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Television On-Air Graphics: Accessibility Best Practices


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These best practices are designed to enable persons, who are legally blind or partially sighted the ability to maintain engagement and understanding of relevant graphic and text content presented on screen. They are not are not meant to limit creativity or the aesthetic variety of on-air graphics, rather they are meant to provide a model for inclusive design choices.

Being based upon the W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0, they offer an adaptation of the research and standards set forth by these guidelines. They have been developed following the "Guidance on Applying WCAG 2.0 to Non-Web Information and Communications Technologies (WCAG2ICT)" guidelines offered by the W3C.

While audio description offers insight into the visual only facets of television programming for those who are fully blind, many consumers possess some amount of sight. These best practices developed by Accessible Media Inc. (AMI) have been developed to serve all partially sighted audiences, by further extending the relevance of accessible media and the organizations efforts to make media accessible to all Canadians.

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Television On-Air Graphics: Accessibility Best Practices

  1. 1. Television On-Air Graphics: Accessibility Best Practices Accessible Media Inc. (AMI) Robert Pearson March 4th, 2015 10:00am PT 30th CSUN Conference San Diego
  2. 2. Accessible Media Inc. (AMI) Make accessible media for all Canadians • Overview
  3. 3. Accessible Media Inc. (AMI) • A not-for-profit • Three broadcast channels, website • Mandated as must-carry services for all providers • 20+ years of making media accessible
  4. 4. Accessible Media Inc. (AMI) • AMI-audio; magazines, books, local and original programs • AMI-tv; open described, closed captioned TV • • AMI-télé • DV Guide • Scholarship, Research Panel, DV Best Practices
  5. 5. On-Air Graphics Best Practices • Guidelines of best practices for the presentation of on-air graphics and text. • These guidelines are designed to enable people who are legally blind or low vision to maintain engagement and understanding of relevant graphic and text content presented. • These best practices are not meant to limit creativity of on-air graphics, but to provide a model for inclusive design choices.
  6. 6. Table of Contents • Size • Contrast • Duration • Font • Obscuration and Transitions
  7. 7. Advisory Techniques • Graphics and text over a patterned background or moving footage • Perspective Changes • Stroke/Border • Drop Shadows • Moving Text and Alignment • Font Styles for Lengthy Text • High Luminance or Saturated Red Flashes
  8. 8. Questions • What are the television viewing preferences of a blind and partially sighted audience? • How can we increase the effectiveness of the delivery of described video (through the presence of accessible graphics)? • How can accessibility standards developed for the web be applied to other mediums? • How does color contrast, font usage, spacing and other elements affect the visual message delivered to an audience with varying vision abilities?
  9. 9. More Questions • How can the delivery of accessible graphic content be of benefit to the widest possible audience? • What metrics and key performance indicators are proposed (can be utilized) to ascertain whether the planned accessibility measure meets its objectives? • How does new technology in TV manufacturing assist with making TV production more accessible? What challenges does it produce? (with a focus on the “new technology” being specifically of a purpose to support graphics)
  10. 10. Best Practices • On-Air Graphics Best Practices • (Attached PDF)
  11. 11. AMI Inside Example •
  12. 12. Points of Discussion • Serif fonts? • Death of Design? • Captioning • Description • Signing
  13. 13. Contact • • • Twitter: @a11ymedia • Facebook: Accessible Media Inc. • YouTube: • Slideshare: c/ami-csun15-gfx