Guia para hablar en público


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Guia para hablar en público

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  • Eye Contact
    The quickest way to establish a bond with your listeners is to look them in the eye pleasantly. Avoiding their gaze is one of the surest ways to lose them. Speakers who can’t look into the eyes of their listeners are perceived as insincere or dishonest. You should be looking into the eyes of your listeners 80 to 90 percent of the time you are speaking. 
    Avoid however, the tendency to look at one part of the audience while ignoring the rest. Try your best to establish eye contact with the entire audience. If you are speaking to 25 to 50 people you can divide your audience in three and make eye contact with different people in each section throughout the presentation without making anyone uncomfortable. If your audience is larger, you should vary the sections in which you make eye contact. When addressing a small group you can usually look briefly from one person to another. For a larger group, you can scan the audience as a whole rather than trying to engage the eyes of each person individually. No matter what the size of your audience, your eyes should convey confidence, sincerity and conviction. They should say, “I am pleased to be able to talk with you. I believe deeply in what I am saying and I want you to believe it too.” 
    During your presentation, look for the cheerleaders―the achievers who make up about 20 percent of any group–and appeal to them. If you win over this group, the belongers who make up about 50 percent of any group, tend to follow. 
    Some presenters tend to be pulled toward the negative person in the audience. Rather than being energized by those who are smiling and nodding in agreement, they are pulled to the one with the frown, or the one who has fallen asleep. Don’t waste your time on such a person. You will likely lose your train of thought and miss out on others who are much more interested. 
    During your presentation keep coming back to the cheerleaders. They will make you feel good and give you confidence to make your best presentation.
    Facial Expressions. The initial feeling an audience gets from a speaker comes primarily through facial expressions. The expressions on your face can make an audience feel relaxed or anxious. To use facial expressions effectively, be yourself. Don’t try to act like someone else you’ve seen. And smile before you begin speaking. A smile is the easiest and cheapest way to improve your looks on or off the platform. It’s hard to go wrong if you offer your listeners a good smile. They may not always agree with what you are saying, but they will like you more if you smile when you speak.
    The voice has been called the melody of conversation: it can be loud, soft, harsh and angry, or mellow and soothing. The tone of voice, which represents 38 percent of any message delivered, can draw others toward you or push them away. Next to nonverbal communication, it carries the most weight in any spoken message. 
    Voice pitch, volume, tone, speed, number and length of pauses, stammering, intensity, and emotion conveyed all give a meaning far beyond the words themselves. A word may be a word, but how it is received is dependent on how it is said. Some messages are so loaded with emotional overtones that they deny the reality of what was said.
    Meaning is given to words by the sender as she chooses the words, but also is taken by the listener as she listens and interprets. Not everyone interprets meanings in the same way. Others don’t always use words the way we do, and we can end up with all sorts of misunderstandings.
  • Guia para hablar en público

    1. 1. Curso de Liderazgo Nivel 1 Hable Bien En Público
    2. 2. Tres Tipos de Discursos 1.Discurso Informativo Explicar, relatar, describir, clarificar y definir
    3. 3. 2. Discursos Persuasivos Destinados a convencer o influenciar creencias o actitudes.
    4. 4. 3. Discursos Humoristicos Priorizan el humor para influenciar a la audiencia. Blnaco: animar a la audiencia.
    5. 5. Tres Estilos Principales de Discursos 1.Orador ponderado 2.Orador electrizante 3.Orador apático.
    6. 6. Cuatro Métodos Básicos para la presentacion 1.Leer el manuscrito 2.Hablarlo de memoria 3.Hablar improvisadamente 4.Hablar casi improvisadamente
    7. 7. •Superiores •Colegas •Miembros de su equipo •Grupo de intereses especiales •Grupos mixtos
    8. 8. Reúna los materiales. •Ejemplos •Estadisticas •Testimonios
    9. 9. 1.Obtenga la atencion de la audiencia. 2.Surprenda a la audiencia con una declaracion interesante. 3.Aumente el grado de curiosidad.
    10. 10. Dos Funciones: •Dejar a la audiencia saber que está finalizando. •Reforzar la idea central.
    11. 11. •Evite usar el pizarron. •Prepare anticipadamente el material. •Asegurese que sean grandes y suficientes. •Mustrelos donde todos puedan verlos. •Evite pasarlos entre los presentes. •Muestrelos solamente cuando se este referiendo a ellos.
    12. 12. •Hable con la audiencia, no con el recurso audiovisual. •Practique antes. •Objetos verdaderos so óptimos recursos audiovisuais. •Presentaciones computarizadas.
    13. 13. Verbal 7% Tono de voz 38% No Verbales 55%
    14. 14. Contacto con los Ojos ORADOR Orador Seccion1 Seccion 1 Seccion 2 Seccion 2 Seccion 3 Seccion 3 Seccion 4 Seccion 5 Audiencia El orador tiene tres secciones para mantener contacto con los ojos. Cuanto mayor es la audiencia mas secciones tiene para mantener contacto visual
    15. 15. •Velocidad lenta al hablar – 80-90 p/m •Velocidad media – 100/150 p/m •Velocidad alta – hasta 170 p/m •Capacidad de oir – 450/600 p/m Conseguimos pensar cinco veces mas rápido de lo que hablamos.
    16. 16. 1.Prepare un bosquejo de su apresentacion. 2.Practique su apresentacion em voz alta varias veces. 3.Primero detalle su presentacion. 4.Haga su presentacion en condiciones semejantes a la real.
    17. 17. •Establece el entusiasmo por el orador. •Establece el entusiasmo por el tema. •Establece una atmosfera de bienvenida. •Aumenta la confianza en la credibilidad del orador.
    18. 18. 1.Adapte sus palabras a la ocasion. 2.Adapte sus palabras a la audiencia. 3.Cree un sentimiento de anticipacion.
    19. 19. • Su objetivo, en público, es presentar una imagen de equilibrada y tranquila serenidad. • Su objetivo, en público, es presentar una imagen de equilibrada y tranquila serenidad.
    20. 20. 1.Vistase de forma tradicional. 2.Use vestido o falda y blazer. 3.Evite tejidos que se arruguen. 4.No deje nada dentro de las bolsas. 5.Deje su bolso en el asiento.
    21. 21. 5.Observe el corte. 6. Este atenta al escote. 7.Ropas bien entalladas da mas autoridad. 8. Sujetese el cabello para darmas autoridad y dejarsu rosto a la vista. 9. Escoja zapatos comodos.
    22. 22. •No ponga las manos sobre el. •No se incline sobre el. •Adaptelo a su altura.
    23. 23. 1.No intente asegurar el microfono en la mano. 2.Mejor usar microfono de solapa. 3.Preparese para hablar sin utilizarlo. 4.Ajuste la posicion y altura del microfono antes de hablar.
    24. 24. 5. hable suficientemente cerca del microfono. 6. No permita que el microfono cubra su rosto. 7. Pronuncie bien y correctamente las palabras. 8. Este atenta a los ruidos.
    25. 25. 1.Preparacion del tema - 75% 2.Respiracion profunda - 15% 3.Control mental - 10%
    26. 26. •Escoja un tema que le agrada. •Siga o principio “como si”. •Muestre un semblante feliz.
    27. 27. • Piense positivo. • Vea a su audiencia como amigable. • No presente disculpas. • Ore. Ore nuevamente. • Ore una vez mas.