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bipolar disorder


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bipolar disorder

  1. 1. Based on the interview Conducted By: Abhishek Saxena
  2. 2. PROBLEM STATEMENT: To understand the unusual behavior of a bipolar patient. (Interviewee) SYMPTOMS OBSERVED: The following unusual characteristics were observed in his case. 1) Arrogance and aggression in voice and behavior. 2) Loss of appetite, sleeping hours. 3) Full of unknown energy and anxiety all the time. 4) Depression followed by suicidal attempts. 5) Cutting social pipeline, became isolated and attracted to liquor. 6) Thinks that he is the best. 7) Frequent Mood Swings. Finally, after going through the diagnosis, he was diagnosed with BIPOLAR DISORDER. LET US KNOW MORE ABOUT THIS DISEASE.
  3. 3. Bipolar Disorder is a serious brain disorder that limits one’s ability to function and to feel a normal range of moods. Bipolar disorder is also known as manic depression. This serious mental illness involves mood swings that range anywhere from depression to mania.
  4. 4. TWO STAGES OF BIPOLAR DISORDER: Depression Stage: - constantly feeling sad or worthless - sleeping too much or too little - feeling tired and having little energy appetite and weight changes problems focusing - thoughts of suicide Manic Stage: - increase in energy level - less need for sleep - easily distracted - nonstop talking - increased self confidence - focused on getting things done, but does not accomplish much - is involved in risky activities even though bad things may happen
  5. 5. There is no actual “cure” for bipolar disorder yet, but with the help of various treatments and medications, people with bipolar disorder can live normally. These are just a few of the treatments for bipolar disorder: Medications: Mood Stabilizers- delay and relieve episodes of depression and mania Antidepressants- work with mood stabilizers to help slow depression Antipsychotics- helps treat mania and also severe cases of mania/depression Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)- used to treat mania/depression Talk Therapy: Also known as psychotherapy, talk therapy can help people with bipolar disorder make sense of their thoughts and feelings. Through talk therapy, people can get valuable advice and support, regain their confidence, and reduce any strain or stress they may have. Self Care: Learning about bipolar disorder is the first critical step in self-care. Tracking and recording moods is also helpful. Avoiding things that may trigger depression/manic episodes and joining a mental illness support group are just a few other things that can help you lessen the stress of having bipolar disorder.
  6. 6. NIMH, otherwise known as the National Institute of Mental Health, has been working on a large-scale project in an effort to find the most effective treatments for bipolar disorder. This study is known as the Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder (STEP-BD). Studies have indicated that bipolar disorder is hereditary. Scientists are seeking to find the genetic basis, working closely with researchers who believe the identification of particular genes will make it possible to create better treatments for bipolar disorder. Using advanced imaging techniques, researchers have been able to examine bipolar brain function and structure. They believe that understanding neural circuits will be critical in the development of new treatments. NIMH researchers are currently studying newer anticonvulsant drugs, such as lamotrigine and gabapentin. Psychotherapy treatments are being evaluated for their benefits and include Psych education, Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Family Focused Therapy, and Interpersonal and Social Therapy.
  7. 7. Bipolar Disorder is damaging to the brain; certain parts of the brain may be unbalanced in volume which can affect the brain’s ability to learn, remember things, and function -People with bipolar disorder tend to suffer from anxiety and panic, and usually also have another mental illness -People with bipolar disorder generally die about 7 years earlier than that of the average population, aside from suicide -Depression forms of bipolar disorder have been linked to be the causes of heart disease, over-smoking, drinking, heart attacks, high blood sugar, diabetes, bone loss, stroke, irritable bowel syndrome, and even cancer
  8. 8. I HOPE, THAT I HAVE SUCCESSFULLY PREPARED MY ASSIGNMENT. THE END!!! Thank you for your time. Hope you enjoyed the presentation!