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SELF ESTEEM ISSUES IN ADOLESCENTS

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SELF ESTEEM ISSUES IN ADOLESCENTS

  1. 1. CORPER OREAGBA ABIOLA, (KW/14C/0542) BSc PYSCHOLOGY (OAU)
  2. 2. CONTEXTUAL DEFINITIONS 1. Individuality: The unique features, abilities and talents that differentiates each individual. 2. Personality: This is the some total of an individual’s characters, attitudes (feelings), believes, expressions and sentiments. 3. Adolescents: These are individuals or persons who fall under ages 9-19. Therefore, for the purpose of this talk, teenagers will also be referred to as adolescents .
  3. 3. SELF ESTEEM Self esteem can be defined as an individual’s overall evaluation of him/herself, including feelings of general happiness and satisfaction (Harter, 1999). Self esteem encompasses beliefs, perceptions, and emotions (feelings). Therefore, self esteem can be said to be the amount of value/ worth one places on him/her self based on his/her beliefs, perceptions, and emotions. Self esteem involves liking, accepting and believing in one’s individuality (uniqueness), abilities, talents, strengths and weaknesses.
  4. 4. CHARACTERISTICS OF PERSONS WITH HIGH SELF ESTEEM  They tend to act independently.  They are always ready to assume responsibility.  They always take pride in their accomplishments.  They are willing to attempt new tasks and challenges.  They can handle positive and negative emotions.  They are always willing to help others.
  5. 5. CHARACTERISTICS OF PERSONS WITH LOW SELF ESTEEM  They tend to avoid new experiences.  They tend to feel unwanted and unloved.  They usually blame others for their shortcomings i.e. their failures.  They tend to feel or pretend to feel, emotionally indifferent to the activities happening around them.  They cant handle normal levels of frustration.  They tend to under value themselves by looking down on their talents and abilities.  They are easily influenced.
  6. 6. FACTORS AFFECTING THE DEVELOPMENT OF HIGH SELF ESTEEM IN ADOLESCENTS
  7. 7. TRANSITION FROM PRIMARY SCHOOL TO SECONDARY SCHOOL Adolescents find themselves moving from being the oldest, most popular and most intelligent student to being the youngest, unknown and average student when they start secondary school, move to a new school and when they move from junior secondary school to senior secondary school, i.e. from JSS3-SS1. ADVICE: Keep working to get better, study people who are doing better than you, find out what they do differently from you and try it. Never be ashamed or afraid to ask for help, jealousy is a killer of happiness. Those who are doing very well should be willing to help
  8. 8. HORMONES AND PUBERTY  Puberty: This is the period of increased physical, biological and mental growth and development. Individuals, begin puberty at different ages, they are; the early age/bloomers (9- 11yrs), the expected age/bloomers (11-13yrs), and the delayed/late age/bloomers (13-15yrs).  Hormones: These are chemical substances released by the body to facilitate the development and growth of various organs. During puberty, two hormones are released, Testosterone (males, produced in the testes) and Oestrogen (female, produced in the ovaries) which are responsible for the development and growth of secondary sexual characters.
  9. 9. HORMONES AND PUBERTY Hormonal levels in each individual differs based on nature, eating patterns, nutrition, physical fitness, etc and these levels play a large role in our abilities to control our emotions, our actions and behaviours. During puberty, there is an imbalance in the hormonal levels of adolescents which mostly leaves them sad, depressed, moody and crappy leading to a fluctuation in their personality which leads to low levels of esteem. Females are more affected by this than males especially during their menstrual period which is why they are usually, irritated ,sad, angry and moody.
  10. 10. PHYSICALAPPEARANCE You are fearfully and wonderfully made irrespective of what you, others and the media says, thinks or feels about your height, size, weight, complexion and facial features. Puberty begins the process of growth, it’s not the whole process or the end point. Yes, you may be dissatisfied with your body but, your body is the only thing you own exclusively and how you treat it determines how others will treat it also. So, if exercising more, eating less, eating more is what it would take, then do them because your satisfaction with your appearance plays a large role in increasing your esteem.
  11. 11. FAMILY AND SOCIAL ACCEPTANCE Adolescence is a tricky stage for all individuals because any slight insult, joke or attitude makes them feel unloved and unwelcome. Puberty is a time whereby everyone wants to be accepted both at home and among his/her peers once this feeling is not returned, doubt of abilities and isolation sets in. ADVICE: Find a meaningful club and group of friends to belong to, the club’s values must match at least, three of yours. Avoid being friends with individuals who are bullies, malicious and not academically inclined.
  12. 12. LACK OF ACADEMIC AND/OR ATHLETIC EXCELLENCE When the academic and/or athletic performance of an adolescent falls below his/her expectation and that of his/her parent’s expectation, dissatisfaction sets in, leading to doubting of talents and abilities and hence, low self esteem. ADVICE: If you find yourself in this situation, get help from teachers through lessons and from your class mates who are doing better and from seniors who are good in that subject or sport. A problem shared, is half solved. Nothing good comes from being lazy, hard work is the key to success.
  13. 13. LACK OF SOCIAL IDENTITY Puberty is a time whereby individuals are expected to define themselves based on their abilities and talents. Problems arise when an individual goes through puberty confused about what his/her talents and abilities are and how to use them. The trick to identity formation is to be willing to try out new experiences in other to determine what you excel in, enjoy, dislike, like, are willing to continue, stop, the type of friends that make you better academically and as an individual.
  14. 14. WAYS TO IMPROVE YOUR ESTEEM  Find out things you enjoy doing and do them.  Never compare yourself with others, the only time you are allowed to do so is with your last performance. Comparism is a killer of joy.  Learn to do things for yourself mostly because it makes you happy and not because it would make others notice or like you.  Help others, nothing beats the joy helping brings.  Always give yourself a treat and plan your time well.  Accept your strengths and weaknesses and understand that they are there to compliment each other, hence, you.
  15. 15. YOU MUST ALWAYS BELIEVE IN YOURSELF AT ALL TIMES, AND IN YOUR ABILITIES. FAILURE SIMPLY MEANS THAT YOU ARE ON THE RIGHT PATH BUT MISSED SOME STEPS ALONG THE WAY. FAILURE, IS PART OF THE PROCESS THAT LEADS TO SUCCESS, EVERY SUCCESSFUL PERSON, FAILED AT A POINT. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A SUCCESSFUL PERSON AND A DEFEATED PERSON IS THAT THE DEFEATED PERSON GAVE UP.

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