Biotechnology in agriculture and BioInformatics in Agriculture

3,334 views

Published on

This presentation is final project of my course Bioinformatics back in 2010. Bioinformatics and biotechnology together has a great role in Agriculture.

Published in: Education

Biotechnology in agriculture and BioInformatics in Agriculture

  1. 1. BIOTECHNOLOGY IN AGRICULTURE The Future! 23rd of April, 2010 A presentation by Abubaker Siddiq Shekhani
  2. 2. Contents • Biotechnology • Areas of Applied Biotechnology • Conventional Methods • Cross-Breeding & Hybridization • Modern Biotechnology • Biotechnology in Agriculture • Benefits • Issues & Concerns • Bio-Informatics in Agriculture • Biotechnology in Pakistan
  3. 3. WHAT IS BIOTECHNOLOGY? ‘United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity’, defines biotechnology as: ‘Any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use’ http://www.biodiv.org/convention/convention.shtml
  4. 4. Biotechnology • Biotechnology is more than just a single technology • It is a field of biology that involves the use of living things in engineering, technology, medicine, etc • It includes working with the living cells and their molecules and has a wide range of uses to improve our lives
  5. 5. APPLIED AREAS OF BIOTECHNOLOGY
  6. 6. Conventional Methods • Cross-Breeding & Hybridization • Problems – Undesirable characteristics in offspring – Removing of undesirable traits is time-consuming http://www.scientificblogging.com/humboldt_fellow_and_science/blog/recent_advances_plant_biotechnology_applications_agriculture
  7. 7. MODERN BIOTECHNOLOGY Biotechnological techniques for the manipulation of genetic material and the fusion of cells beyond normal breeding barriers
  8. 8. Biotechnology in Agriculture • Genetic Engineering – Recombinant DNA – Example (Genetically Modified Crops) http://maps.grida.no/go/graphic/graphicid/B9D85E99-D4C3-124C-D41C-CD13A3D47164
  9. 9. Genetic Engineering • Genetically Modified Crop http://www.cfs.gov.hk/english/programme/programme_gmf/programme_gmf_er_res2.html
  10. 10. BIOTECHNOLOGY: WHY IN AGRICULTURE Responsible biotechnology is not the enemy; Hunger. Not have enough food at affordable prices; we cannot expect world health or peace Knowlede Inn, Initials. (2010, Feb 09). “Biotechnology in agriculture.” Retrieved from http://kninn.blogspot.com/2010/02/biotechnology- application-in_09.html
  11. 11. Why in Agriculture Source: www.wfp.org
  12. 12. BENEFITS
  13. 13. Benefits ? Crop Performance Environmenta l Resistant Crops Nutrition Supplement Pest resistant Crops Improved Size Reduced Dependence on Pesticides Higher Crop yields
  14. 14. Issues & Concerns • Health Effects • Ecological Risks • Lack of Consumer Acceptance • Food Safety Concerns
  15. 15. BIOINFORMATICS IN AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
  16. 16. Bioinformatics in Agricultural Biotechnology • Genome Analysis • Computational Analysis of Genome sequenced data • Identification of sequenced gene & gene expression pattern • Collection of databases helps in Genome Mapping
  17. 17. BIOTECHNOLOGY IN PAKISTAN •Agriculture constitutes the largest sector of our economy •It contributes about 24 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) •It accounts for half of employed labor force •It is the largest source of foreign exchange earnings Source: http://www.statpak.gov.pk/depts/fbs/statistics/agriculture_statistics/agriculture_statistics.html
  18. 18. Agriculture Subsector Share Subsectors Shares Crops 47.9 Livestock 49.6 Fisheries 1.6 Forestry 0.9 Source: Malik, Dr. Kauser. “Agricultural in Biotechnology potential for economic Pakistan: potential for economic development”
  19. 19. Biotechnology in Pakistan • Status – Use of biotechnology in agriculture sector started in 1985 – Currently there are 29 biotech centers • Institutes and Universities – Pakistan Biotechnology Information Center (PABIC) – 29 universities and government institutes are working in the field of biotechnology – Member of Convention of Biological Diversity, and World Trade Organization – Forman Christian College University, Lahore • Research Centers – National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering – Center of Excellence on Molecular Biology Source: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_7098/is_5_90/ai_n28490423/
  20. 20. Innovative aspects of Biotechnology and its better awareness and dissemination Source: http://www.pabic.com.pk/PABIC-launched-TV-channel.htm
  21. 21. GM Crops Development Crop Feature Cotton -Diamondback moth resistance with Bt gene - Virus (CLCuV) resistance with RNA interference (RNAi) Rice -Salt tolerance with Yeast and Arabidopsis Na+/H+ antiporter genes - Bacterial blight resistance with Xa21 gene Potato Virus resistance Sugarcane -Insect resistance with Cry gene - chloroplast transformation Tomato -Male sterility through RNAi - Virus (TLCV) resistance through RNAi Source: Malik, Dr. Kauser. “Agricultural in Biotechnology potential for economic Pakistan: potential for economic development”
  22. 22. Conclusion “Biotechnology is used in agriculture and the use of bioinformatics in agricultural biotechnology provides useful and efficient methods”

×