Something that you can choose instead of
The action of protecting, or the state of being protected
A legal or other formal measure intended to preserve civil
liberties and rights.
• Synonyms: Defense, Preservation, Safe
Keeping, Safety, Security
Structured data is a way for search engine machines to make
sense of content in your HTML
• Synonyms: Plan, Diagram, Scheme, Representation
Alternative Protection Schema
• The scheme which can use as alternative of
copyrights for protection of creative’s work.
What is Creative Commons
• Creative commons (CC) is a nonprofit able organization
• Its headquarter is in Mountain view, California United States
• Founded in 2001
• Founders are
– James Boyle
– Lawrence Lessing
– Hal Abelson
Definition of CC
• Creative Commons is a nonprofit organization that enables the
sharing and use of creativity and knowledge through free legal
• An organization that has defined an alternative to copyrights by
filling in the gap between full copyright, in which no use is
permitted without permission, and public domain, where
permission is not required at all. Creative Commons' licenses let
people copy and distribute the work under specific conditions,
and general descriptions, legal clauses and HTML tags for search
engines are provided for several license options.
What is CC license?
• CC licenses provide an easy way to manage the
copyright terms that attach automatically to all
creative material under copyright.
CC licenses allow that material to be shared and
reused under terms that are flexible and legally sound.
CC offers a core suite of six copyright licenses.
Types of CC licenses
• All of CC licenses require that users provide attribution (BY) to the
creator when the material is used and shared. Some licensors
choose the BY license, which requires attribution to the creator as
the only condition to reuse of the material.
• The other five licenses combine BY with one or more of three
additional license elements:
• NonCommercial (NC), which prohibits commercial use of the
• NoDerivatives (ND), which prohibits the sharing of adaptations of
• ShareAlike (SA), which requires adaptations of the material be
released under the same license.
1. Attribution CC BY
• This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build
upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit
you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating
of licenses offered. Recommended for maximum
dissemination and use of licensed materials.
3. Attribution-NoDerivs CC BY-ND
• This license allows for redistribution,
commercial and non-commercial, as
long as it is passed along unchanged
and in whole, with credit to you.
2. Attribution-ShareAlike CC BY-SA
• This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work
even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit you and
license their new creations under the identical terms. This license
is often compared to “copyleft” free and open source software
licenses. All new works based on yours will carry the same
license, so any derivatives will also allow commercial use. This is
the license used by Wikipedia, and is recommended for materials
that would benefit from incorporating content from Wikipedia
and similarly licensed projects.
4. Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY-NC
• This license lets others remix, tweak, and build
upon your work non-commercially, and although
their new works must also acknowledge you and
be non-commercial, they don’t have to license
their derivative works on the same terms.
5.Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike CC BY-NC-SA
• This license lets others remix, tweak, and
build upon your work non-commercially, as
long as they credit you and license their new
creations under the identical terms.
6. Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs CC BY-NC-ND
• This license is the most restrictive of our six main
licenses, only allowing others to download your
works and share them with others as long as they
credit you, but they can’t change them in any way
or use them commercially.
CC licenses can Applied to ?
• CC licenses may be applied to any type of work,
resources, music, photographs, databases, government and public
sector information, and many other types of material.
CC Licenses Cannot Applied to ?
• CC does not recommend its licenses for computer
software and hardware. You should also not apply Creative
Commons licenses to works that are no longer protected by
copyright or are otherwise in the public domain. Instead, for
those works in the worldwide public domain.
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• Open access (OA) means unrestricted
online access to peer-reviewed scholarly
research. Open access is primarily intended
for scholarly journal articles, but is also
provided for a growing number of theses,
book chapters, and scholarly monographs.
• Open Access(AO) is free access to knowledge at no charge
to the user
• OA is the free, immediate, online availability of research
articles, with the rights to use these articles fully in the
• The literature that should be freely accessible online is
that which scholars give to the world without expectation
• Active debate over the economics and
reliability of various ways of providing open
access continues among researchers,
academics, librarians, university
administrators, funding agencies,
government officials and
• Public access to the World Wide Web in the late
1990s and early 2000s fueled the open access
• Conventional non-open access journals cover
publishing costs through access tolls such as
subscriptions, site licenses or pay-per-view.
• Some non-open access journals provide open
access after a period of
6–12 months or longer.
OPEN ACCESS Usage
• gratis open access: (for zero price)
which is free online access,
• libre open access: (with little or no restriction)
which is free online access plus some additional
usage rights. These additional usage rights are
often granted through the use of various
specific Creative Commons licenses.
Implementation practices of OA
• Option for authors who wish to make their work
openly accessible is to publish in an open access
journal “green open access” or "gold open access”.
Self-archiving, also known as green open access,
refers to the practice of depositing articles in
an institutional repository or a subject repository.
2. Open Access Journal:
Open access journal also known as Gold open access,
open access can be provided by traditional publishers,
who may publish open access as well as subscription-
based journals, or open access publishers such
as Public Library of Science (PLOS), who publish only
open access journals. An open access journal may or
may not charge a publishing fee. 30% of gold open
access journals have author fees to cover the cost of
Stakeholders and concerned communities
• The intended audience of research articles is usually
other researchers. Open access helps researchers as
readers by opening up access to articles that their
libraries do not subscribe to. One of the great
beneficiaries of open access may be users in developing
countries, where currently some universities find it
difficult to pay for subscriptions required to access the
most recent journals.
• The public
• Canadian funding
• United States funding
• European funding
Stakeholders and concerned communities