What is an Adjective?• An adjective is a word that tells us more about a noun or a pronoun.• An adjective describes or modifies a noun.
Comparison of adjectivesThere are three forms of comparison:1. Positive2. Comparative3. Superlative
Positive Form• Use the positive form of the adjective if the comparison contains one of the following expressions:• as … as• Example: Jane is as tall as John.• not as … as / not so … as• Example: John is not as tall as Arnie.
Comparative Form and Superlative Form (-er/-est)one-syllable adjectives (clean, new, cheap)two-syllable adjectives ending in -y or -er (easy, happy, pretty, dirty,clever)Exceptions in spelling when adding -er / -est•silent ‘e’ is droppedExample: late-later-latest•final ‘y’ after a consonant becomes iExample: easy-easier-easiest•final consonant after short, stressed vowel is doubledExample: hot-hotter-hottest positive form comparative form superlative form clean cleaner (the) cleanest
A - Comparison with -er/-estclean - cleaner - (the) cleanestWe use -er/-est with the following adjectives:1) adjectives with one syllable clean cleaner cleanest new newer newest cheap cheaper cheapest
A - Comparison with -er/-est2) adjectives with two syllables and the following endings:2 - 1) adjectives with two syllables, ending in -ydirty dirtier dirtiesteasy easier easiesthappy happier happiestpretty prettier prettiest
A - Comparison with -er/-est 2 - 2) adjectives with two syllables, ending in -er clever cleverer cleverest 2 - 3) adjectives with two syllables, ending in –le simple simpler simplest 2 - 4) adjectives with two syllables, ending in –ow narrow narrower narrowest
Spelling of the adjectivesusing the endings -er/-estlarge larger largest leave out the silent -ebig bigger biggest Double the consonant after short vowelsad sadder saddestdirty dirtier dirtiest Change -y to -i (consonant before -y) Here -y is not changed to -i.shy shyer shyest (although consonant before -y)
Comparative Form and Superlative Form (more/most)•adjectives of three or more syllables (and two-syllableadjectives not ending in -y/-er) positive form comparative form superlative form difficult more difficult most difficult
C - Irregular adjectives good better best bad worse worst much more most uncountable nouns many more most countable nouns little less least little smaller smallest