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Surendera Group Of Institutions
Sriganganagar (Raj.)
Presentation on Sugar Manufacturing Process
Submitted To :- Submitted By :-
Mr. Jitender Yadav Abhishek Malethia
Mr. Varinder Singh 14ESUME002
B.Tech 7th Sem(ME)
Rajasthan State Ganganagar Sugar Mills
(RSGSM)
23 F, Teh- Srikaranpur ,Dist-Sriganganagar
Rajasthan
ABOUT THE COMPANY
• Started At 1945 in Sriganganagar
• It is transferred in 23 F 2008 , But Manufacturing started
on 2015
• Area- 37.695 Hectare
• Total Cost For Making Company-180 Crore
• Total Amount of Sugar Manufacturing
(2016-17)- 65090.00 Quintal
1. Sugar Introduction,
2. Manufacturing
3. Raw and Refined Sugar
INTRODUCTION
• General term indicating sweet
carbohydrates
• Mono-, di- and poly-saccharides
• Obtained from plants, largely sugarcane
& sugar beet plant
• India is 2nd largest producer of sugar
• More than 716 sugar mills in India
Harvesting Of Sugarcane
• Fully mature
• Two types
• Manual
• Mechanical
FLOW DIAGRAM
transportatio
n
Transport and Handling
• Animal driven carts
• Trolleys
• Trucks
FLOW DIAGRAM
Material Handling and Storage
• Stored in cane yards
• Carried from cane yard to feeding
area by
• hook/chain
• Cranes
• Reelings
• Conveyer belt
• Carry
• Huge suction truck
Washing
Cutting of Canes
• To aid the cane crushing
• Cane knives to cut cane into small
pieces
FLOW DIAGRAM
Shredding
• To remove leaves and nodes
• Hammer mill shredder
CRUSHING
• Cane crushed to
break hard
structure
• No juice extracted
• Increase efficiency
of juice extraction
• Subjected to
crusher with
corrugated blades
FLOW DIAGRAM
MILLING TANDEMS
• 3 roller mills
connected in series
• Top roller
• Feed roller
• Discharge roller
• 5-7 in number
• Extract the juice
from crushed cane
PRODUCTS OF MILLS
FLOW DIAGRAM
USE OF BAGASSE
• Stored in bagasse storage
• Used as fuel to generate steam
• Steam used for
• Generating electricity
• Evaporation of juice before crystallization
FLOW DIAGRAM
CLARIFICATION
• To remove non-sugars and impurities
• Liming
• Sulphitation
• Phosphatation
• Carbonation
FILTRATION
• Mud from clarifier
still contain some
residual juice
• Filtered to extract
residual juice in
Rotary Vacuum
Filters
FLOW DIAGRAM
EVAPORATION
• Juice evaporated to obtain super saturated
solution
• Juice preheated to
around 107-110ᴼC
• Two types of evaporators
• Single effect evaporators
• Multiple effect evaporators
MULTI-EFFECT EVAPORATOR
FLOW DIAGRAM
CRYSTALLIZATION
• Carried out in single effect high-
vacuum boiling pans
• Three stages of crystallization
• Nucleation
• Initiation
• elongation
CONT…
• Massecuite
• mixture of crystals and mother liquor
(molasses) resulting from the crystallization
• Transferred to crystallizer
at low temprature
FLOW DIAGRAM
CENTRIFUGATION
• Separate sugar from molasses
• Centrifuge operates at 100-1800
rpm
• Molasses pass through perforations
• Sugar crystals are
washed with 85ᴼC water
• Raw sugar and molasses
FLOW DIAGRAM
DRYING AND PACKAGING
• Sugar tumbled through
large cylindrical dryers
• Sorting
• Packaging
RECEIVING AND STORAGE
PACKAGING
• Containers opaque, airtight,
moisture/odor proof
• Glass canning jars or cans for liquid
sugars
RAW & REFINED SUGAR
• Raw sugar
• Obtained directly from sugarcane juice
without refining
• Most natural sugar
• Brown in color due to molasses
• Refined sugar
• Have white luster and transparent
• Bleached to remove color and other
impurities
Training report on rajasthan state ganganagar sugar mill

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Training report on rajasthan state ganganagar sugar mill

Editor's Notes

  1. FlocculantPolyelectrolyte in solution added to juice to assist clarification. The increase in alkalinity coagulates proteins in the juice. Calcium carbonate absorbs colourants Alkalinity destroys some monosaccharide sugars, mostly glucose and fructose
  2. Phosphatation involves addition of lime (CaO) and phosphoric acid (H3 PO4 or P2 O5 ) to the melt liquor which results in formation of a calcium phosphate precipitate. Color bodies adsorb onto the calcium phosphate precipitate and are removed during the subsequent clarification and filtration. Polymers are added to aid in the formation of a precipitate floc which is more easily filtered.
  3. Filter cakeMaterial retained on the filter screens and discharged from the filters after filtering clarifier muds.FiltrateLiquid passed through the screens of the filters.
  4. CalandriaTubular or plate heating element in a vacuum pan or evaporator vessel.
  5. 3 zones of supresat Metastable, intermediate, labile zones… molecules arrange in crystallization pattern and form a site of attachment of crystals
  6. Seed Suspension of fine crystals in saturated solution of alcohol