as Christmas, Valentine s Day, and birthdays. ex. :すずきさんは クリスマスに チャンさんに でんしじしょを  あげました。 :チャンさんは クリスマスに すずきさんに でんしじしょを もらいました。 Subject(person) は に Verb (past) suzuki san wa kurisumasu ni chan san ni denshijisho o wa ni time expression You have to make up sentences or dialogues following the patterns of the examples and based on the information in the illustration. に ni another person Object を o 。 agemashitaka chan san wa kurisumasu ni suzuki san ni denshijisho o moraimashitaka
  8. 8. • Asking when, you should use the question word いつ(itsu) = when without any particle. Exercise 4 D) Ask and answer when someone gave something to another. Subject(person) は wa いつ に ni another person Object Verb (past) か。 ka を o ex. :すずきさんは いつ チャンさんに でんしじしょを あげましたか。 suzuki san wa itsu chan san ni denshijisho o agemashitaka Please follow appropriate rules with question words nani and dare for the rest of questions in the exercise.
  9. 9. あげます・もらいます の れんしゅう(1) a g e m a s u m o r a i m a s u n o r e n s h u u 例(れい/rei) ・ささきさんは たかはしさんに プレゼントを あげます。 ! ・たかはしさんは ささきさんに プレゼントを もらいます。 s a s a k i s a n w a t a k a h a s h i s a n n i p u r e z e n t o o a g e m a s u t a k a h a s h i s a n w a s a s a k i s a n n i p u r e z e n t o o m o r a i m a s u たかはしさん ささきさん ささきさん たかはしさん ささきさん ささきさん たかはしさん たかはしさん たかはしさん たかはしさん たかはしさん Note : a person who gives a hand is the giver Sasaki-san gives a present to Takahashi-san. Takahashi-san receives a present from Sasaki-san. Make あげます/もらいます sentences. The name for each picture should be the subject of the sentence.
  10. 10. (ルームメート) r ū m u m ē t o あげます・もらいます の れんしゅう(2) a g e m a s u m o r a i m a s u n o r e n s h u u : (わたしは)ちちに ウイスキーを あげます。 w a t a s h i w a c h i c h i n i u i s u k ī o a g e m a s u You have just come back from a trip. Look at the picture and tell what you will give to the following people. Ex. Ex.
  11. 11. (ビデオカメラ) bideo kamera あげます・もらいます の れんしゅう(3) a g e m a s u m o r a i m a s u n o r e n s h u u : (わたしは)かのじょに マフラーを もらいました。 w a t a s h i w a k a n o j o n i m a f u r ā o m o r a i m a s h i t a Look at the picture and make sentences using もらいました. m o r a i m a s h i t a Ex. Ex. (りょうしん) ryou shin
  12. 12. 「あげます」「もらいます」「くれます」の れんしゅう(4) Describe who gave what to whom using あげます, もらいます, and くれます. Ex. : きょうこさんは ビルさんに セーターを あげました。 agemasu moraimasu    kuremasu no renshuu kyoko san wa biru san ni seetaa o age mashita Biru Kyoko Mearii Takeshi Suu RobaatoNaomi Ken watashi

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