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Water scarcity in shimla - Abhijeet

Social Problem

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Water scarcity in shimla - Abhijeet

  1. 1. Water Scarcity in Shimla Submitted by – Abhijeet Vikramaditya Tiwari
  2. 2.  Shimla is the capital of the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, in the Himalayan foothills. Once the summer capital of British India, it remains the terminus of the narrow-gauge Kalka-Shimla Railway, completed in 1903. It’s also known for the handicraft shops that line The Mall, a pedestrian avenue, as well as the Lakkar Bazaar, a market specializing in wooden toys and crafts. Shimla
  3. 3.  Scarcity is the fundamental problem of having seemingly unlimited human wants in a world of limited resources. It states that society has insufficient productive resources to fulfil all human wants and needs.  So Water Scarcity is shortage of water in satisfying human demands What is Scarcity ?
  4. 4.  Shimla was planned for a population of 16,000 but today it carries more than 200,000 on an average putting pressure on its scarce natural resource „Water‟. (1.7 lakh locals and around 70 thousands tourists )  There are around 450 Hotels in Shimla , each hotel requires at least 2 times of water required for a normal person. Now the big question why Shimla is thirsty ?
  5. 5.  The main reason for the water shortage is the leakage in the pipelines, which are not only old and decaying but also travel a long distance in the harsh weather and uneven terrain. According to a CAG report, the city gets water for only 1.2 hours a day as against the 24-hour norm. From 2009-14, the corporation supplied 110 litres per capita per day (lpcd), which is less than the prescribed limit of 135 lpcd. Contd.
  6. 6. Water Supply Muncipal Hand pump Bore well Spring water tank Spring Contd.
  7. 7.  Decentralised wastewater treatment plants can help include uncovered areas at reduced costs. Treated water will be reused to flush community toilets.  College/university students in association with NGO‟s can organize water literacy programme.  Media can play major role in this concern.  Construction of small check dams and creation of water reservoirs.  Towards Blue Revolution – Management of fresh water through optimization of use. Suggested Measures
  8. 8.  Installation of water meters and rationing system. Removal of subsidies on water.  Promotion for construction of Rainwater Harvesting plants with monetary support from local Municipal Authorities.  Reduce, recycle, and reuse of water.  Abating water contamination problems, since fresh water is a limited and scare resource, its pollution by human activity is not desirable.

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