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Topic: Order Proboscidea,
Elephas - Asian elephant
Loxodonta - African elephant
Presenting to: Sir Zaheer Ahmad
Presenting...
• The word Proboscidea comes from the word proboscis, which means
"nose."
• Proboscideans are an order of eutherian mammal...
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Proboscidea
• Today there are two livi...
Range and status today
• Loxodonta: This African elephants are now largely restricted to hunting
preserves and national pa...
Geographic Range
• Present in Africa and Asia (India , Thailand etc).
• Thailand is known as land of white elephants.
All members of this order have a trunk that they use to grab food and water.
They use their trunks like humans use their h...
• Elephants require huge amounts of food, over 400 kg per individual per
day.
Uses of the trunk
• As a tool
– Grazing & browsing
– Manipulating objects
– Moving water
• As a sense organ
– Touch
– Smel...
Elephants live long lives (60-70 years). They have complex social system that
involves groups of related individuals led b...
Physical appearnce
Modern elephants have a long, muscular trunk that functions almost as a fifth
limb, and males have a pa...
The skeleton of elephants is adapted to bear massive weight, and as well, to
provide attachments for the muscles required ...
Economic importance
• Non-hunting tourism;
• International sport hunting for trophies;
• Culling (with byproducts of skin ...
It is better to be defeated on principle than to win on lies.
S-R
A Q
Order proboscidea  Shared By Abdul Qahar Buneri AWKUM BUner Campus
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Order proboscidea Shared By Abdul Qahar Buneri AWKUM BUner Campus

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Order Proboscidea Shared By Abdul Qahar Buneri AWKUM BUner Campus

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Order proboscidea Shared By Abdul Qahar Buneri AWKUM BUner Campus

  1. 1. Topic: Order Proboscidea, Elephas - Asian elephant Loxodonta - African elephant Presenting to: Sir Zaheer Ahmad Presenting by: Rashid Alam, Syed Sajjad Ali Shah Ferozi and Azra Wahab
  2. 2. • The word Proboscidea comes from the word proboscis, which means "nose." • Proboscideans are an order of eutherian mammals that include the living elephants family and several extinct families. • Member of this order is called proboscideans. Introduction
  3. 3. Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Proboscidea • Today there are two living species of Proboscidea: the African elephant Loxodonta africanus and the Asian elephant Elephas maximus.
  4. 4. Range and status today • Loxodonta: This African elephants are now largely restricted to hunting preserves and national parks. – In thick forest, status less well known (but may be common). • Elephas: Once widely distributed from India throughout continental S.E. Asia and into southern China. Now very rare. The African Elephant, Loxodonta africana Elephas
  5. 5. Geographic Range • Present in Africa and Asia (India , Thailand etc). • Thailand is known as land of white elephants.
  6. 6. All members of this order have a trunk that they use to grab food and water. They use their trunks like humans use their hands, with an upper and lower lip to grab food. They also have specialized teeth to browse and graze on vegetation as well as tusks (second upper incisors) used to scrape bark off trees, dig on the ground for food, and to fight. Food
  7. 7. • Elephants require huge amounts of food, over 400 kg per individual per day.
  8. 8. Uses of the trunk • As a tool – Grazing & browsing – Manipulating objects – Moving water • As a sense organ – Touch – Smell • As a social-signaling organ – A bearer of visual signals – A touch-communicator
  9. 9. Elephants live long lives (60-70 years). They have complex social system that involves groups of related individuals led by mature females. Life Span
  10. 10. Physical appearnce Modern elephants have a long, muscular trunk that functions almost as a fifth limb, and males have a pair of huge tusks derived from upper incisors. Their cheek teeth are uniquely adapted to their highly abrasive diet.
  11. 11. The skeleton of elephants is adapted to bear massive weight, and as well, to provide attachments for the muscles required by an animal that may feed by pushing over and uprooting entire trees.
  12. 12. Economic importance • Non-hunting tourism; • International sport hunting for trophies; • Culling (with byproducts of skin and meat)
  13. 13. It is better to be defeated on principle than to win on lies. S-R A Q

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