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NAFF II - Aboriginal Aquaculture Engagement Initiative - What we heard - Chief Richard Harry


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NAFF II - Aboriginal Aquaculture Engagement Initiative - What we heard - Chief Richard Harry

  1. 1. Aboriginal Aquaculture Engagement Initiative – What We Heard Chief Richard Harry Executive Director Aboriginal Aquaculture Association
  2. 2. Aboriginal Aquaculture Engagement Initiative DFO and AANC partnered with 4 organizations to obtain input from First Nations regarding opportunities, challenges and constraints in aquaculture development • First Nations Fisheries Council (BC) • Assembly of First Nations (Central) • Atlantic Policy Congress of First Nations Chiefs (Atlantic) • Aboriginal Aquaculture Association of Canada 2
  3. 3. Aboriginal Aquaculture Engagement Initiative The AAEI was used to gather input to shape the agenda for NAFF II • Workshop participants told us what was important to them Input was obtained from First Nations and Aboriginal groups across the country • 17 Tier I meetings • 4 Tier II meetings 3
  4. 4. Tier 1 & Tier 2 MeetingsHost Organization Tier 1 Meetings Tier 2 MeetingsAAEI – NAFF MeetingsAtlantic Policy Congress of  Charlottetown PE  Moncton NBFirst Nations Chiefs  Port Hawkesbury NS  Fredericton NB  Listuguj QC  Conne River NLFirst Nations Fisheries Council  Courtenay BC  Vancouver BC (with AAA)  Kamloops BC  Masset BC  Nanaimo BC  Port Alberni BC  Port Hardy BC  Prince Rupert BCAboriginal Aquaculture Assoc’n  Nanaimo BC  Vancouver BC (with FNFC)Assembly of First Nations  Montreal QC  Saskatoon SKOther MeetingsAboriginal Aquaculture Assoc’n  Nanaimo BC (Dec 2011)Strategic Planning SessionsWaubetek Business  Sudbury ON (Mar 2012)Development Corporation  Sudbury ON (Sept 2012) 4
  5. 5. What We Heard Considerable interest in sustainable aquaculture development as a prospective area for employment and economic activity • Requires access to information, resources and expertise • Capacity building is a key requirement • Community buy-in is essential to successful economic development 5
  6. 6. What We Heard Development of a national strategy for aboriginal aquaculture development • Must be a collaborative and cooperative exercise between Aboriginal groups, governments and industry • Different issues in Atlantic, Pacific and inland regions must be recognized, respected and accommodated • There appears to be more issues in-common to all First Nations • Incorporate appropriate First Nations culture into development plans  e.g. “Mimajuaqn" - making a living from natural resources with conservation in mind 6
  7. 7. Guiding Principles for Aboriginal Aquaculture Development Respect for each First Nation’s autonomy Enhance economic development opportunities for each First Nation Implement shared decision-making and co-operative management of resources between each First Nation and government Ensure that First Nations realize the benefits from a sustainable aquaculture industry Promote both socioeconomic and environmental sustainabilitySource: First Nations submission to NASAPI 7
  8. 8. Opportunities Awareness First Nations are interested in aquaculture for business development, stock enhancement, youth opportunities and to complement traditional values Consideration should be given to both band- owned projects and to private businesses owned by Aboriginal groups or individuals First Nations would benefit from aquaculture backgrounders that describe opportunities in each region of the country 8
  9. 9. Planning Leadership & Governance First Nations require increased involvement in all aspects of planning, policy and management of aquaculture in traditional territories Protocol and Impact Benefit Agreements with aquaculture corporations can provide a platform for First Nations to assume a more substantive co- management role in the aquaculture industry Stable systems of corporate governance will enhance investor confidence, prospective partnerships and market access Greater cooperation between First Nations can stimulate successful economic development 9
  10. 10. Access to Sites It can be difficult to gain access to aquaculture production sites in traditional territories for First Nation ventures First Nations have insufficient autonomy regarding resource access In many cases, the best sites are already occupied The site application process is cumbersome and expensive (red tape) 10
  11. 11. Training & Skills Development The best approach seems to be via on-site training initiatives • reduced costs and complications associated with travel • ensures participants gain practical work experience Training must coincide with immediate employment opportunities Learn from other First Nations that have already developed aquaculture businesses • Critical success factors • Key pitfalls to avoid Management training is as important as technical training 11
  12. 12. Partnerships Explore partnership agreements with aquaculture corporations and with other First Nations First Nations should define proper consultation and engagement processes so the lack of consultation is not an obstacle Develop a partnership guidebook and deliver regional partnership workshops 12
  13. 13. Access to Capital Equity Gap – the comparative inability for a First Nation community or individual to attract investment capital for a commercial venture • Inability to pledge real and personal property on- reserve as collateral • Risk is widely perceived to be greater for First Nations ventures 13
  14. 14. Access to Capital "Asset Mapping" will help to identify First Nations’ capital that can be leveraged for economic development; e.g. • Aquatic and land-based natural resources • Human resources • Existing infrastructure • Supporting ventures and institutions (e.g. services ventures, training facilities, etc.) 14
  15. 15. Environmental Monitoring & Management Lack of confidence within First Nations communities regarding the environmental performance of the aquaculture sector First Nations involvement in delivery of environmental monitoring and reporting would improve confidence • Need to develop capacity to conduct environmental monitoring & reporting • Opportunity to participate in non-production side of aquaculture • Creation of employment opportunities in remote First Nations communities 15
  16. 16. Aboriginal Principles for Sustainable Aquaculture  Elements of the APSA: • Third party certification program developed by AAA • Transparency and First Nation (Aboriginal) Inclusiveness • Social Responsibility • Environmental Responsibility • Economic Responsibility  Ahousaht First Nation & Mainstream Canada • First to receive certification
  17. 17. Looking Ahead These issues will be further explored and discussed in the Aquaculture Session tomorrow • Many case studies will be presented • Ideas will be shared amongst First Nations Your participation and ideas are important • They will help to shape a national strategy for aboriginal aquaculture development • They will identify specific areas for resource investment • They will help to define the scope of a successful economic development plan 17
  18. 18.  Thank you for your attention 18