WHAT IS TEAM?
A group of people with a full set of
complementary skills required to
complete a task, job, or project.
Teams are a common
arrangement in today’s business
Any manager who works with or
supervises teams should be
familiar with how they develop
Initially Tuckman identified four
stages of team development.
STAGES OF TEAM DEVELOPMENT
A fifth stage was later added
by Tuckman about twelve
years later in 1977, which is
It is believe that these stages
are universal to all teams
despite the group members,
purpose, goals, culture and so
represents a time
where the group is
just starting to
• Members are cautious with their behavior.
• The desire to be accepted by all the team
• Conflict, controversy and personal opinions
Some believe that this cautious behavior
prevents the team members from getting
any real work done.
PURPOSE OF FORMING STAGE:
The focus for group members during
forming stage is to become familiar
with each other and their purpose, not
OUTCOMES OF FORMING STAGE:
• Gaining an understanding of the team
• Determining how the team will be
• Who will be responsible for what?
• Discussion of major phases of the team’s
OUTCOMES OF FORMING STAGE:
• What will be the team’s schedule.
• Outlining general group rules (including
when they will meet).
• Discovery of what resources will be
available for the team to be used.
In storming stage conflict and competitions
are at its greatest.
WHY IS THAT?
• This is because now the team members
have an understanding of the task and a
general feel for who they are as a group
and who group members are.
• They feel confident and begin to address
some of the more important issues
surrounding the team members.
• Such issues can relate to things like the
group’s tasks, individual roles and
responsibilities or even with team members
• The storming stage is where the most
dominant member of the team emerges.
• Less confident members stay in their
comfort zone and security of suppressing
their feelings just as they did in the
• If these individuals stay quiet then issues
may still exist.
• Every individual should take part in
All members have an increased need for
Such questions must be answered so that
the team can move on to the next stage.
Once a team receives the clarity that it so
desperately needs, now it can move on to
the third stage of team development.
stage is the time
when all the
• Morale of team members is high.
• They acknowledge the talents, skills and
experience that each individual brings to the
• A sense of community is established
among the team members.
• The team remains focused on the team’s
purpose and goal.
• Roles an responsibilities are clear and
• Commitment and unity is strong.
• Agreements forms among the team.
• Leadership begins to fade as important
data is shared among team members.
• People develop a stronger commitment to
the team goal, and you start to see good
progress towards it.
This is the final stage
where groups become
The team knows clearly
WHY it is doing and
WHAT is doing.
• Work and progress commences on the
basis of relatively stable structure.
• Team members are focused on task
completion and achievement.
• Action, results.
• Moving towards the completion of goals.
• Team unification and identity.
• As leader, you can delegate much of your
work, and you can concentrate on
developing team members.
• It feels easy to be part of the team at this
stage, and people who join or leave won't
is the break up of
the team, hopefully
when the task is
• Completion and disengagement.
• Separation and endings from tasks and
• Some describe this stage as Mourning or