Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Ibm virtualization techday v2.0 final


Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Ibm virtualization techday v2.0 final

  1. 1. IBM Virtualization TechdayAbhed Kulkarni℡ 9822683463 1This presentation is intended for the education of IBM and Business Partne r sales pe rsonne l. It should not be distributed toIBM Corporation © 2012 custome rs.
  2. 2. Agenda What is Virtualization? Why Virtualization? Types of Virtualization IBM Virtualization Platform. § Virtualization on IBM Power system - Unix Platform § Virtualization on IBM System X and BladeCenter- x86 Platform § Virtualization on IBM System Storage § Virtualization on Mainframe Virtualization. Tools and Resources IBM Virtualization Techday2 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  3. 3. What is Virtualization ? IBM Virtualization Techday 3 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  4. 4. What is Virtualization? IBM Virtualization Techday 4 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  5. 5. What is Virtualization?Logical representation of resources notconstrained by physical limitations. – Create virtual resources within single physical device or combining multiple devices. – Reach beyond the box – see and manage many virtual resources as one – Dynamically change and adjust across the infrastructure A comprehensive platform to help virtualize the infrastructure IBM Virtualization Techday 5 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  6. 6. What is Virtualization? Across the IT Industry , virtualization is used today as broad term : Of that something refers to the abstraction of computer resources. In Marketing Terms : A Proven IT approach that pools and share resources to reduce costs , optimize utilization and create an infrastructure in which supply can dynamically meet demands. In Technical Terms Virtualization is decoupling of software from hardware . Hence , it is the abstracting of the software from the underlying implementation. In Original sense of the term Virtualization is related to the creation of a virtual machine (VM) using a combination of hardware and software. A number of discrete identical execution environments ( VMs) deployed on a single computer each running an operating system. IBM Virtualization Techday6 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  7. 7. Virtualization ExplainedConventional Servers: Multiple Workloads, Multiple ServersLow Utilization of Resources Low flexibility of resource allocation to workloadsLow Efficiency More to ManageAdd Costs Complicates Infrastructure IBM Virtualization Techday7 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  8. 8. Virtualization Explained Power Servers : Multiple Workloads, One Server!Physical Server Virtual Servers Benefits High Utilization of Resources High flexibility of resource allocation to workloads High Efficiency Less to Manage Avoid Costs Simplifies Infrastructure IBM Virtualization Techday 8 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  9. 9. Virtualization Concept Virtual Resources Proxies for real resources: same interfaces/functions, different attributes. May be part of a physical resource or multiple physical resources. Virtualization Creates virtual resources and "maps" them to real resources. Primarily accomplished with software and/or firmware. Resources Components with architected interfaces/functions. May be centralized or distributed. Usually physical. Examples: memory, disk drives, networks, servers. Separates presentation of resources to users from actual resources Aggregates pools of resources for allocation to users as virtual resources9 IBM Virtualization Techday9 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  10. 10. Virtualization Terminology IBM Virtualization Techday10 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  11. 11. Virtualization Functions and Benefits Virtual Virtual Resources Resources Sharing Aggregation Resources Resources Examples: LPARs, VMs, virtual disks, VLANs Examples: Virtual disks, Benefits: Resource utilization, workload Benefits: Management simplification, manageability, flexibility, isolation investment protection, scalability Virtual Virtual Resources Resources Emulation Insulation Resources Add, Replace, Resources or ChangeExamples: Arch. emulators, virtual tape Examples: Spare CPU subst., CUoD,Benefits: Compatibility, investment protection, Benefits: Continuous availability, flexibility, interoperability, flexibility investment protection 11 IBM Virtualization Techday 11 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  12. 12. Why Virtualization ? IBM Virtualization Techday 12 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  13. 13. Why Virtualization ?Cost of operations: Power, cooling and systems management costsare growing concerns – and constraining growth Installed Base Spending (US$B) (M Units) Over 40% of data center $300 50 clients report power Power and cooling costs rising 8 fold 45 demand outstripping Server mgmt and admin costs rising 4 fold $250 supply.* New server spending 40 IBM response is Big 35 $200 Green initiative 30 System p™ has four strategy elements $150 25 Performance per 20 core $100 Consolidation 15 Virtualization 10 Energy management $50 features & tools 5 $0 0*The Impact of Power and Cooling on Data CenterInfrastructure, IDC available at http://www- 97 00 01 05 08 09 10 96 98 99 02 03 04 06 07 19 20 20 20 20 20 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 20Cooling.pdf SOURCE: IDC, ‘Worldwide Server Power and Cooling Expense 2006-2010,’ Document #203598, Sept. 2006 IBM Virtualization Techday 13 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  14. 14. Why Virtualization ?Critical Business Challenges Today. The Need: •Superior scalability and performance. •Flexibility and manageability •Reliability, availability and security •To improve cost effectiveness of their IT investments •To reduce server proliferation IBM Virtualization Techday 14 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  15. 15. How did we get here? IBM Virtualization Techday15 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  16. 16. VM better than physical machine? IBM Virtualization Techday 16 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  17. 17. Virtualization History IBM Virtualization Techday 17 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  18. 18. Virtualization History IBM Virtualization Techday 18 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  19. 19. Virtualization History IBM Virtualization Techday 19 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  20. 20. Virtualization History IBM Virtualization Techday20 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  21. 21. Virtualization History IBM Virtualization Techday21 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  22. 22. Types of Virtualization IBM Virtualization Techday 22 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  23. 23. Virtualization Terminology IBM Virtualization Techday23 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  24. 24. Server Virtualization Approaches Hardware Partitioning Hypervisor: Type 1 Hypervisor: Type 2 Apps Apps Apps Apps Apps Apps ... ... ... OS OS OS OS OS OS Adjustable partitions Hypervisor Partition Hypervisor Controller Host OS SMP Server SMP Server SMP ServerPhysical partitioning Hypervisor software/firmware Hypervisor software runs on Sun Domains, HP nPartitions runs directly on server a host operating system zSeries PR/SM and z/VM VMware GSXLogical partitioning POWER Hypervisor Microsoft Virtual Server pSeries LPAR, HP vPartitions HP Integrity VM Win4Lin VMware ESX Server User Mode Linux Xen Open Source Hypervisor Virtual Iron, ScaleMP• Hardware partitioning subdivides a server into fractions, each of which can run an OS• Hypervisors use a thin layer of code to achieve fine-grained, dynamic resource sharing• Type 1 hypervisors with high efficiency and availability will become dominant for servers• Type 2 hypervisors will be mainly for clients where host OS integration is desirable24 IBM Virtualization Techday © 2006 IBM Corporation24 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  25. 25. “In-the-box” vs. “Out-of-box” Virtualization“In-the-box” = Platform specific technologies – IBM: Hypervisor, DLPAR, Adv. Virtualization option Typical Physical Environment Today (VLAN, VIO, Micro-pars) – HP: Virtual server Hitachi environment (nPars, vPars, Sun etc.) HP EMC – Sun: Domains, Containers Network HPGoal: Operational efficiency xSeries, BladeCenter, Dell Hardware pSeries, iSeries, zSeries, and higher utilization on a per IBM TotalStorage platform basis “Out-of-box” = Platform agnostic technologies – IBM: EWLM, Director MP, Tivoli Provisioning Mgr., SAN Volume Controller, Grid, etc. Virtual Virtual – HP: Adaptive Enterprise (primarily Application Virtual Storage OpenView) Servers Networks – Sun: N1 Grid Goal: Operational efficiency across IT environment, better service levels, “single view” management IBM Virtualization Techday 25 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  26. 26. Virtualization Areas Pools of virtual resources Servers Storage Distributed Network Partitioning SAN volumes GRID VLANs − Dynamic LPARS − Storage Pools − Globus Toolkit − Isolate/prioritize traffic on shared − Virtual machines − Centralized management − IBM OGSA Toolbox network, 802.1 − Blades TotalStorage Server allocation for HiperSockets™/ Virtual Clustering Virtualization Web application ethernet − Parallel Sysplex ® − SAN Block Virtualization servers − Optimized inter-partition − HACMP − SAN File Aggregation − Computation heavy, communications, virtual network − Linux clusters TotalStorage parallel applications Workload − Manage multiple Virtualization Management applications across expanded capabilities − Policy-based multiple server clusters − Increase capacity − Heterogeneous utilization ISV Grid middleware − Manage non-IBM − Provide services such as storage data services, scheduling LPARs IBM Virtualization Techday26 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  27. 27. IBM Virtualization Techday27 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  28. 28. Hardware assist Virtualization Intel & AMD IBM Virtualization Techday 28 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  29. 29. Hardware Assist from Intel and AMD IBM Virtualization Techday29 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  30. 30. Virtualizing the x86 architecture>Hardware Assisted Virtualization – First Generation>CPU Vendors extending x86 architectureAdding CPU features to support virtualization- Intel – VT- AMD – AMD-V>Intel® VT FlexMigration>Intel® VT FlexPriority IBM Virtualization Techday30 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  31. 31. Virtualizing the x86 architecture >Hardware Assisted Virtualization – Second Generation >Memory Management Offloads memory page table management to CPU / Chipset Provides significant performance improvement - Intel : Extended Page Tables (EPT) - AMD : Rapid Virtualization Indexing (RVI) - previously called NPT IBM Virtualization Techday31 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  32. 32. Virtualizing the x86 architecture >Hardware Assisted Virtualization – Third Generation >I/O Offload Secure PCI Pass-through Allows PCI devices to be attached directly to virtual machines - Delivers near-native performance Intel : VT-D AMD : IOMMU >Single Root I/O Virtualization – SR/IOV Allows physical PCI devices to be split into multiple virtual devices Allows single PCI device to be passed through to multiple virtualmachines IBM Virtualization Techday32 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  33. 33. Virtualization and IBM IBM Virtualization Techday 33 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  34. 34. IBM’s History of Virtualization Leadership A 40 year tradition continues with PowerVM™ 1967 1973 1987 1999 2004 2007 2008 IBM IBM IBM IBM IBM intro’s IBM announces IBM develops announces announces announces POWER POWER6™, the announces hypervisor first LPAR on LPAR on Hypervisor™ first UNIX® PowerVM that would for System p™ become VM machines to the POWER™ servers with on the do physical mainframe and System i™ Live Partition mainframe partitioning Mobility IBM Virtualization Techday34 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  35. 35. Server virtualization Over 40,000 clients exploiting IBM system-level virtualization2 100% of IBM mainframes are delivered virtualization ready3 2/3 of POWER6 technology servers ship virtualization ready4 Storage virtualization Virtualization IBM has shipped over 13,000 SAN Volume Controller engines3 SVC supports over 130 disk systems64 Leadership IBM has shipped more than 3,400 virtual tape systems3 Application infrastructure virtualization WebSphere Virtual Enterprise is a leader with 200+ customers1 WebSphere Virtual Enterprise is the only virtualization solution for managing heterogeneous application servers Service management IBM leads across most areas in management software according to IDC – #1 in 9 categories including Performance & Availability, Event Automation, System management & Server Provisioning7 40 year history Virtualization services of world-class Over 10,000 IT optimization engagements2 innovation with Recognized leader in Storage Services7 and IT Consolidation Consultancy Services8 virtualization1 Managed services can build and maintain a highly virtualized environment – helping save over $100/seat/year on desktops(1) IBM inv ented the hy pervisor in 1967, was f irst to implement (4) IBM sales data in Q2, 2008. (7) IDC, 2007. logical partitioning on a Unix system in 2001 and first to (5) IBM sales data as of Q2 2008. (8) Gartner Storage Prof essional and Support Services introduce partition mobility on a Unix system in 2007. (6) Supported hardware list: http://www- Vendor; Magic Quadrant for Storage Services 2Q08.(2) IBM estimate. iew.wss?rs=5 (9) The Forrester Wave™: IT Consolidation(3) Ev ery mainf rame includes the LPAR hy pervisor in microcode. 91&uid=ssg1S1003277. Consultancies, Q2 2008 report, August 3, 2008. IBM Virtualization Techday35 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  36. 36. IBM Virtualization platform Unix Platform IBM Virtualization Techday 36 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  37. 37. Processor Technology Roadmap POWER8™ POWER7 45 nm POWER6® 65 nm POWER5™ 130 nm POWER4™ 180 nm Dual Core Dual Core High Frequencies Multi Core Enhanced Scaling On-Chip eDRAMDual Core Virtualization + SMT Power Optim ized CoresChip Multi Processing Mem ory Subsystem + Distributed Sw itch + Mem Subsystem ++Distributed Sw itch Altivec SMT++ Concept Phase Core Parallelism +Shared L2 Instruction Retry Reliability + FP Performance +Dynam ic LPARs (32) Dyn Energy Mgm t VSM & VSX (AltiVec) Mem ory bandwidth + SMT + Protection Keys+ Virtualization Protection Keys 2001 2004 2007 2010 IBM Virtualization Techday37 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  38. 38. POWER7 Portfolio Power 795 Major Features: Modular systems with linear scalability Power 780 PowerVM Virtualization Physical and Virtual Management Power 770 Roadmap to Continuous Availability Binary Compatibility Energy / Thermal Management Dual Socket Quad Socket Power 750 Power 720 / 740 POWER 775 Power710 / 730 Active Memory POWER7 POWER7 Expansion Modes RAS P7 Perf Power 755 Software P7 Advisors BladeCenter PS700 / PS701 / PS702 Energy PS703 / PS704 AIX 7.1 IBM i 7.1 IBM Virtualization Techday38 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  39. 39. PowerVM streamlines workload migration to POWER 3,300+ successful Power Migration Factory migrations to date. ® There were over 1100 Power migrations during 2010, with more than 90% from Sun and HP customers (including x86 consolidation). In 4Q10 alone, Power achieved nearly 400 competitive migrations. Cumulative Migration Factory Wins 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 2006 2008 2010 IBM Virtualization Techday39 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  40. 40. IBM Virtualization Techday40 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  41. 41. IBM Virtualization Techday41 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  42. 42. IBM Virtualization Techday42 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  43. 43. IBM Virtualization Techday43 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  44. 44. IBM Virtualization Techday44 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  45. 45. IBM Virtualization Techday45 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  46. 46. IBM Virtualization Techday46 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  47. 47. IBM Virtualization Techday47 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  48. 48. What is PowerVM? Hardware and software that delivers industry-leading virtualization on IBM POWER processor-based servers for UNIX, i and Linux clients PowerVM Editions feature Micro-Partitioning™ Virtual I/O Server Integrated Virtualization Manager Live Partition Mobility Lx86 Shared and Dedicated processor pools Logical PartitioningPowerVM is the new umbrella branding term for Power™ Systems Virtualization (Logical Partitioning, Micro-Partitioning, POWER Hypervisor, Virtual I/O Server, etc.) IBM Virtualization Techday 48 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  49. 49. PowerVM Editions are tailored to client needs PowerVM Editions Express Standard Enterprise PowerVM Editions 2 per 10 per core 10 per core Concurrent VMs offer a unified server (up to 1000) (up to 1000) virtualization Virtual I/O Server solution for all PowerVM Lx86 Power workloads Suspend/ResumePowerVM Express Edition Shared Processor Pools – Evaluations, pilots, PoCs Shared Storage Pools – Single-server projects Thin ProvisioningPowerVM Standard Edition Live Partition Mobility – Production deployments Active Memory Sharing – Server consolidation PowerVM Enterprise Edition – Multi-server deployments – Cloud infrastructure IBM Virtualization Techday49 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  50. 50. PowerVM delivers firmware-based security Unlike x86-based products such as VMware, the PowerVM hypervisor is secure by design. IBM is the only vendor that has designed the virtualized environment from ‘bare metal’ through the hypervisor. PowerVM hypervisor is part of the digitally-signed firmware with strong cryptography which makes it impossible to remotely install a modified fileset into the EPROMs of Power Systems. There are zero vulnerabilities reported against PowerVM by US CERT or by MITRE Corporation PowerVM is certified at a CC Evaluated Assurance Level 4+ Remember, zero is a number too … a very good number in the Security domain.50 IBM Virtualization Techday50 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  51. 51. Live Mobility on Power Systems Live Partition Mobility PowerVM Live Partition Mobility • Move a Logical Partition from one system to Movement of the OS and another while running applications to a different server with no loss of • Moves the LPAR including the operating system service Virtualized SAN and Network Infrastructure Virtualized SAN and Network Infrastructure Potential Benefits Improved application availability Energy saving Better workload management Live Application Mobility AIX Live Application Mobility AI X # 1 AIX # 2 • Move a WPar from one AIX instance to another W orkload Partition App Serve r Workload Pa rtiti n e-mail o Workload Partition QA while running Wo rkl o d a • Moves only the WPAR, AIX is not moved Pa rt ti o i n Wor k load Wo rkl oa d Wo l a d rk o De v P rt i i n a to Par ti ion t Pa ti n rti o Bi l l i g n D ata Min n gi We b Powe rVM™ Work l a d o Pa rtiti ns o Ma na g r for AIX e P olicy • Requires WPar Manager, and use of shared storage S ha red S tor age ( SA N or NF S ) IBM Virtualization Techday51 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  52. 52. Positive Feedback: Analyst commentary onPowerVM “IBM’s clear leadership position in the traditional Unix area — coupled with its more advanced PowerVM virtualization stack — will continue to be the core reason to adopt IBM technology. The PowerVM stack also gives POWER7 advantages over other hypervisor-based systems alternatives and, most importantly, the ability to equally support complex, mixed-application workloads across multiple operating systems.” • Brad Day, Forrester Research • (August 2010) IBM Virtualization Techday52 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  53. 53. Learn more about PowerVM on the Web ( … or Google ‘PowerVM’ and click I’m Feeling Lucky) PowerVM resources include white papers, demos, client references and Redbooks IBM Virtualization Techday53 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  54. 54. IBM Virtualization platform x86- Platform IBM Virtualization Techday 54 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  55. 55. Providing the Right Choice Enterprise eX5 iDataPlex Server Consolidation, Virtualization BladeCenter Infrastructure Scale Up Web 2.0, Simplification, HPC, Application Grid Serving Scale Out Stand alone Applications System x Rack and Tower IBM Virtualization Techday55 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  56. 56. System x Virtualization Strategy Support industry standard hypervisor technologies Drive hardware platform leadership Offer complete management solution IBM Virtualization Techday56 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  57. 57. x86 Virtualization Product Landscape VMware vSphere 5.X – Leading market share – Building strong virtual farm management product line MS Hyper V – Standalone or integrated with Windows Server – Live Migration support included in Windows Server 2008 R2 – Multi-Server management with System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2008 Xen – Open Source base – Various distributions by Red Hat, Novell, Citrix, others Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) – Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization for Servers consists of: • Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor (RHEV-H) • Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager for Servers – SLES 11 “Technology Preview” – Demonstrated live migration between Intel and AMD IBM Virtualization Techday57 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  58. 58. Client challenges with enterprise workloadsDatabase, Virtualization, Transaction processing Memory Capacity Do More With Less Simplify More virtual machines Buy what they need Speed time from when they need it deployment to Larger virtual production machines License Fees Optimized Bigger databases Operational Expense performance for their Faster database Energy and mgmt workload needs performance expenses Get more out of the Greater server Fit more into the people, IT, and utilization datacenter they have spending they have today Flexibility to get the IT Reduce cost to qualify they need, the way systems they need it Difficult challenges create an opportunity for innovation IBM Virtualization Techday 58 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  59. 59. IBM Virtualization Techday59 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  60. 60. Introducing the eX5 Portfolio System x3850 X5 IBM BladeCenter HX5 BladeCenter HX5 System x3690 X5 MAX5 Maximum memory scaling independent of processors One 4-Socket Two 2-Socket eXFlash FlexNode System Systems Extreme IOPs SSD Scheduled storage provisioning IBM Virtualization Techday60 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  61. 61. What IBM is doing differently – Decoupling!61 IBM Virtualization Techday61 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  62. 62. Take your system to the MAX with MAX5Greater productivity and utilization through memory expansion and flexibility MAX memory capacity - An additional 32 DIMM slots for x3850 X5 and x3690 X5 - An additional 24 DIMM slots for HX5 MAX virtual density - Increase the size and number of VMs MAX flexibility - Expand memory capacity, scale servers, or both MAX productivity - Increase server utilization and performance MAX license optimization - Get more done with fewer systems IBM Virtualization Techday 62 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  63. 63. 2-socket 4-socket 8-socket200 192 6TB 3TB 128100 2TB 96 64 64 DIMMs 40 32 18 EP 5 e HX X5 X5 X5 er M EX er 90 M EX 50 M EX 50 tm - IB em nt x 36 - IB em x 38 - IB em x 38 es n l n l No ha Ce No ha n lW de em em No ha em Ne a st Ne st Ne st Bl Sy Sy Sy IBM Virtualization Techday63 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  64. 64. Virtualization workloads demand more memoryIntroducing MAX5: Maximize memory capacity above competitivesystems More memory delivers: • More virtual machines • Larger virtual machines • Greater server utilization BladeCenter HX5 shown with MAX5 x3950 X5 shown with MAX5 40 memory 96 memory DIMMs DIMMs Competitive blade server 32 memory Competitive rack server DIMMs 64 memory DIMMs IBM Virtualization Techday 64 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  65. 65. MAX5 gives eX5 the virtualization advantage Additional memory bandwidth results in more average virtual machines Projected increase in average VMs with MAX5 +150% +46% +50% x3690 X5 vs. HX5 vs. x3850 X5 vs. x3690 X5 + MAX5 HX5 + MAX5 x3850 X5 + MAX5 IBM Virtualization Techday65 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  66. 66. eX5 minimizes virtualization licensing costs in two ways 78% more Virtual Machines on eX5 for the same license cost Competition server x3690 X5 VMware Enterprise Plus Cost: $3,500 / processor – Memory constrained before processors are fully utilized 2 processor: $7,000 USD 2 processors: $7,000 USD 16 DIMMs: 158 Virtual Machines 32 DIMMs: 281 Virtual Machines 50% of license cost on eX5 to support same number of Virtual Machines Competition server x3690 X5 with MAX5 VMware Enterprise Plus Cost: $3,500 / processor – Memory constrained before processors are fully utilized 4 processor: $14,000 USD 2 processors: $7,000 USD 64 DIMMs: 320 Virtual Machines 64 DIMMs: 320 Virtual Machines IBM Virtualization Techday 66 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  67. 67. eX5 virtualization optimized models Capabilities MAX5 expansion for up to a 512GB of added memory Large quantity of smaller, cheaper DIMMs per system Choice of hypervisor for customer flexibility Benefits Up to 5.3x the number of virtual machines of single VMware license industry standard 2U Intel Xeon 5500 Series system Up to 2x the number of virtual machines of single VMware license competitor Intel Xeon 7500 Series system Integrated hypervisor for simpler deployment and management 4x the VMs of industry standard 2-socket 2U systems Preconfigured Models MTM Hypervisor Processors DIMMs Memory (max) 7145-4Dx VMw are ESXi 4.0 4 x X7550 96 DIMMs 1.5TB x3950 X5 7145-4Cx RHEV-H 4 x X7550 96 DIMMs 1.5TB 71482Dx VMw are ESXi 4.0 2 x E6540 64 DIMMs 1TB x3690 X5 71482Cx RHEV-H 2 x E6540 64 DIMMs 1TB 7872-68x VMw are ESXi 4.0 2 x E6540 40 DIMMs 640GB HX5 7872-67x RHEV-H 2 x E6540 40 DIMMs 640GB IBM Virtualization Techday 67 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  68. 68. Embedded Virtualization Capability withVMware ESXix3850 X5, x3690X5 & HS22V …Experience integrated virtualization right out of the box with industry-leadingtechnology from IBM and VMware x3850 X5Simplify your IT infrastructure and help drive down total cost of ownership with highlyavailable System x and BladeCenter platformsPre-tested configurations available on IBM System x and BladeCenter servers help to x3690 X5allow for quick and easy configuration and deployment of virtual machines in a matterof minutes USB Drive KeyIBM System x and BladeCenter servers are built for reliable virtualization with IBM X-Architecture® HS22VIBM System x3850 X5 and IBM BladeCenter HS22V embedded and pretested withVMware ESXi help reduce deployment time 3i Enables you to have IBM System x and BladeCenter Servers running virtual machines in a matter of minutesIBM System x enterprise servers with the eX5 chipset and technology were designedfrom the ground up to help deliver an excellent platform for virtualization. IBM-designed chipset provides revolutionary scalability to 64 processor cores and up to 3TB of memoryIntegration of VMware ESXi on IBM System x and BladeCenter Servers can help tosimplify IT operations by the elimination of installation steps and making configurationeasier. IBM Virtualization Techday68 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  69. 69. Why is management so important? “… the days of focusing on physical Using the right virtualization system management are now gone. technologies is a critical success Upper-level management wants factor in a virtualization or greater IT operational efficiencies. CIOs require resources to be consolidation project virtualized to increase resource utilization and simplify Management of virtualized systems is management, and that data center a critical success factor for continued energy consumption be reduced.” operations - Clabby Analytics, March 2009 – Physical and virtual resources – Ability for management tools to “Growing use of virtualization solutions interoperate … has started to slow the rate of – Enabling for service management growth in physical server bases. But large-scale virtualization creates As a seller, you should care because new sets of manageability and of the platform management service quality challenges.” “stickiness factor” – International Technology Group, September 2008 IBM Virtualization Techday69 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  70. 70. Improve service with comprehensive systemsmanagementDelivering innovations throughout the systems management stack Upward integration into Tivoli Service Management IBM Tivoli IBM Systems platform solution IBM Systems Director for System x, BladeCenter, • Platform management that is easy and efficient Power Systems, System z • Management of physical and virtual resources and storage across heterogeneous systems Redesigned system tool ToolsCenter portfolio for single- • Consolidated, integrated suite of management system management and tools scripting • Powerful bootable media creator Hardware and Integrated Management Module (IMM) firmware advances • Standards-based hardware which combines which are standard diagnostic and remote control across all new UEFI—next generation BIOS systems • Richer management experience and future-ready IBM Virtualization Techday70 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  71. 71. IBM Systems Director Other ISV Service Upward Integration… ITM,TPM,TSAM,SRM,ITNM,TADDM.. Management Software . Active Energy Manager Additional Plug-Ins Additional Plug-Ins Additional Plug-Ins Extend with Advanced Capabilities… WPAR Manager Storage Control Network Control VMControl BOFM Discovery Serv ice and Support Inv entory Update Basic Functions… Status Conf iguration Monitoring Automation Cross Platform Coverage… Cross Platform71 IBM Virtualization Techday71 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  72. 72. IBM Virtualization platform System Storage Platform IBM Virtualization Techday 72 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  73. 73. Overview of IBM Storage Portfolio Entry/Midrange Enterprise File Storage Data Protection “EfficiencyStorage Systems Storage Systems Systems And Retention Enhancers” • TS Family• Storwize Family • DS8000 Family • Scale-Out NAS • Real-Time • TS1000 Compression • V7000 • DS8700 (SONAS) • TS2000 • V7000 Unified • DS8800 • N series • Easy Tier • TS3000• DS Family • XIV Family • N3000 • SAN Volume • TS7000 • N6000 Controller (SVC) • DS3000 • XIV Gen2 • ProtecTIER • DS5000 • XIV Gen3 • N7000 Deduplication • Active Cloud Engine Storage Management FlashCopy Tivoli Productivity Tivoli Storage Tivoli Key Lifecycle Manager (FCM) Center (TPC) Manager (TSM) Manager Software For IBM and IBM Business Partner staff information only. Not intended for--or distribution to--customers or other third parties IBM Virtualization Techday73 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  74. 74. Information Explosion : You have faced theproblem… Zettabytes Information doubling every 18-24 months Storage growing 20-40% per year Storage budgets up 1%-5% in 2010 Exabytes Petabytes The information explosion meets budget reality Terabytes Gigabytes 2000 2005 2010 2015 IBM Virtualization Techday74 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  75. 75. Storage Virtualization is . . . Technology that makes one set of resources look and feel like another set of resources, preferably with more desirable characteristics Logical A logical representation of resources not Representation constrained by physical limitations Hides some of the complexity Adds or integrates new functionality with existing services Virtualization Can help improve flexibility and speed responsiveness Physical Resources Source: Evaluator Group IBM Virtualization Techday75 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  76. 76. Approaches to Disk Virtualization IBM Virtualization Techday76 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  77. 77. Why Disk Virtualization? Disk virtualization complements server virtualization – Both technologies help increase flexibility and speed responsiveness Storage management used to be manually intensive, time-consuming and disruptive to the business Disk virtualization can help change that to automatic, time-saving and non-disruptive to the business Radically changes the way you think about and work with storage to make it fundamentally more flexible than just storage boxes alone IBM Virtualization Techday77 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  78. 78. In-Band Implementation In Band (Symmetric) –Software is in the data path –All I/Os go through the software Advantages –Better management possibilities –Apply functions across all managed storage –Large caches can enhance performance Disadvantages –Some I/Os experience latency IBM Virtualization Techday78 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  79. 79. Out of Band Implementation Out of Band (Asymmetric) –Control is outside the data path –I/Os follow the data path Control Advantages... Path –Very little latency added to read/write activity –Very scalable solution Disadvantages... –Some In-band intervention required, either at the host Data or switch, such that all I/Os experience some amount of latency Path –Copy services are difficult to implement –Performance is limited to speed of block device SAN IBM Virtualization Techday79 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  80. 80. Storage Problems and Limitations Today Static relationship between servers and storage systemsInefficient use, storage not available to all servers Out Out Migration of data disruptive and of SDD Driv ers of EMC Drivers SDDSpac e ers Driv EMC Drivers RDAC Driv ers Spac e time consuming Proprietary, non-interoperable Copy Services Can standardize on one vendor – usually very expensive Or restrict servers to vendors Flashcopy ? Use SVC and TPC to address Out of Spac e Free capacity DS8000 Remote Copy ? EMC DS4000 010101010101010101 Data Migration 010010101101001000 IBM Virtualization Techday 80 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  81. 81. IBM Virtualization Techday81 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  82. 82. SAN Volume Controller Delivers Value Reduces the cost and Improves Improves Improves complexity of managing business continuity storage personnel storage utilization productivity Creates tiers of Move data without Combines storage Manage a single storage interrupting capacity into a single storage resource applications resource – from from a central point Enables multi- multiple vendors vendor strategies Allocate more storage to applications Manage storage as a automatically business resource, not as separate boxes IBM Virtualization Techday82 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  83. 83. SAN Volume Controller – Impact onPerformance SVC does not hamper performance – Worst case, introduces minimal delay (50-60 microseconds or .05-.06 milliseconds) – Some cases of improved performance, should plan on equivalent performance • Increased cache, Increased Striping, etc. Strenuously tested – Independent SPC testing – approximately 70,000 IOPs per I/O Group (2145- 8G4s running V4.3 firmware) SVC is designed to scale linearly – Two I/O groups offer 2X performance of one I/O group- up to four per cluster – Can add additional clusters if needed • Might do this for other technical reasons (some other maximum) • Sometimes, business factors (“eggs in a single basket”, risk mitigation, politics) The choice to add performance without storage, or storage without performance IBM Virtualization Techday83 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  84. 84. What is the Storwize V7000? Mid-range storage system that can also virtualize external storage – Based on proven SVC software technology SAS drive attachment – SSD, 10K SAS and Nearline SAS – Up to 240 2.5” drives or 120 3.5” drives (can intermix at enclosure level) Dual-active, hot-swappable controllers – 8GB of cache per controller – 16GB total Two host interface options – Eight 8 Gbps FC ports – Four 10 Gbps iSCSI ports Customer installable and maintainable – All primary components are hot-swappable CRUs (Customer Replaceable Units)84 IBM Virtualization Techday84 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  85. 85. External Virtualization Features Transparent data movement Application Efficiently manage technology upgrades and server lease terminations by transparently moving application data from legacy disk arrays to Network new IBM Storwize V7000 Legacy IBM disk Legacy disk attach NetworkHitachi EMC NetApp IBM Sun HP NEC Bull Fujitsu PillarUSP CLARiiON, FAS ESS, FAStT StorageTek MA, EMA iStorage StoreWay Eternus AxiomLightning, Thunder Symmetrix, DS3/4/5/6/8 MSA, EVATagmaStore VMAX XIV XP85 IBM Virtualization Techday85 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  86. 86. What is ProtecTIER? IBM Virtualization Techday86 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  87. 87. Virtual Tape Library Data Deduplication Data Replication IBM Virtualization Techday87 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  88. 88. Virtual Tape Library FC TS7650 Backup Server Disk Array Software solution that resides on standard IBM xSeries server Emulates a tape library unit, including drives, cartridges and robotics Performs VTL, Deduplication, and Compression functions Uses FC-attached disk array as the backup medium88 IBM Virtualization Techday 9-Aug-1288 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  89. 89. IBM Virtualization platform IBM System z-Mainframe IBM Virtualization Techday 89 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  90. 90. IBM zEnterprise family IBM zEnterprise 196 (2817) IBM zEnterprise Blade IBM zEnterprise 114 (2818) Extension (2458)Announced 7/10 – Server w/ up to 96 PU cores Announced 7/10 Announced 07/115 models – Up to 80-way Model 002 for z196 or z114 2 models – M05 and M10Granular Offerings for up to 15 CPs zBX Racks with: Up to 5 CPsPU (Engine) Characterization – BladeCenter Chassis High levels of Granularity available – CP, SAP, IFL, ICF, zAAP, z IIP – N + 1 components – 130 Capacity IndicatorsOn Demand Capabilities – Blades PU (Engine) Characterization – CoD, CIU, CBU, On/Off CoD, CPE – Top of Rac k Switches – CP, SAP, IFL, ICF, zAAP, z IIPMemory – up to 3 TB for Server and – 8 Gb FC Switches On Demand Capabilities – Power Units – CoD, CIU, CBU, On/Off CoD. CPEup to 1 TB per LPAR – 16 GB Fi xed HSA – Advance Management Modules Memory – up to 256 GB for Server – 8 GB Fixed HSAChannels Up to 112 Blades – Four LCSSs Channels – IBM Smart Analytics Optimizer Soluti on – Two LCSSs – 3 Subc hannel Sets – MIDAW facility – POWER7 Bl ades – 2 Subc hannel Sets – Up to 240 ESCON c hannels – IBM System x Blades – MIDAW facility – Up to 288 FICON c hannels – IBM WebSphere D ataPower Integration – Up to 240 ESCON c hannels – FICON Express 8 and 8S Appliance XI50 for z Enterprise (M/T – Up to 128 FICON c hannels – zHPF 2462-4BX) – FICON Express 8 and 8S – OSA 10 GbE, GbE, 1000BASE-T –Operating Systems – zHPF – InfiniBand Coupling Links – AIX 5.3 and higher – OSA 10 GbE, GbE, 1000BASE-T – Linux for x Blades – InfiniBand Coupling LinksConfigurable Crypto Express3Parallel Sysplex clustering – Microsoft Wi ndows for x Blades* Configurable Crypto Express3HiperSockets – up to 32 –Hyp ervisor s Parallel Sysplex clusteringUp to 60 logical partitions – PowerVM Enterprise Edition HiperSockets – up to 32Enhanced Availability – Integrated Hyper visor for System x Up to 30 logical partitionsUnified Resource Manager Unified Resource ManagerOperating Systems Operating Systems – z/OS, z /VM, z/VSE, TPF, z/TPF, Linux on – z/OS, z /VM, z/VSE, z/T PF, Li nux on System z Sys tem z IBM Virtualization Techday90 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  91. 91. IBM System z Virtualization GeneticsOver 40 years of continuous innovation invirtualization zEnterprise – Refined to support modern business requirements – Exploit hardware technology for economical growth System z10 – LPAR, Integrated Facility for Linux, HiperSockets ... System z9 z/VM V5 – System z Application Assist Processors il ity, ib 64-Bit – System z Information Integration Fle x zSeries s, VM/ESA Processors tnes 9672 Virtual Switch ESA us Guest LANs Set Observer ob 9x21 i lit y, R VM/XA Virtual Machine Resource Manager ab 3090 31-Bit Virtual Disks in Storage Performance Toolkit e li ilit y, R 308x VM/HPO CMS Pipelines QDIO Enhanced Buffer State Mgmt alab 303x 64 MB Real Accounting Facility Minidisk Cache HiperSockets : Sc 4381 VM/SP Absolute | Relative SHARE SIE on SIE Automated Shutdown al ue Discontiguous Saved Segments Named Saved Systems I/O Priority Queuing sV SMP es Instruction TRACE Start Interpretive Execution (SIE) Host Page-Management Assist sin VM/370 Bu S/370 Programmable Operator (PROP) LPAR Hypervisor Integrated Facility for Linux HyperSwap Inter-User Communication Vehicle (IUCV) VM Assi st Microcode Adapter Interruption Pass-Through CP-67 Conversational Monitor System (CMS) Dedicated I/O Processors Multiple Logical Channel Subsystems (LCSS) S/360 Diagnose Hypervisor Interface Program Event Recording (PER) Open Systems Adapter (OSA) Network Switching Control Program Hypervisor Translation Look-Aside Buffer (TLB) REXX Interpreter Large SMP Dynamic Virtual Machine Timeout Dynamic Address Translation (DAT) Zone Relocation Expanded Storage Multiple Image Facility (MIF) N_Port ID Virtualization (NPIV) 1960s 1972 1980 1981 1988 1995 2007... IBM System z – a comprehensive and sophisticated suite of virtualization function IBM Virtualization Techday 91 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  92. 92. System z Virtualization TechnologyA Shared Everything ArchitectureStart Interpretive Execution Most sophisticated and functionally complete hypervisors- Establish architecture for guest systems Able to host z/OS, Linux, z/VSE, z/TPF, and z/VM-on-z/VM- Maintain status Shared everything architecture- Invoke SIE assists PR/SM – SIE – EAL 5 Highly granular resource sharing (less than 1% utilization)LPAR Zoning: each An y virtual CPU can access any virtual I/O path within thepartition has a zero-origin Hardware support: attached logical channel subsystemaddress space, allowing 10% of circuits areI/O access to memory used for virtualization z/VM can simulate devices not physically presentwithout hypervisor Application integration with HiperSockets and VLANsintervention LPAR – Up to 60 Logical Partitions Intelligent and autonomic workload management Shared resources per mainframe footprint z/VM – SIE – EAL 3+ – 100s of Virtual Machines – Shared Memory HW (LPAR) and SW (z/VM) hypervisors Hardware support, SIE, microcode assist Virtualization is transparent for Op Sys execution The potential performance impact of the Linux server farm is isolated from the other LPARs Hardware-enforced isolation IBM Virtualization Techday 92 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  93. 93. Tools & Resources IBM Virtualization Techday 93 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  94. 94. IBM Tools to achieve in IT Optimization DATA COLLECTION TOOLS CDAT TADDM- Tivoli Application Dependency Discovery Manager SYSTEMS DIRECTOR DATA ANALYSIS TOOLS ZODIAC COBRA VISIAN-Virtualization Sizing and Analysis Tool ALINEAN IBM Virtualization Techday94 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation
  95. 95. VISIAN: Virtualization SizingAnalysis tool overview and demo IBM Virtualization Techday95 IBM Confidential © 2012 IBM Corporation