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Building Digital Trust : The role of data ethics in the digital age

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Data is the biggest risk that is unaccounted for by businesses today. In the past, the scope for digital risk was limited to cybersecurity threats but leading organizations must now also recognize risks from lackluster ethical data practices. Mitigating these internal threats is critical for every player in the digital economy, and cannot be addressed with strong cybersecurity alone.

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Building Digital Trust : The role of data ethics in the digital age

  1. 1. Accenture Labs Building Digital Trust The role of data ethics in the digital age
  2. 2. 2 Data is the biggest risk that is unaccounted for by businesses today Copyright © 2016 Accenture All rights reserved.
  3. 3. 81% of executives agree that as the business value of data grows, the risk companies face from improper handling of data are growing exponentially Data ethics in the digital economy Copyright © 2016 Accenture All rights reserved. 3 80% of executives report strong demand among knowledge workers for increased ethical controls for data 83% of executives agree that trust is the cornerstone of the digital economy Accenture survey confirms importance of digital trust
  4. 4. Data ethics across the supply chain Every step of the data supply chain is an entry point for new classes of risk Copyright © 2016 Accenture All rights reserved. 4
  5. 5. Mitigating risks – Addressing External Concerns Data Supply Chain Step Lifecycle Phase Initiation Strategy Planning Design Executing Launch Monitoring Operation Closing Improvement Sample ethical questions to address external concerns Are data disclosers aware that they have disclosed data? Can they inspect it? Are they aware of how they disclosed this data (e.g. directly, tracking, derived)? Has intent for how the data will be used been communicated? What are the classes of harm that a bad actor or group of actors could cause if they had access to the entire set of aggregated data sources or any related analysis? Did the data discloser provide consent to this specific data use? Did any consent agreement make it clear that data could be used in this way? Do data disclosers expect control, ownership, remuneration, or transparency over the data they have disclosed if it is being shared or sold? Did they provide informed consent for this action? Are stakeholders aware of the time frame that their data will be retained? Would they be surprised to learn it still exists? Copyright © 2016 Accenture All rights reserved. 5 Implementing ethics assessments throughout the data supply chain can help mitigate these risks
  6. 6. Mitigating risks – Addressing Internal Concerns Data Supply Chain Step Lifecycle Phase Initiation Strategy Planning Design Executing Launch Monitoring Operation Closing Improvement Sample ethical questions to address internal concerns What methods were used to collect the data? Do collection methods align with best practices? Did data disclosers provide informed consent? What are the security risks with how the data is stored? What biases have been introduced during manipulation? Was an ethics review performed? Are the uses of the data consistent with the intentions of the discloser? What are the potential risks to the organization if a watchdog group knew the data was used in this way? Does the act of sharing or selling data enhance the experience for the data discloser (not including the data seller’s own ability to operate)? Is there another way to share or sell this data that would increase transparency? Should the original discloser be notified? Is metadata being retained? Are there any disaster recovery archives that have copies of the data? Copyright © 2016 Accenture All rights reserved. 6 Implementing ethics assessments throughout the data supply chain can help mitigate these risks
  7. 7. DATA AT REST Data Disclosure Data may be sourced from archives or other backups Guideline: Ensure the context of original consent is known and respected; data security practices should be revisited on a regular basis to minimize risk of accidental disclosure. Aggregation of data from multiple sources often represents a new context for disclosure; have the responsible parties made a meaningful effort to renew informed consent agreements for this new context? Data Manipulation Data is stored locally without widespread distribution channels; all transformations happen locally Guideline: Set up a secure environment for handling static data so the risk of security breaches is minimized and data is not mistakenly shared with external networks. Data movement and transformation should be fully auditable. Data Consumption Data analytics processes do not rely on live or real-time updates Guideline: Consider how comfortable data disclosers would be with how the derived insights are being applied. Gain consent, preferably informed consent, from data disclosers for application-specific uses of data. Informed consent and avoiding harm To maximize digital trust, organizations must practice a “do no harm” ethos and strive for informed consent from data subjects Copyright © 2016 Accenture All rights reserved. 7
  8. 8. DATA IN MOTION Data Disclosure Data is collected in real-time from machine sensors, automated processes, or human input; while in motion, data may or may not be retained, reshaped, corrupted, disclosed, etc. Guideline: Be respectful of data disclosers and the individuals behind the data. Protect the integrity and security of data throughout networks and supply chains. Only collect the minimum amount of data needed for a specific application. Avoid collecting personally identifiable information, or any associated meta-data whenever possible. Maximize preservation of provenance. Data Manipulation Data is actively being moved or aggregated; data transformations use multiple datasets or API calls which might be from multiple parties; the Internet may be used Guideline: Ensure that data moving between networks and cloud service providers is encrypted; shared datasets should strive to minimize the amount of data shared and anonymize as much as possible. Be sure to destroy any temporary databases that contain aggregated data. Are research outcomes consistent with the discloser’s original intentions? Data Consumption Data insights could be context-aware, informed by sensors, or might benefit from streamed data or API calls Guideline: The data at rest guidelines for data consumption are equally important here. In addition, adhere to any license agreements associated with the APIs being used. Encrypt data. Be conscious of the lack of control over streamed data once it is broadcast. Streaming data also has a unique range of potential harms—the ability to track individuals, deciphering network vulnerabilities, etc. Informed consent and avoiding harm To maximize digital trust, organizations must practice a “do no harm” ethos and strive for informed consent from data subjects Copyright © 2016 Accenture All rights reserved. 8
  9. 9. Best practices for data sharing 94% of organizations are required to comply with ethical data handling requirements that go beyond their own protocols Copyright © 2016 Accenture All rights reserved. 9 1. Ongoing collaboration and mutual accountability are necessary between data sharing partners. 2. Build common contracting procedures, but treat every contract and dataset as unique. 3. Develop ethical review procedures between partners. 4. Be mutually accountable for interpretive resources. 5. Maximalist approaches to sharing are not always advisable. 6. Identify potential risks of sharing data within sharing agreements. 8. When ethical principles or regulations are unclear, emphasize process and transparency. 9. Published research requires additional attention. 10. Treat trust as a networked phenomenon. 7. Repurposed data requires special attention. Applying best practices for data sharing helps mitigate risk without sacrificing the value data-sharing agreements create
  10. 10. Building a code of data ethics—12 guidelines 1. The highest priority is to respect the persons behind the data. Copyright © 2016 Accenture All rights reserved. 10 2. Account for the downstream uses of datasets. 3. The consequences of utilizing data and analytical tools today are shaped by how they’ve been used in the past. 4. Seek to match privacy and security safeguards with privacy and security expectations. 5. Always follow the law, but understand that the law is often a minimum bar. 6. Be wary of collecting data just for the sake of having more data. For more in-depth description: https://www.accenture.com/ us-en/insight-data-ethics 7. Data can be a tool of both inclusion and exclusion. 8. As far as possible, explain methods for analysis and marketing to data disclosers. 9. Data scientists and practitioners should accurately represent their qualifications (and limits to their expertise), adhere to professional standards, and strive for peer accountability. 10. Aspire to design practices that incorporate transparency, configurability, accountability, and auditability. 11. Products and research practices should be subject to internal (and potentially external) ethical review. 12. Governance practices should be robust, known to all team members and regularly reviewed. i
  11. 11. Start building trust today The ethical treatment of data does not begin and end with a single project in today’s digital economy – it needs to become a core value across an organization The embodiment of these actions into an organizational code of data ethics is an opportunity for organizations to distinguish themselves as industry leaders both in product/service value and winning the trust of digital consumers As organizations move forward in the digital economy, embracing data ethics offers a way to engender trust and provide vital differentiation in a crowded marketplace Copyright © 2016 Accenture All rights reserved. 11

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