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Confined Space Horizontal Entry And Rescue

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Working in Confined Spaces can be extremely dangerous, safety measures must be put into place to ensure the safety of all personnel during the work, including the provision of a specialist rescue team, who can, in the course of an emergency situation, perform the necessary assessment of the situation and conduct any rescue in a safe and controlled way.

This slide deck discusses what measures must be adopted and takes us through a real on the job scenario carried out by Abfad's rope rescue team during Confined Spaces work at Thornhill Power Station.

Published in: Engineering
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Confined Space Horizontal Entry And Rescue

  1. 1. Horizontal Entry and Rescue in Confined Spaces Emergency Rescue and Safety Cover
  2. 2. What is a Confined Space? How dangerous are they? “A confined space is any space of an enclosed nature where any danger of death exists from any number of sources”
  3. 3. What is a Confined Space? How dangerous are they? “A confined space is any space of an enclosed nature where any danger of death exists from any number of sources” Confined spaces are hazardous working areas and a full risk assessment must be carried out before any work is started, identifying any risks that may be present, or may arise as a result of the work being conducted.
  4. 4. What do the regulations say? Who will rescue me in an emergency? “ You mu st make su itab le arran gements for emergen c y resc u e wh ic h will d ep en d on the nature of the confined sp ac e, th e risks id entified an d th e likely n atu re of an emergen c y resc u e. You sh ou ld n ot rely on th e p u b lic emergency ser vices ” Regulation 5 ‘Confined Spaces Regulations’
  5. 5. What do the regulations say? Who will rescue me in an emergency? “ You mu st make su itab le arran gements for emergen c y resc u e wh ic h will d ep en d on the nature of the confined sp ac e, th e risks id entified an d th e likely n atu re of an emergen c y resc u e. You sh ou ld n ot rely on th e p u b lic emergency ser vices ” Regulation 5 ‘Confined Spaces Regulations’ Safety measures must be put into place to ensure the safety of all personnel during the confined spaces work.
  6. 6. What do the regulations say? Who will rescue me in an emergency? “ You mu st make su itab le arran gements for emergen c y resc u e wh ic h will d ep en d on the nature of the confined sp ac e, th e risks id entified an d th e likely n atu re of an emergen c y resc u e. You sh ou ld n ot rely on th e p u b lic emergency ser vices ” Regulation 5 ‘Confined Spaces Regulations’ Safety measures must be put into place to ensure the safety of all personnel during the confined spaces work. Including the provision of a specialist rescue team, who can, in the course of an emergency situation arising, perform the necessary assessment of the situation and conduct any rescue needed, in a safe and controlled way.
  7. 7. What do the regulations say? Who will rescue me in an emergency? “ You mu st make su itab le arran gements for emergen c y resc u e wh ic h will d ep en d on the nature of the confined sp ac e, th e risks id entified an d th e likely n atu re of an emergen c y resc u e. You sh ou ld n ot rely on th e p u b lic emergency ser vices ” Regulation 5 ‘Confined Spaces Regulations’ Any kind of rescue should only be attempted by a specially trained and equipped rescue team. Safety measures must be put into place to ensure the safety of all personnel during the confined spaces work. Including the provision of a specialist rescue team, who can, in the course of an emergency situation arising, perform the necessary assessment of the situation and conduct any rescue needed, in a safe and controlled way.
  8. 8. What do the regulations say? Who will rescue me in an emergency? “ You mu st make su itab le arran gements for emergen c y resc u e wh ic h will d ep en d on the nature of the confined sp ac e, th e risks id entified an d th e likely n atu re of an emergen c y resc u e. You sh ou ld n ot rely on th e p u b lic emergency ser vices ” Regulation 5 ‘Confined Spaces Regulations’ Any kind of rescue should only be attempted by a specially trained and equipped rescue team. Nearly two thirds of all deaths occurring within confined spaces are attributed to an urgent rescue attempt by untrained and unprepared people. Safety measures must be put into place to ensure the safety of all personnel during the confined spaces work. Including the provision of a specialist rescue team, who can, in the course of an emergency situation arising, perform the necessary assessment of the situation and conduct any rescue needed, in a safe and controlled way.
  9. 9. Thornhill Power Station Confined Space Rescue Scenario Thornhill Power Station is a combined cycle gas turbine power station, based in Ravensthorpe, Dewsbury.
  10. 10. Thornhill Power Station Confined Space Rescue Scenario Thornhill Power Station is a combined cycle gas turbine power station, based in Ravensthorpe, Dewsbury. Abfad Limited’s rescue team was called in to provide emergency rescue and safety cover during a scheduled outage at the power station.
  11. 11. Thornhill Power Station Confined Space Rescue Scenario Thornhill Power Station is a combined cycle gas turbine power station, based in Ravensthorpe, Dewsbury. Abfad Limited’s rescue team was called in to provide emergency rescue and safety cover during a scheduled outage at the power station. Abfad ran through several scenarios to demonstrate to site personnel the rescue strategies and techniques that would be used if an emergency situation occurred.
  12. 12. Thornhill Power Station Confined Space Rescue Scenario Inspection work was due to be carried out in the Diverter Damper box area of the HRSG gas path/GT exhaust duct. Risks and Assessment
  13. 13. Thornhill Power Station Confined Space Rescue Scenario Inspection work was due to be carried out in the Diverter Damper box area of the HRSG gas path/GT exhaust duct. Risks and Assessment The gas path can only be accessed horizontally through an opening approximately 2’ square.
  14. 14. Thornhill Power Station Confined Space Rescue Scenario Inspection work was due to be carried out in the Diverter Damper box area of the HRSG gas path/GT exhaust duct. Risks and Assessment The gas path can only be accessed horizontally through an opening approximately 2’ square. Personnel working within have a possible risk of asphyxiation from natural and methane gasses.
  15. 15. Thornhill Power Station Confined Space Rescue Scenario Inspection work was due to be carried out in the Diverter Damper box area of the HRSG gas path/GT exhaust duct. Risks and Assessment The gas path can only be accessed horizontally through an opening approximately 2’ square. Personnel working within have a possible risk of asphyxiation from natural and methane gasses. Poor lighting in the space, and multiple slip, trip and fall hazards from the many studs and bolts present.
  16. 16. Confined space risk assessment Confined Space Rescue Scenario Scaffold boards were placed over the studs at the access hatchway, these also formed part of the emergency arrangements necessary for any rescue.
  17. 17. What happened during the scenario? Confined Space Rescue Scenario The scenario consisted of: A member of staff working in the Confined Space complaining of chest pains and suffering a possible heart attack.
  18. 18. What happened during the scenario? Confined Space Rescue Scenario The scenario consisted of: A member of staff working in the Confined Space complaining of chest pains and suffering a possible heart attack. The injured person collapsed, raising the alarm verbally to the standby safety man.
  19. 19. What happened during the scenario? Confined Space Rescue Scenario The scenario consisted of: A member of staff working in the Confined Space complaining of chest pains and suffering a possible heart attack. The injured person collapsed, raising the alarm verbally to the standby safety man. The standby safety man confirmed that the air remained breathable and entered via the access hatch.
  20. 20. What happened during the scenario? Confined Space Rescue Scenario The standby safety member of the rescue team assesses the injured worked and provides initial first aid.
  21. 21. What happened during the scenario? Confined Space Rescue Scenario The standby safety member of the rescue team assesses the injured worked and provides initial first aid. The rest of the rescue team are then called into the Confined Space to provide additional help and assistance evacuating the injured party.
  22. 22. What happened during the scenario? Confined Space Rescue Scenario The standby safety member of the rescue team assesses the injured worked and provides initial first aid. The rest of the rescue team are then called into the Confined Space to provide additional help and assistance evacuating the injured party. Staff are also instructed to call the emergency services, so that once outside of the Confined Space, the worker can be given further treatment and taken swiftly to hospital.
  23. 23. What happened during the scenario? Confined Space Rescue Scenario The collapsed worker was secured into a rescue stretcher, to be removed safely from the Confined Space.
  24. 24. What happened during the scenario? Confined Space Rescue Scenario The collapsed worker was secured into a rescue stretcher, to be removed safely from the Confined Space. The rescue team used the pre-installed scaffold boards to extract the worker safely to an outside area.
  25. 25. What happened during the scenario? Confined Space Rescue Scenario The collapsed worker was secured into a rescue stretcher, to be removed safely from the Confined Space. The rescue team used the pre-installed scaffold boards to extract the worker safely to an outside area. Once outside, more treatment was given by the rescue team, the emergency services and site personnel.
  26. 26. What happened during the scenario? Confined Space Rescue Scenario “The exercise proved a successful demonstration to site personnel of a basic, horizontal, Confined Space rescue, demonstrating the site emergency procedures and the strategies and techniques used by the rescue team to perform any kind of rescue in this situation.”
  27. 27. A successful demonstration Horizontal Entry and Rescue Site personnel commented on the exercise “The control of the work by the rescue team was to a very high standard” “The exercise was conducted very professionally by Abfad”
  28. 28. Who are we? Are we qualified for this stuff? “We are Abfad Limited, based in the North East, we provide emergency rescue and safety cover for Working at Height and within Confined Spaces. We provide these services to many industries, including the power generation sector.”
  29. 29. Who are we? Are we qualified for this stuff? “We are Abfad Limited, based in the North East, we provide emergency rescue and safety cover for Working at Height and within Confined Spaces. We provide these services to many industries, including the power generation sector.” We are often called on to provide rope rescue teams to various industry sectors for safety cover work, we can demonstrate various rescue strategies and techniques to site personnel before any Confined Spaces work is carried out. This gives personnel a visible demonstration of the techniques and strategies that will be employed if an emergency situation arises, ensuring their safety at all times.
  30. 30. www.abfad.co.uk info@abfad.co.uk / +44 (0)191 543 7166 Abfad Limited have been established since 1996 and provide IRATA approved rope access services, including emergency rescue and safety cover for other people Working at height or within Confined Spaces.

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