Acacia Forum Research Methodology


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Acacia Research and Learning Forum - Tutorial 1, 8 October 2009
Strengthening Theory and Methodology for ICT4D Research

Facilitator: Camilo Villa
Dakar, Senegal

Published in: Technology, Business
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Acacia Forum Research Methodology

  1. 1. Acacia Forum Research Methodology Project design, basic methods and techniques Camilo Villa: [email_address] Dakar, 8 October 2009
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>In particular, regarding the notions of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge types </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research paradigms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Situated research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research practices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By providing an overview of diverse collaborative tools and </li></ul><ul><li>By analysing emerging challenges in relation to ethics and responsibility as researcher </li></ul>This tutorial aims to provide you with concepts and tools that would contribute to strength your research competencies and collaborative practices.
  3. 3. Agenda <ul><li>Methodology and epistemology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Types of knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research paradigms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Situated research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research communities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing collaborative practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web tools for research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ethics and responsibility </li></ul>
  4. 5. First approach <ul><li>What did happen? </li></ul><ul><li>Who were involved and where? </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of conclusions you can make? </li></ul><ul><li>What caused the event to happen? </li></ul><ul><li>Which could be the future implications of this event? </li></ul>
  5. 7. Second approach <ul><li>Which is the context? </li></ul><ul><li>Which are the background considerations? </li></ul><ul><li>How would you explain the later event? </li></ul>
  6. 8. Types of knowledge Building-up: Usually, new knowledge is developed based on previous one ?
  7. 9. Descriptive: what, where, how, who, when Explanatory: why it happened Prescriptive: what could / should be done Evaluative: which where the consequences Predictive: is there another way to do it? What could happen?
  8. 10. Quantitative approach ?? Scope: large groups Trends: identify patterns and directions Means: averages, deviations Clusters: groups Lower costs
  9. 11. Qualitative approach Depth: more details Explanations: why it happened Context: localised knowledge Emerging: hidden knowledge Higher costs ??
  10. 12. Out-of-the-Box <ul><li>What is a paradigm? </li></ul><ul><li>How the position of the researcher influences the outcomes? </li></ul><ul><li>To what extent the paradigm is a secure framework or a barrier? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there room for creativity in doing research? </li></ul>
  11. 14. Situated Research <ul><li>Where do you stand? </li></ul><ul><li>Which is your paradigm? </li></ul><ul><li>What has been, done said? </li></ul><ul><li>Which kind of approaches have been used? </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of knowledge is needed? </li></ul><ul><li>Who needs the knowledge? </li></ul><ul><li>Which would be the use of this knowledge? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is paying for the research? </li></ul><ul><li>Which would be your audience? </li></ul>
  12. 15. Groups <ul><li>How did you collect data? Which problems did you face during that process? Which are the key lessons? </li></ul><ul><li>Which was your methodological approach: qualitative, quantitative, a blend? What have you learned in using it? </li></ul><ul><li>If you did a participatory research: which were the major gains and obstacles? </li></ul><ul><li>How women and men where involved, both as researchers and as part of the target group? Which were/are the major obstacles and how could they be overcome? </li></ul>Share with your colleagues key methodological lessons from your project(s); cover some of the following aspects:
  13. 16. Research communities <ul><li>Research practices </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 tools </li></ul>
  14. 17. Research practices <ul><li>Isolated </li></ul><ul><li>Performance based on publications </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy problems concerning the use of web tools </li></ul><ul><li>Different roles: core, explorers, starters, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Systematisation and continuity </li></ul>
  15. 18. Web 2.0 <ul><li>References: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mendeliev: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CiteUlike </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EndNote </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bookmarks/favourites: </li></ul><ul><li>Surveys: </li></ul><ul><li>Documents: </li></ul><ul><li>Presentations: </li></ul><ul><li>Files: </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs: </li></ul>
  16. 19. References <ul><li>BELL, S. J. (2006) Search Alternatives and Beyond. Educause Quarterly, 3 , 11-15. </li></ul><ul><li>FLICK, U. (2002) Qualitative research ± state of the artQualitative research ± state of the art. Social Science Information, 4 , 5-24. </li></ul><ul><li>GRANT, L. & BUFORD MAY, R. A. (1999) The Promises and Perils of Ethnography in the New Millennium: Lessons from Teaching. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 29 , 549-560. </li></ul><ul><li>MEYER, C. B. (2001) A Case in Case Study Methodology. Field Methods, 13 , 329-352. </li></ul><ul><li>RYAN, G. W. & BERNARD, H. R. (2003) Techniques to Identify Themes. Field Methods, 15 , 85-109. </li></ul><ul><li>SHARTS-HOPKO, N. C. (2001) Focus Group Methodology: When and Why? JOURNAL OF THE ASSOCIATION OF NURSES IN AIDS CARE, 12 , 89-91. </li></ul><ul><li>VERSCHUREN, P. & DOOREWARD, H. (1999) Designing a Research Project., Utrecht. , Lemma. </li></ul><ul><li>Just a Minute (N.D.). Lights of the city: </li></ul>
  17. 20. Thanks ! PS: There is customer service, I mean, post-sales support through the Acacia site and eventually via email: Merci ! Gracias !