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COMMUNITY HEALTH
NURSING PROCESS
ABHISHEK VERMA
• Community health nurse is
responsible to provide general
and comprehensive public health
and nursing services to the
people at large in a defined
community.
• She is vested with the
responsibility of rendering
people to solve their health and
nursing care problems in their
place of living and work.
• This process of rendering care
can be done by making use of
NURSING PROCESS and
PRINCIPLES as applicable in the
community settings.
NURSING PROCESS
DEFINITION
• Community Health Nursing Process
is a systematic, scientific, dynamic,
on-going interpersonal process in
which the nurses and the clients are
viewed as a system with each
affecting one and another and both
being affected by the factors within
the behaviour.
DEFINITION
• “Community Health Nursing
Process refers to systematic
series of steps which are
followed by public health nurse
in community health and nursing
problems using community
approaches and resources”.
ADVANTAGE
• Community Health Nursing
process is an effective tool to
help people solve their health
problems and meet their health
and nursing needs.
STEPS
1. ESTABLISHING & MAINTAINING
WORKING RELATIONSHIP.
2. ASSESSMENT OF HEALTH NEEDS &
HEALTH PROBLEMS.
3. SETTING OBJECTIVES.
4. PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTING
INTERVENTIONS.
5. EVALUATION OF INTERVENTIONS.
STEPS IN NURSING PROCESS
I. ESTABILISHIBG & MAINTAINING
WORKING RELATIONSHIP
• Community health Nursing
process is helping community
people and families identify their
health problems and develop
competencies to solve their
health problems and meet their
health and nursing needs.
• This is enabled when the
community health nurse
establishes a good working
relationship with the families and
communities.
• Working relationship is
productive in nature.
• In “working relationship”
between community health nurse
and the community
people/families, there is a free
dialoguing and an attitude of trust
and confidence in the integrality
and capabilities of each other to
meet health and nursing goals.
• A working relationship between
a nurse and the community is
initiated and maintained by the
following means:
1.Knowing the client (community).
2. Communicating intensions and
nature of help and assistance
that would be extended.
3. Attentive listening and
responding in between.
4. Answering heir queries.
5. Considering their views.
6. Appreciating what is
worthwhile.
7. Empathetic attitude.
8. Meeting their immediate
needs and needs which are
considered important by
them.
II. ASSESSMENT OF HEALTH
NEEDS & HEALTH PROBLEMS
• The community health nurse
comes to know the health needs
and problems of the community
as she explores the community.
• The problems could be a large
family size, malnutrition in
children, incomplete
immunization, anaemia in
pregnant and nursing mothers,
several morbidity conditons-TB,
malaria, diarhoea etc.,
• After obtaining the list of health
needs and problems, the
community health nurse needs
to prioritize the problems, as all
the problems cannot be dealt
with simultaneously.
• The priority is determined on the
basis of underlying criteria:
1. The nature of the problem, its
prevalence, impact and
prognosis.
2.Community’s perception of the
problem i.e., whether the
problem is felt by the community
and considers serious.
3.Preventive potential i.e.,
whether the problem can be
prevented or not.
III. SETTING OBJECTIVES
• Once the problems are prioritized,
it is very important to set up
objectives relevant to each of the
problems identified.
E.g., - Malnutrition
• Toassess the
growth and
development of all
the under five
children in a defined
community to find
out malnourished
children.
• To get the medical examination
done for all the malnourished
children.
• To carry out prescribed
treatment and provide care to all
malnourished children.
• To do a regular monitoring of
nutrition status of all children.
• To enroll all children with
anganwadi for availing food
supplements.
• To educate mothers and
population in general about the
malnutrition and importance of
nutritious diet.
IV. PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION
OF INTERVENTIONS
• This is otherwise called the
ACTION PLAN.
• Once the objectives are
formulated it is necessary to
identify interventions to be
implemented to achieve the
objectives.
• Various actions are decided and
implemented as being most
effective in order to solve
particular problems (e.g.,
problem of malnutrition among
under 5)
• As the action is implemented,
the community health nurse
gives direct nursing care either
by herself or through ANM.
• She also helps the community to
develop their own resources and
mobilize outside resources also.
V. EVALUATION OF ACTION PLAN
• Evaluation of interventions
determines the effectiveness of
actions implemented –
i.e.whether the desired results
intended are achieved or not.
• Evaluation also helps in finding
out the reasons for not achieving
the desired goal.
• This helps in making further
improvement ( feedback and re
plan, re implement and re-
evaluate)
• The effectiveness of intervention
depends upon its objectives and
is determined on the basis of the
following criteria:
1. Population coverage.
2. Utilization of services provided.
3. Outcomes in terms of reduction
in morbidity rates (increase in
life expectancy).
4. Change in knowledge,
attitude and practice,
degree of independence.
• Evaluation thus made is both
qualitative and quantitative.
• An effective evaluation strategy
has the following characteristics:
1. Well defined measurable
objectives.
2. Well defined action plan.
3. Has a base line statistical
information for comparison.
4. Observe changes in health
knowledge, attitudes and
practices.
5. Analyze and interpret the
facts (data) observed
and recorded.
PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNITY HEALTH
NURSING PROCESS
• Principles are rules for
community health practice or
actions.
• Theses provide guidelines to
function in the community
effectively & efficiently.
1. Community health nurse must
explore and know various
aspects of a defined
community to be able to plan
and implement health
services.
2. Community health nurse must
make a map of the community
showing the geographical
boundaries, important roads,
streets, housing networks,
church/temple/mosque,
school, post office. This helps
in plotting the house for care.
3. Community health nurse
must establish good
working relationship as it
helps in providing need
based care.
4. Community health nurse must
know the health care delivery
system, health policies, health
goals, health actions, national
health care programmes while
rendering health services.
5. The community health
nurse should provide
realistic health services ( in
terms of available
resources, funds).
6. community health nurse must
organize health services at
large for the community and
render the services to the
family which is the unit of
community.
7. Community health nurse must
continuously keep in touch
with the community and
provide wellness oriented
comprehensive services
continuously.
8. community health nurse must
work in collaboration with
other team members…
therefore she needs to know
the roles and responsibilities
of the other team members.
9. Community health nurse
educates in giving care to
individual, family and
community. The health
education should aim at
providing a comprehensive
health knowledge to the
community.
10. Community health nurse must
maintain proper health
records, registers . (These are
legal documents) These
records help in planning and
evaluation of the services.
11. The community health
nurse must evaluate her
services to find out
achievement. Eg.,
population covered,
actions planned and
recorded.
12. The community health nurse
must provide services to all
without any discrimination of
age, gender, colour, caste,
nationality, political
affiliation, religion, as every
individual has a right to
optimum health.
13. The community health nurse
must not interfere with
people’s religious, political
beliefs, but respect every one
without any prejudice.
14. Community health nurse
should work in close
consultation with
employing authority
(Govt, public trust, NGO).
15. Community health nurse
should develop and maintain
professional relationship with
health and health allies
agencies (Block Development
Office, Panchayats, Voluntary
Organizations).
16. Community health nurse
must never accept any
bribe or gift against
professional ethics.
17. The community health nurse
must have an active
participation with the
community people in taking
care of their own needs and
health problems. (This can be
done by mass awareness
campaign).
18. The community health
nurse must be aware and
closely co- ordinate with
the local formal and
informal leaders.
THANK YOU

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community health nursing process.pptx

  • 2. • Community health nurse is responsible to provide general and comprehensive public health and nursing services to the people at large in a defined community.
  • 3. • She is vested with the responsibility of rendering people to solve their health and nursing care problems in their place of living and work.
  • 4. • This process of rendering care can be done by making use of NURSING PROCESS and PRINCIPLES as applicable in the community settings.
  • 6. DEFINITION • Community Health Nursing Process is a systematic, scientific, dynamic, on-going interpersonal process in which the nurses and the clients are viewed as a system with each affecting one and another and both being affected by the factors within the behaviour.
  • 7. DEFINITION • “Community Health Nursing Process refers to systematic series of steps which are followed by public health nurse in community health and nursing problems using community approaches and resources”.
  • 8. ADVANTAGE • Community Health Nursing process is an effective tool to help people solve their health problems and meet their health and nursing needs.
  • 9. STEPS 1. ESTABLISHING & MAINTAINING WORKING RELATIONSHIP. 2. ASSESSMENT OF HEALTH NEEDS & HEALTH PROBLEMS. 3. SETTING OBJECTIVES. 4. PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTING INTERVENTIONS. 5. EVALUATION OF INTERVENTIONS.
  • 10. STEPS IN NURSING PROCESS
  • 11. I. ESTABILISHIBG & MAINTAINING WORKING RELATIONSHIP • Community health Nursing process is helping community people and families identify their health problems and develop competencies to solve their health problems and meet their health and nursing needs.
  • 12. • This is enabled when the community health nurse establishes a good working relationship with the families and communities. • Working relationship is productive in nature.
  • 13. • In “working relationship” between community health nurse and the community people/families, there is a free dialoguing and an attitude of trust and confidence in the integrality and capabilities of each other to meet health and nursing goals.
  • 14. • A working relationship between a nurse and the community is initiated and maintained by the following means: 1.Knowing the client (community).
  • 15. 2. Communicating intensions and nature of help and assistance that would be extended. 3. Attentive listening and responding in between.
  • 16. 4. Answering heir queries. 5. Considering their views. 6. Appreciating what is worthwhile. 7. Empathetic attitude.
  • 17. 8. Meeting their immediate needs and needs which are considered important by them.
  • 18. II. ASSESSMENT OF HEALTH NEEDS & HEALTH PROBLEMS • The community health nurse comes to know the health needs and problems of the community as she explores the community.
  • 19. • The problems could be a large family size, malnutrition in children, incomplete immunization, anaemia in pregnant and nursing mothers, several morbidity conditons-TB, malaria, diarhoea etc.,
  • 20. • After obtaining the list of health needs and problems, the community health nurse needs to prioritize the problems, as all the problems cannot be dealt with simultaneously.
  • 21. • The priority is determined on the basis of underlying criteria: 1. The nature of the problem, its prevalence, impact and prognosis.
  • 22. 2.Community’s perception of the problem i.e., whether the problem is felt by the community and considers serious. 3.Preventive potential i.e., whether the problem can be prevented or not.
  • 23. III. SETTING OBJECTIVES • Once the problems are prioritized, it is very important to set up objectives relevant to each of the problems identified.
  • 24. E.g., - Malnutrition • Toassess the growth and development of all the under five children in a defined community to find out malnourished children.
  • 25. • To get the medical examination done for all the malnourished children. • To carry out prescribed treatment and provide care to all malnourished children.
  • 26. • To do a regular monitoring of nutrition status of all children. • To enroll all children with anganwadi for availing food supplements.
  • 27. • To educate mothers and population in general about the malnutrition and importance of nutritious diet.
  • 28. IV. PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION OF INTERVENTIONS • This is otherwise called the ACTION PLAN.
  • 29. • Once the objectives are formulated it is necessary to identify interventions to be implemented to achieve the objectives.
  • 30. • Various actions are decided and implemented as being most effective in order to solve particular problems (e.g., problem of malnutrition among under 5)
  • 31. • As the action is implemented, the community health nurse gives direct nursing care either by herself or through ANM. • She also helps the community to develop their own resources and mobilize outside resources also.
  • 32. V. EVALUATION OF ACTION PLAN • Evaluation of interventions determines the effectiveness of actions implemented – i.e.whether the desired results intended are achieved or not.
  • 33. • Evaluation also helps in finding out the reasons for not achieving the desired goal. • This helps in making further improvement ( feedback and re plan, re implement and re- evaluate)
  • 34. • The effectiveness of intervention depends upon its objectives and is determined on the basis of the following criteria: 1. Population coverage.
  • 35. 2. Utilization of services provided. 3. Outcomes in terms of reduction in morbidity rates (increase in life expectancy).
  • 36. 4. Change in knowledge, attitude and practice, degree of independence.
  • 37. • Evaluation thus made is both qualitative and quantitative. • An effective evaluation strategy has the following characteristics:
  • 38. 1. Well defined measurable objectives. 2. Well defined action plan. 3. Has a base line statistical information for comparison.
  • 39. 4. Observe changes in health knowledge, attitudes and practices. 5. Analyze and interpret the facts (data) observed and recorded.
  • 40. PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING PROCESS • Principles are rules for community health practice or actions. • Theses provide guidelines to function in the community effectively & efficiently.
  • 41. 1. Community health nurse must explore and know various aspects of a defined community to be able to plan and implement health services.
  • 42. 2. Community health nurse must make a map of the community showing the geographical boundaries, important roads, streets, housing networks, church/temple/mosque, school, post office. This helps in plotting the house for care.
  • 43. 3. Community health nurse must establish good working relationship as it helps in providing need based care.
  • 44. 4. Community health nurse must know the health care delivery system, health policies, health goals, health actions, national health care programmes while rendering health services.
  • 45. 5. The community health nurse should provide realistic health services ( in terms of available resources, funds).
  • 46. 6. community health nurse must organize health services at large for the community and render the services to the family which is the unit of community.
  • 47. 7. Community health nurse must continuously keep in touch with the community and provide wellness oriented comprehensive services continuously.
  • 48. 8. community health nurse must work in collaboration with other team members… therefore she needs to know the roles and responsibilities of the other team members.
  • 49. 9. Community health nurse educates in giving care to individual, family and community. The health education should aim at providing a comprehensive health knowledge to the community.
  • 50. 10. Community health nurse must maintain proper health records, registers . (These are legal documents) These records help in planning and evaluation of the services.
  • 51. 11. The community health nurse must evaluate her services to find out achievement. Eg., population covered, actions planned and recorded.
  • 52. 12. The community health nurse must provide services to all without any discrimination of age, gender, colour, caste, nationality, political affiliation, religion, as every individual has a right to optimum health.
  • 53. 13. The community health nurse must not interfere with people’s religious, political beliefs, but respect every one without any prejudice.
  • 54. 14. Community health nurse should work in close consultation with employing authority (Govt, public trust, NGO).
  • 55. 15. Community health nurse should develop and maintain professional relationship with health and health allies agencies (Block Development Office, Panchayats, Voluntary Organizations).
  • 56. 16. Community health nurse must never accept any bribe or gift against professional ethics.
  • 57. 17. The community health nurse must have an active participation with the community people in taking care of their own needs and health problems. (This can be done by mass awareness campaign).
  • 58. 18. The community health nurse must be aware and closely co- ordinate with the local formal and informal leaders.