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house tree person technique

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house tree person technique

  1. 1. HOUSE TREE PERSON ASSESSMENT
  2. 2. CONTENT  Developer  History  Introduction  Purpose  Range & time  Administration  Instruction  Interpretation  References
  3. 3. DEVELOPER  Designed by John Buck  Originally based on the Goodenough scale of intellectual functioning
  4. 4. HISTORY  Developed In 1948  Updated In 1969
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION  (freehand drawing of House, Tree, and Person) is a technique designed to aid the clinician in obtaining information concerning the sensitivity, maturity, and integration of a subject's personality, and the interaction of that personality with its environment (both specific and general).
  6. 6. TWO-PHASED APPROACH  The first phase is non-verbal, creative, almost completely unstructured; the medium of expression is a relatively primitive one, drawing.  The second phase is verbal, appreciative, and more formally structured; in it the subject is provided with an opportunity to define, describe, and interpret the objects drawn and their respective environments and to associate concerning them.
  7. 7.  Buck included both qualitative and quantitative measurements
  8. 8.  Projective Test  Ambiguous  Abstract Or Unstructured Stimuli
  9. 9. PURPOSE  Measure aspects of a person's personality through interpretation of drawings and responses to questions.  Also sometimes used as part of an assessment of brain damage overall neurological functioning.
  10. 10. RANGE & TIME  Anyone over the age of three  Often used with children and adolescents.  Takes an average of 150 minutes to complete interpretation.
  11. 11. DESCRIPTION  60 questions originally designed by Buck  Such as, "Is it a happy house?" and "What is the house made of?", "About how old is that tree?" and "Is the tree alive?............(Post drawing questioning)
  12. 12. ADMINISTRATION  Use three pieces of plain white 8.5x11 paper  First phase is done with a crayon.  Second phase of HTP, the test-taker draws the same pictures with a pencil or pen. Again the test-giver asks similar questions about the drawings
  13. 13. INSTRUCTION  To draw a house, a tree and then a person, without any additional comments as to type, sized, condition and so on  Draw good picture as you wish but complete
  14. 14. INTERPRETATION  Analysis of the test takers responses and drawings aims to make inferences of personality traits and past experiences.  Has little empirical evidence to support its reliability or validity.
  15. 15. QUALITATIVE INTERPRETATION  Placement  Unnecessary part  Omission  Presser of pencil  Eraser
  16. 16. PLACEMENT  Drawing at top shows fantasy, mania  Drawing on the mid shows normality  Drawing on the bottom shows depression  Drawing on the right side shows optimistic  Drawing on the left side shows negative thinking
  17. 17. UNNECESSARY PART  Lack of confidence  Touchy  Restlessness
  18. 18. HOUSE
  19. 19.  1] Details a] Essentials [normal drawing] At least one door, one window, one wall, a roof, a chimney b] Irrelevant [e.g., shrubs, flowers, walkway
  20. 20.  2] Chimney Symbol of warmth, intimate relations and sometimes associated with phallic symbol of significance.  Absence of chimney Lacking psychological warmth or conflicts with significant male figures  Overly large overemphasis on sexual concerns and / or possible exhibitionistic tendencies.  Smoke in much profusion Inner tension
  21. 21. DOOR  a] Above baseline, without steps Interpersonal inaccessibility  b] Absence of door Extreme difficulty in allowing accessibility to others  c] Open Strong need to receive warmth from external world  d] Very large Overly dependent on others  e] With lock or hinges Defensiveness
  22. 22.  4] Fence around house Need for emotional protection  5] Gutters  Suspiciousness  6] Drawn on base of paper Basic home or intimate insecurities
  23. 23. 9] ROOF a] One-dimensional [single line connecting two walls Unimaginative or emotionally constricted b] Overly large Seeks satisfaction in fantasy 10 Shutters a] Closed Extremely defensiveness and withdrawal b] Open Ability to make sensitive interpersonal adjustments
  24. 24.  11 ]Walkway a] Very long Lessened accessibility b] Narrow at house, broad at the end Superficially friendly  12] Wall [adequacy of] Directly associated to degree of ego strength
  25. 25.  13] Window [s] a] Absence of window [s] Hostile or withdrawing b] Present on ground, absent from upper story Gap between reality and fantasy c] With curtains Reserved and controlled d] Bare Behavior is mostly blunt and direct
  26. 26. TREE
  27. 27.  Extremely large tree Aggressive tendencies  Tiny Tree Inferior, feelings of insignificance  Faint lines Feelings of inadequacy, infectiveness  Tree composed of just two lines for trunk and looped crown Impulsive, variable
  28. 28. 5] Exaggerated emphasis on trunk Emotional immaturity 6] Exaggerated emphasis on crown Inhibited emotionally, analytical 7] Exaggerated emphasis on roots Emotional responses shallow, reasoning limited
  29. 29. 8] Scar, Knothole, Broken Branch Associated with trauma, e.g., Accident, illness, rape [time determination in relation to length of tree] 9] No ground line present, no roots Repressed emotions 10] Shading, excessively dark or reinforced Hostile defenses or aggressive behaviors
  30. 30. 12] Fine, broken lines Overt anxiety 13] Knotholes Sexual symbolism a] Small and simple Sexual assault or initial sexual experience b] Outline reinforced Shock impact greater
  31. 31. d] Circles inside Experience in the past and “healing” e] Blackened Shame associated with experience f] Large Preoccupation with procreation g] Small animal inside Ambivalence surrounding childbearing
  32. 32.  Leaves Cut shows aggression  Grass Artistic ability  Fruits Family and children
  33. 33. PERSON
  34. 34.  Arms Used to change or control surrounding environment a] Fold over chest Hostile or suspicious b] Held behind back Wanting to control anger, interpersonal reluctance
  35. 35.  Legs a] Absent Constricted, possible castration anxiety b] Size difference Mixed feelings regarding independence c] Long Striving for autonomy d] Short Emotional immobility
  36. 36.  Feet Degree of interpersonal mobility a] Long Striving for security or virility b] Tiny Dependency, blunted feelings c] Omitted Lack of independence
  37. 37.  Fingers a] Long and spike like Aggressive, hostile b] Enclosed by loop or single dimension Wish to suppress aggressive impulse
  38. 38.  Head a] Large Preoccupation with fantasy life, focus on mental life b] Small Obsessive-compulsive, intellectual inadequacy c] Back to viewer Paranoid or schizoid tendencies
  39. 39.  Mouth a] Overly emphasized Immaturity, oral-aggressive b] Very large Orally erotic
  40. 40.  Shoulders a] Unequal Emotionally unstable b] Large Preoccupied with the perceived need for strength c] Squared Overly defended, hostile towards others
  41. 41.  Lips And Hairs Sexual desires  Designing Dresses Obsessive compulsive  Absence Of Ears Hallucination or any medical problem with him
  42. 42. REFERENCES  Groth-Marnat, Gary. Handbook of Psychological Assessment. 3rd edition. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1997.  Kline, Paul. The Handbook of Psychological Testing. New York: Routledge, 1999.  Reynolds, Cecil R. Comprehensive Clinical Psychology Volume 4: Assessment. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1998.
  43. 43.  Richard Niolon, Ph.D., Chicago School of Professional Psychology, Spring 2003  House tree person technique revised manual john buck
  44. 44. ANY QUESTION

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