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OFFICE ERGONOMICS: WHAT, HOW & WHY. An Essential Reading For Office Workers.

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Ergonomics at workplace
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OFFICE ERGONOMICS: WHAT, HOW & WHY. An Essential Reading For Office Workers.

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Cases of bodily pains, severe low back pain, shoulder pains and occupational stress are on the upward trend these days. Many workers are suffering LONG TERM ill effects that make they life a misery. Actions must be taken to minimise or eliminate these sources of pains. An awareness of Office ERGONOMICS could be the right remedy to solve these pains.

Cases of bodily pains, severe low back pain, shoulder pains and occupational stress are on the upward trend these days. Many workers are suffering LONG TERM ill effects that make they life a misery. Actions must be taken to minimise or eliminate these sources of pains. An awareness of Office ERGONOMICS could be the right remedy to solve these pains.

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OFFICE ERGONOMICS: WHAT, HOW & WHY. An Essential Reading For Office Workers.

  1. 1. THE ABC OF OFFICE ERGONOMICS. Presented by: Associate Professor Abdul Shukor bin Abdullah Niosh Approved Trainer, Ergonomis Assessor & Consultan (profshukor.blogspot.com)
  2. 2. 2 Objectives Of Today’s Talk At the end of this talk, participants ill be able to gain an awareness and able to understand on: 1. National Regulations on Occupational Safety & Health Hazards 2. Office Ergonomics 3. Practical Counter Measures to minimise the risks to Body Health and overall Safety at work
  3. 3. Physical Factors That Cause Health Hazards and Work-related Stress At Office. 3Sources: profshukor.blogspot.com
  4. 4. What is ERGONOMICS? 4 ‘Ergonomics’ is derived from two Greek words Ergon meaning ‘work’ and Nomos meaning ‘principles or laws’ Ergonomics = The Science of WorkErgonomics = The Science of Work Ergonomics is not a new science, although the term has become more common lately. The phrase was first coined in 1857.
  5. 5. Definition of ERGONOMICS 5 “Ergonomics is essentially fitting the workplace to the worker. The better the fit the higher the level of safety and worker efficiency.” Fitting the Task to the Human ~ Grandjean 1990
  6. 6. Occupational Safety & Health Act (OSHA) 1994 - Ministry of Human Resource 6 OSHA 1994 is a set of regulations enacted in Parliament with a broad scope involving many Sections. In its broadest sense, the Act aims at: ● the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well- being of workers in all occupations; ● the prevention among workers of adverse effects on health caused by their working conditions;
  7. 7. 7 ● the placing and maintenance of workers in an occupational environment adapted to physical and mental needs; (right person for the job) ● the adaptation of work to humans. (task fits to the worker’s capability’) Occupational Safety & Health Act (OSHA) 1994 - Ministry of Human Resource Both EMPLOYERS and EMPLOYEES can be prosecuted and penalised under OSHA 1994 Sections 15, 16, 17, 18 – General Duties of EMPLOYERS Sections 24, 25, 26, 27 – General Duties of EMPLOYEES
  8. 8. Office Environmental Factors 8 • awkward posture? • slippery / contaminated floors? • variations in levels? • exposure to extreme heat/cold? • strong air movements? • poor lighting conditions? Does the working environment result in :
  9. 9. Employees who have discomfort problems at office. 9 Graph on right, illustrates the prevalence of discomfort by work category. It is clear within this graph that Data Entry and Customer Service employees have a significantly higher incidence of discomfort within their population versus the other work groups. Close behind these groups are Designers/Engineers and Administrative Assistants. When looking at the levels of discomfort between the groups, it appears that the work categories with the higher level of exposure to computer activities have the higher prevalence of discomfort.
  10. 10. Major Cause: SEDENTARY Activities 10 A sedentary lifestyle is a type of lifestyle with no or irregular physical activity.
  11. 11. Effects of SEDENTARY lifestyle at work 11
  12. 12. Causes of Bodily Pains. 12 1. Extended Arm Reach 2. Arm is places on hard table surface 3. Compact workstation 4. Eyes and LCD Monitor not in horizontal plane 5. Office is TOO Bright 6. Wrong Chairs
  13. 13. Prolonged Sitting – Increase the risk of pain 13
  14. 14. Back Pain due to Office Activities 14 Most UPPER Back Pain (UBP) problems come from CERVICAL (C1 to C7) area. Most LOWER Back Pain (LBP) problems come from LUMBAR (L1 to L5) area.
  15. 15. The Worst Health Risk – Back Pain! 15
  16. 16. Pressures on the discs. 16
  17. 17. Stress Sensitive Areas 17
  18. 18. Correct Body Postures 18
  19. 19. Correct Body Postures 19 Source: http://cipadreip.webnode.com/news/noticia-aos-visitantes/
  20. 20. Life Plants to improve Office Surrounding 20
  21. 21. Perfect Office Anatomy 21
  22. 22. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)
  23. 23. Shoulder Pain – Rotator Cuff Tendonitis 23
  24. 24. Exercise – Body Stretching at workplace.
  25. 25. Make it as Safety Culture – Exercise Together 25
  26. 26. Easy to get from YouTube 26
  27. 27. Action Plan For You… 27 Form A Team or Committee Identify Sources of the Safety and Health Hazards Select and Develop Counter Measures and Effective Solutions Set 1 Day for Office ‘Community Program’ Green the OFFICE Install Proper Workstation Equipment
  28. 28. THANK YOU. 28 Questions? TQ and Take care of your health and safety. Prof. Abdul Shukor Email: prof.shukor@gmail.com

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