Overview of international & national policy framework
Clifton Bain, Dr Aletta Bonn, Dr Mark Reed IUCN UK Peatland Programme
Peatland Carbon Policy Framework • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) • “Protecting and enhancing greenhouse gas sinks and carbon stores and promoting practices that reduce emissions from agriculture and forestry” • Kyoto Protocol Article 3.4 (from 2013) • “A Party included in Annex I may choose to account for anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks resulting from any or all of the following activities: revegetation, cropland management, grazing land management, and wetland drainage and rewetting”
Wetland drainage and rewetting - a system of practices for draining andrewetting on land with organic soil that covers a minimum area of 1 hectare.Applies to all lands that have been drained since 1990 and to all lands thathave been rewetted since 1990 ..Drainage is the direct human-induced lowering of the soil water table andrewetting is the direct human-induced partial or total reversal of drainage.
World leading expertise in peatland restorationMonitoring and survey to inform :-•IPCC revision of IPCC Guidance on wetlands•UK Government National Greenhouse Gas Inventory•UK and Scottish Government Climate Change targets
Carbon Markets Formal carbon markets under Kyoto Protocol Emissions Trading, Joint Implementation and Clean Development Mechanism Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation“. REDD Plus (includes peatlands) Voluntary Carbon Markets Need to consider payment for restoring function as well as maintaining and conserving function UK Government Corporate Greenhouse gas reporting