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The Players, the Assumptions and the Tensions in Community-Based Natural Resource Management:  a look at theory and practi...
Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) <ul><li>Alternative approach to centralized CPR governance </li></ul><...
Local  Institutions 1. Biodiversity 1. Development 2. Intern. conventions 3. Maintaining Power <ul><li>Secured rights </li...
CBNRM in Ethiopia <ul><ul><li>Highland (>1500 m.a.s.l) cover about 44% of the country’s land cover & 2/3 Africa's highland...
Aims of the study <ul><li>Overall aim:  </li></ul><ul><li>To understand how and why local context (e.g., formal and inform...
Study Site 1: Guassa <ul><li>Afroalpine grassland above 3200  -3700 masl </li></ul><ul><li>Managed by traditional institut...
Study Site 2: Dinsho <ul><li>Fragmented dry Afro-montane forest </li></ul><ul><li>Located within three peasant association...
Study Site 3: Harenna Forest <ul><li>Montane moist forest </li></ul><ul><li>Used locally for beekeeping, seasonal grazing ...
Specific aims <ul><li>To examine how local institutions adapt to the changing internal and external situations in governan...
Methods <ul><li>Multiple and mixed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Questionnaires (Harenna, Guassa and Dinsho) </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Progress: Harenna <ul><li>Household survey - 10% () </li></ul><ul><li>Group interviews  (w/ beekeeper, semi pastoralist) <...
Progress: Dinsho <ul><li>Individual Interview - 10% (260) </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation of the process agreement with FZ...
Progress: Guassa <ul><li>Individual interview – 10% (491) </li></ul><ul><li>Key actors identified – for further in-depth i...
Training <ul><li>Library Search of journals and books </li></ul><ul><li>Time management </li></ul><ul><li>Project manageme...
Next 6 month plan <ul><li>Coding and recoding of survey questionnaire for analysis using SPSS (Descriptive, cross tabulati...
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The Players, the Assumptions and the Tensions in Community-Based Natural Resource Management (by Dereje Tadesse)

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The Players, the Assumptions and the Tensions in Community-Based Natural Resource Management: a look at theory and practice through three case studies in Ethiopia. Presentation given at ACES, June 2010

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The Players, the Assumptions and the Tensions in Community-Based Natural Resource Management (by Dereje Tadesse)

  1. 1. The Players, the Assumptions and the Tensions in Community-Based Natural Resource Management: a look at theory and practice through three case studies in Ethiopia <ul><li>Supervisors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dr. Anke Fischer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dr. Lorna J. Philip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dr. Natasha S. Mauthner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dr. Michelle A. Pinard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advisor: Prof. Steve Redpath </li></ul>16 June 2010, Aberdeen Dereje Tadesse Wakjira PhD Research Project, Nine Month Progress Report
  2. 2. Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) <ul><li>Alternative approach to centralized CPR governance </li></ul><ul><li>Overlap with other political processes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Politics of decentralization, citizen participation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assumes local level institutions are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capable of regulating, coordinating and negotiating (vertically and horizontally) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Local Institutions 1. Biodiversity 1. Development 2. Intern. conventions 3. Maintaining Power <ul><li>Secured rights </li></ul><ul><li>Livelihoods </li></ul>NGO CBO Line Depts. Key Players in Common Pool Resource Management
  4. 4. CBNRM in Ethiopia <ul><ul><li>Highland (>1500 m.a.s.l) cover about 44% of the country’s land cover & 2/3 Africa's highland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>88% of the human population live in this region (~80 million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CI hotspot – Afromontane Habitat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State owned - common pool resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the past ten years CBNRM has been piloted in different places in the country mainly by NGOs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recently the government of Ethiopia adopt CBNRM to its policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow process and weak local institutions are the concern </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Aims of the study <ul><li>Overall aim: </li></ul><ul><li>To understand how and why local context (e.g., formal and informal institutions) challenges the implementation of policies that strive for decentralized natural resource management. </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology: </li></ul><ul><li>Three case studies </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed methods </li></ul>
  6. 6. Study Site 1: Guassa <ul><li>Afroalpine grassland above 3200 -3700 masl </li></ul><ul><li>Managed by traditional institutions before 1974 for grazing and Grass ( Festuca sp.) harvesting for thatching </li></ul><ul><li>Communally managed by nine peasant association after 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>FZS and local gov’t provide support since 2000 – home of endemic plant and animal species </li></ul><ul><li>The institutions nested within the lower local government. </li></ul><ul><li>~8000 ha </li></ul>
  7. 7. Study Site 2: Dinsho <ul><li>Fragmented dry Afro-montane forest </li></ul><ul><li>Located within three peasant associations at three different localities </li></ul><ul><li>De jure State property since 1974 </li></ul><ul><li>Source of domestic wood and grazing land for local people </li></ul><ul><li>Open access with limited or no regulation </li></ul><ul><li>FZS started to support for CBNRM building </li></ul><ul><li>~ 2500 ha </li></ul>
  8. 8. Study Site 3: Harenna Forest <ul><li>Montane moist forest </li></ul><ul><li>Used locally for beekeeping, seasonal grazing and fore3st coffee for many years </li></ul><ul><li>Local Institutions govern resource use </li></ul><ul><li>CBNRM in progress with support of NGOs </li></ul>
  9. 9. Specific aims <ul><li>To examine how local institutions adapt to the changing internal and external situations in governance of local commons under different environments. </li></ul><ul><li>To evaluate the interplay of formal and informal institutions and how it facilitates or hinders the process of CBNRM and building local institutions in different context. </li></ul><ul><li>To understand how the objectives, expectations and assumptions of local people and other key actors engaged in governance of local commons change over time </li></ul>
  10. 10. Methods <ul><li>Multiple and mixed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Questionnaires (Harenna, Guassa and Dinsho) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heterogeneity within community </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethnography (historical and current context and process) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Participant observation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focus group discussion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In-depth interviews with key informants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Archive Review </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Progress: Harenna <ul><li>Household survey - 10% () </li></ul><ul><li>Group interviews (w/ beekeeper, semi pastoralist) </li></ul><ul><li>Key informant in-depth interviews with elders (clan leaders) </li></ul><ul><li>Archive review – NGO working about CBNRM (next plan) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Progress: Dinsho <ul><li>Individual Interview - 10% (260) </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation of the process agreement with FZS </li></ul><ul><li>Participant observation recording – meeting, PRA, workshop (will continue) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Progress: Guassa <ul><li>Individual interview – 10% (491) </li></ul><ul><li>Key actors identified – for further in-depth interview </li></ul><ul><li>Involved in meeting and discussions </li></ul>
  14. 14. Training <ul><li>Library Search of journals and books </li></ul><ul><li>Time management </li></ul><ul><li>Project management </li></ul><ul><li>Focus group interview </li></ul><ul><li>In-depth interview </li></ul><ul><li>Qualitative data analysis </li></ul>
  15. 15. Next 6 month plan <ul><li>Coding and recoding of survey questionnaire for analysis using SPSS (Descriptive, cross tabulation and correlations) </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare in-depth group interview check list for Guassa </li></ul><ul><li>Undertake in-depth interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Follow-up Dinsho and participate in key moments for observation recording </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare for Harenna further in-depth interview </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis information gap for Harenna and prepare next fieldwork </li></ul>

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