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Autism and Accessibility, AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018

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In our webinar, Dafydd Henke-Reed, Principal Accessibility and Usability consultant at AbilityNet, provides a run through of the design challenges and solutions for people with ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder).

This presentation begins with an overview of ASD. The current accessibility concerns for people with ASD will then be shared along with details of why bleeding-edge technology may not be autism-friendly. The presentation concludes with examples of how technology can be helpful and beneficial for people on the autism spectrum.

This presentation will be of interest to anyone with a personal or professional interest in autism and/or accessibility, as well as business owners, project managers, etc.

Published in: Technology
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Autism and Accessibility, AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018

  1. 1. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 1 DOWNLOAD THESE SLIDES NOW AT www.slideshare.net/abilitynet AbilityNet Webinar 17 April 2018 Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions
  2. 2. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 2 Dafydd Henke-Reed Principal Accessibility and Usability Consultant AbilityNet Mark Walker Head of Marketing & Communications AbilityNet Welcome
  3. 3. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 3 AbilityNet is a charity that helps older people and people with disabilities achieve their goals at home, at work and in education • Digital Accessibility Testing and Consultancy • Workplace Assessments • DSA Assessments • IT Support at Home • Free expert resources on our website • Free helpline: 0800 269 545 About AbilityNet
  4. 4. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 4 NHS “Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is an umbrella term for a range of conditions … that affects social interaction, communication, interests and behaviour” National Autistic Society “Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that affects how people perceive the world and interact with others” What is Autism?
  5. 5. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 5 Social anxiety / impairment Obsessive interests Ritualistic behaviour (stimming) Sensory sensitivity (photophobia) NHS : ~1 in 100 people = 700,000 in UK CDC observes growing childhood diagnosis 1 in 150 (2000) to 1 in 68 (2012). 4.5 times more common in boys Common Symptoms of Autism
  6. 6. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 Why Autism Needs Considering Desktop web is: • social e.g. Facebook • sensory e.g. YouTube Most popular uses of the internet are social e.g. gaming and MOBAs, PUBG (multiplayer games with tens of millions of players) 6
  7. 7. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 Why Autism Needs Considering 7 Communication innovations with mobile e.g. expression-based comms (animojis)
  8. 8. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 Accessibility and Autism Today Websites which automatically present sensory information – e.g. Facebook auto-playing videos. Devices that cannot be used with stimming – e.g. a flashlight app that automatically activates when shaking phone. 8
  9. 9. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 Accessibility and Autism Today WCAG AA can provide a baseline of autism accessibility. Key success criteria include: • 1.4.2 Audio Control - A • 2.2.2 Pause, Stop, Hide - A • 3.2.2 On Input - A • 3.2.2 Consistent Navigation - AA • 3.2.4 Consistent Identification – AA The keyword is predictability. Some checks come under WCAG AAA (e.g. 3.1.5 Reading Level). Other are not captured (e.g. gentle colours). 9
  10. 10. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 Accessibility and Autism Tomorrow Two areas of impairment and technologies. Strengths, weakness, and design considerations. • Anxiety therapy—Blue Room • Emotion agnosia—Seeing AI 10
  11. 11. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 Blue Room – Newcastle University & NHS AR / VRE environment helping children with autism overcome fears and phobias: ‘Current treatment is CBT but that often doesn’t work… it relies on their imagination’. ‘They move around the scene using iPad controls - interacting and navigating as they wish allowing them to fully control the environment.’ 11
  12. 12. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 Autism & Simulation Realism may not be amenable to those with autism. They may prefer the uncanny over the realistic. 12
  13. 13. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 Seeing AI – Microsoft Wearable prototype with emotion recognition— informed by machine learning 13
  14. 14. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 Autism & Wearables 14 *FROM: The association between self-injurious behaviours and autism spectrum disorders. Minshawi et al (2014) People with ASD are six times more likely to show self-injury* Behaviours include: • head banging • face or head slapping or punching • forceful head shaking
  15. 15. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 Autism & Wearables 15 Trying to help those social anxiety with technology attached to their faces. Visible assistive technology – be it low or high-tech – can be a statement (e.g. a symbol cane).
  16. 16. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 Takeaways 16 1. Basics of autism - symptoms and stats 2. Current accessibility concerns 3. Future accessibility tech - therapies and tools 4. Tech can be a boon for treatment 5. The bleeding-edge may not be autism-friendly 6. Tools may promote fruitful dialogue 7. Robust, subtle, and / or be accepted as a statement by the Aspie community The tech discussed seeks to help people with autism be more ‘normal’. We haven’t talked about tech that helps neurotypical people understand autism.
  17. 17. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 Q&A 17 Thank you 😊Are there any questions? Dafydd Henke-Reed Dafydd.henke-reed@abilitynet.org.uk
  18. 18. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 Next webinar • The Business Case for Accessibility • 18 April @ 13:00 BST Need more help? • Speak to our accessibility services team • www.abilitynet.org.uk/request-a-quote Call our free helpline 0800 269 545 18 What next?
  19. 19. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 References/Useful Docs NAS – Designing Autism-friendly websites - http://www.autism.org.uk/professionals/others/website-design.aspx GA Architects – Designing Environments for children and adults with ASD https://www.autism.org.uk/~/media/nas/documents/working- with/creating-autism-friendly-places/designing_environments_for_children_adults_with_asd.ashx GOV – Designing for users on the autistic spectrum - https://github.com/UKHomeOffice/posters/blob/master/accessibility/dos- donts/posters_en-UK/accessibility-posters-set.pdf NHS - Autism Spectrum Disorder - https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/autism/ NAS - What is Autism - http://www.autism.org.uk/about/what-is.aspx CDC ASD Data & Stats - https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/data.html Ofcom - Adult Media Use - https://www.ofcom.org.uk/research-and-data/media-literacy-research/adults/adults-media-use-and-attitudes University of Hertfordshire – KASPER – http://www.herts.ac.uk/about-us/case-studies/research-and-innovation/kaspar-the-social- robot-helping-children-with-autism-to-communicate NCU - Blue Room -http://www.ncl.ac.uk/press/news/2017/02/blueroomautismnhs treatment/ Microsoft – Seeing AI - https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/seeing-ai/ Stanford University – Autism Google Glass Project - http://autismglass.stanford.edu/ Association between SIB and ASD - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24748827 RNIB – The Cane Explained – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=69gDygNlP0c Cambridge University – Autism Research Centre - https://www.autismresearchcentre.com/ 19
  20. 20. Autism and Accessibility, Design Challenges and Solutions | AbilityNet Webinar, 17 April 2018 References/Useful Docs Which terms should be used to describe autism? Perspectives from the UK autism community - https://altogetherautism.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/2015-Kenny-terms-to-describe-autism.pdf 20

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