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1 Our Reformed and Baptist Heritage: Wycliffe and Hus


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Biographies of John Wycliffe and Jan Hus

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1 Our Reformed and Baptist Heritage: Wycliffe and Hus

  1. 1. Our Reformed and Baptist Heritage John Wycliffe & Jan Hus
  2. 2. –Iain Murray “Dr. Lloyd-Jones used to say that he read good biographies to humble himself. When he read them he realized how little he had done. Good biographies not only encourage us, but they do keep us humble, and they give us a greater ambition and a vision of what we should be.”
  3. 3. Overview 1100 180014001200 1300 1500 1600 1700 JonathanEdwards MartinLuther JohnCalvin JohnWycliffeJanHus TheCrusades TheInquisition CouncilofTrent TheWaldensians PapalTurmoil (TheGreatSchism) GirolamoSavonarola PrintingPress
  4. 4. John Wycliffe - Grandfather of the Reformation ❖ About 1329 - 1384 ❖ Lecturer in Philosophy at Oxford and preached at Lutterworth ❖ Wrote three major works: ❖ On Divine Dominion (1373-4) ❖ On Civil Dominion (1375-6) ❖ On the Truth of Sacred Scripture (1378)
  5. 5. Wycliffe - Grandfather of the Reformation ❖ Supported the government against the church’s claim to tax England ❖ Opposed Rome’s claim of the real presence of Christ in the Supper (transubstantiation) ❖ Opposed confession to a priest
  6. 6. Wycliffe - Grandfather of the Reformation ❖ Charged with heresy about 1377 ❖ Continued writing ❖ opposing indulgences ❖ in favor of justification by faith alone ❖ claimed that priests also sin
  7. 7. Wycliffe - Grandfather of the Reformation ❖ Began translating the Bible into English ❖ The Church objected, “By this translation, the Scriptures have become vulgar, and they are more available to lay, and even to women, who can read, than they were to learned scholars, who have a high intelligence. So the pearl of the gospel is scattered and trodden underfoot by swine.”
  8. 8. –John Wycliffe “Englishmen learn Christ's law best in English. Moses heard God's law in his own tongue; so did Christ's apostles.”
  9. 9. Wycliffe - Grandfather of the Reformation ❖ Wycliffe’s translation was from the Latin Vulgate ❖ It retains the order of words from Latin, even if they don’t make sense in English ❖ Can you recognize the part beginning at the capital “I”?
  10. 10. Wycliffe - Grandfather of the Reformation ❖ Wycliffe’s followers became known as the Lollards ❖ They spread his teachings throughout England ❖ Wycliffe’s translation was not complete at his death ❖ In 1384 Wycliffe died, probably of a stroke
  11. 11. Wycliffe - Grandfather of the Reformation ❖ Three days after his death, he was condemned as a heretic by the Church ❖ His books were ordered to be burned, and his body to be exhumed ❖ Twelve years later his body was exhumed and burned
  12. 12. Jan Hus - Czech ❖ 1374 - 1415 ❖ A priest and seminary professor, Hus followed Wycliffe’s teachings ❖ Hus denounced the moral failings of the clergy, opposed church doctrines which violated Scripture, objected to worship of images, and withholding the cup from the people at communion
  13. 13. Jan Hus - Czech ❖ Hus went, under a safe-conduct from the Emperor, to a council to defend his views in 1415 ❖ He was given no opportunity to defend his views, but was condemned and burned at the stake
  14. 14. Jan Hus - Czech ❖  “You are now going to burn a goose, but in a century you will have a swan which you can neither roast nor boil.” - Jan Hus  ❖ A century after the death of Hus in 1415, Luther posted his 95 Theses in Wittenberg in 1517.
  15. 15. 14th Century Issues ❖ Real presence in the elements, and participation in communion ❖ Immorality in the clergy ❖ Reading the Bible in common languages ❖ Purgatory and Indulgences ❖ Mediation by priests