Enabling citizen choices about land use and the natural environment<br />Experience from the Sustainable Uplands and Invol...
Plan<br />Introduction<br />What can published literature tell us?<br />New research on citizen engagement in land use and...
1. Introduction<br />
Participation: frustrating...<br />... yet alluring<br />
	How can you design participatory processes that can effectively engage stakeholders in policy decisions?<br />How can we ...
2. What can published literature tell us?<br />
1. Start talking to people as soon as you can<br />From concept to completion<br />Early involvement leads to higher quali...
2. Make sure you’re talking to the right people<br /><ul><li>The nature and legitimacy of outcomes is significantly affect...
Lots of methods available now for “stakeholder analysis” </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Design the process to the goals
Identify goals with stakeholders
Be prepared to negotiate and compromise
Partnerships, ownership and active engagement in the process is more likely</li></ul>3. Make sure you know what people wan...
<ul><li>Communicate </li></ul>	e.g. information dissemination via leaflets or the mass media, hotlines and public meetings...
Manage power</li></ul>4. Be flexible: base level of participation & methods on your context & objectives<br />
<ul><li>The outcome of a participatory process is more sensitive to the manner in which it is conducted than the tools tha...
Don’t underestimate the power of investing in a good facilitator to bring people together and deliver high quality outcome...
6. Put local and scientific knowledge on an equal footing<br /><ul><li>Science can help people make more informed decisions
Local knowledge can question assumptions, and perhaps lead to more rigorous science</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Decisions ba...
The projects<br />Ecopag: quantitative analysis of 2-300 case studies<br />Involved: in-depth interviews with those who le...
Emerging lessons<br />Low levels of participation may lead to simple solutions: easily implemented and accepted but ineffe...
Emerging lessons<br />If land managers are well represented, outcomes are generally economically and practically feasible,...
4. Case Study: Sustainable Uplands<br />
Working with people in uplands to better anticipate and respond to future change<br />7 years (ending 2012)<br />Sites: Pe...
<ul><li>Inputs to policy processes e.g. via Defra’suplands policy review, CRC’s upland inquiry, Foresight, NEA, Scottish G...
>£800K for 17 projects applying project outputs e.g. Yorkshire Water, Natural England, DEFRA, Premier Waste, United Utilit...
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Enabling citizen choices about land use and the natural environment

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Best practice in stakeholder participation for environmental management from the Sustainable Uplands and Involved projects. Presented to Scottish Government Advisors, 15th March 2011

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Enabling citizen choices about land use and the natural environment

  1. 1. Enabling citizen choices about land use and the natural environment<br />Experience from the Sustainable Uplands and Involved projects<br />
  2. 2. Plan<br />Introduction<br />What can published literature tell us?<br />New research on citizen engagement in land use and environmental decisions<br />Case Study: Lessons from the Sustainable Uplands project<br />
  3. 3. 1. Introduction<br />
  4. 4. Participation: frustrating...<br />... yet alluring<br />
  5. 5. How can you design participatory processes that can effectively engage stakeholders in policy decisions?<br />How can we harness participation to achieve social and environmental benefits, but avoid the pitfalls? <br />
  6. 6. 2. What can published literature tell us?<br />
  7. 7. 1. Start talking to people as soon as you can<br />From concept to completion<br />Early involvement leads to higher quality and more durable decisions<br />Avoid raising false expectations: make sure there’s something to negotiate<br />
  8. 8. 2. Make sure you’re talking to the right people<br /><ul><li>The nature and legitimacy of outcomes is significantly affected by participant mix
  9. 9. Lots of methods available now for “stakeholder analysis” </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Design the process to the goals
  10. 10. Identify goals with stakeholders
  11. 11. Be prepared to negotiate and compromise
  12. 12. Partnerships, ownership and active engagement in the process is more likely</li></ul>3. Make sure you know what people want to talk about<br />
  13. 13. <ul><li>Communicate </li></ul> e.g. information dissemination via leaflets or the mass media, hotlines and public meetings<br /><ul><li>Consult</li></ul>e.g. consultation documents, opinion polls and referendums, focus groups and surveys<br /><ul><li>Participate </li></ul>e.g. citizen’s juries, consensus conferences, task-forces and public meetings with voting<br /><ul><li>Tailor your methods to context
  14. 14. Manage power</li></ul>4. Be flexible: base level of participation & methods on your context & objectives<br />
  15. 15. <ul><li>The outcome of a participatory process is more sensitive to the manner in which it is conducted than the tools that are used
  16. 16. Don’t underestimate the power of investing in a good facilitator to bring people together and deliver high quality outcomes</li></ul>5. Get a facilitator<br />
  17. 17. 6. Put local and scientific knowledge on an equal footing<br /><ul><li>Science can help people make more informed decisions
  18. 18. Local knowledge can question assumptions, and perhaps lead to more rigorous science</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Decisions based on a combination of local and scientific knowledge may by more robust due to more comprehensive information inputs</li></li></ul><li>3. New research…<br />
  19. 19. The projects<br />Ecopag: quantitative analysis of 2-300 case studies<br />Involved: in-depth interviews with those who led and participated in environmental management projects/programmes<br />5 projects/programmes in Spain & 5 in Portugal<br />Along continuum from less-more participatory<br />Studying a replicated participatory process in these plus 10 other countries<br />Role of process versus context?<br />
  20. 20. Emerging lessons<br />Low levels of participation may lead to simple solutions: easily implemented and accepted but ineffective<br />High levels of participation may lead to deeper understanding, learning and more complex solutions: more effective but harder to apply<br />Policy makers with actual decision-making power, need to be included in the process for short-termimpact <br />In some cases, their presence created a power imbalance that limited active participation & generation of new ideas<br />But if decision-makers not part of process, immediate implementation of findings is less likely<br />
  21. 21. Emerging lessons<br />If land managers are well represented, outcomes are generally economically and practically feasible, and there are more social benefits (social learning, better functioning social networks, increased trust)<br />Involvement of this group increases likelihood that process outcomes are implemented in longer term<br />To get participation of land managers, the process needs to be brought to their local context and communication tailored appropriately<br />
  22. 22. 4. Case Study: Sustainable Uplands<br />
  23. 23. Working with people in uplands to better anticipate and respond to future change<br />7 years (ending 2012)<br />Sites: Peak District, Yorkshire Dales, Galloway<br />£1.1M from RELU and ESRC<br />29 researchers: Universities of Aberdeen, Leeds, St Andrews, Durham, Sheffield & others with Moors for the Future & Heather Trust <br />
  24. 24. <ul><li>Inputs to policy processes e.g. via Defra’suplands policy review, CRC’s upland inquiry, Foresight, NEA, Scottish Government Rural Land Use Study, IUCN peatland programme and consultation responses
  25. 25. >£800K for 17 projects applying project outputs e.g. Yorkshire Water, Natural England, DEFRA, Premier Waste, United Utilities, Lancashire Wildlife Trust</li></li></ul><li>Key messages<br />Worth investing to find out who wants what & tailoring the process from the outset (but you could short-cut our approach to stakeholder analysis)<br />Tailor outputs to multiple learning preferences: use a variety of techniques & technologies to unpack “black boxes”<br />Know your stakeholders to get timing right<br />
  26. 26. Key messages<br />A shared philosophy: <br />Different expertise, but compatible ways of viewing/constructing knowledge & compatible values/beliefs<br />Working in partnership: learning from and with stakeholders as equals to make a difference<br />
  27. 27. Please take one<br />DVDs<br />Cards for www.ouruplands.co.uk<br />RELU Policy & Practice Notes<br />Follow up? Possible sessions on:<br />Stakeholder analysis<br />Other participatory methods<br />Facilitation (see handout)<br />
  28. 28. www.see.leeds.ac.uk/sustainableuplands<br />www.ouruplands.co.uk<br /> Follow us on: <br /> www.twitter.com/reluuplands<br />Email: sustainableuplands@see.leeds.ac.uk<br />
  29. 29. Contact<br />www.see.leeds.ac.uk/sustainableuplands<br />Follow us on: <br />www.twitter.com/reluuplands<br />Email: sustainableuplands@see.leeds.ac.uk<br />Call or text on: 0797 428 6778<br />

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