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Comparisons
What is an Adjective?• An adjective is a word that tells us more about a noun or a  pronoun.• An adjective describes or mo...
Comparison of adjectivesThere are three forms of comparison:1. Positive2. Comparative3. Superlative
Positive Form• Use the positive form of the adjective if the comparison  contains one of the following expressions:• as … ...
Comparative Form and Superlative Form (-er/-est)one-syllable adjectives (clean, new, cheap)two-syllable adjectives ending ...
A - Comparison with -er/-estclean - cleaner - (the) cleanestWe use -er/-est with the following adjectives:1) adjectives wi...
A - Comparison with -er/-est2) adjectives with two syllables and the following endings:2 - 1) adjectives with two syllable...
A - Comparison with -er/-est 2 - 2) adjectives with two syllables, ending in -er             clever       cleverer     cle...
Spelling of the adjectivesusing the endings -er/-estlarge   larger    largest    leave out the silent -ebig     bigger    ...
Comparative Form and Superlative Form (more/most)•adjectives of three or more syllables (and two-syllableadjectives not en...
C - Irregular adjectives good     better    best bad      worse     worst much     more      most       uncountable nouns ...
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Chapter 9 - Comparisons

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Chapter 9 - Comparisons

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Chapter 9 - Comparisons

  1. 1. Comparisons
  2. 2. What is an Adjective?• An adjective is a word that tells us more about a noun or a pronoun.• An adjective describes or modifies a noun.
  3. 3. Comparison of adjectivesThere are three forms of comparison:1. Positive2. Comparative3. Superlative
  4. 4. Positive Form• Use the positive form of the adjective if the comparison contains one of the following expressions:• as … as• Example: Jane is as tall as John.• not as … as / not so … as• Example: John is not as tall as Arnie.
  5. 5. Comparative Form and Superlative Form (-er/-est)one-syllable adjectives (clean, new, cheap)two-syllable adjectives ending in -y or -er (easy, happy, pretty, dirty,clever)Exceptions in spelling when adding -er / -est•silent ‘e’ is droppedExample: late-later-latest•final ‘y’ after a consonant becomes iExample: easy-easier-easiest•final consonant after short, stressed vowel is doubledExample: hot-hotter-hottest positive form comparative form superlative form clean cleaner (the) cleanest
  6. 6. A - Comparison with -er/-estclean - cleaner - (the) cleanestWe use -er/-est with the following adjectives:1) adjectives with one syllable clean cleaner cleanest new newer newest cheap cheaper cheapest
  7. 7. A - Comparison with -er/-est2) adjectives with two syllables and the following endings:2 - 1) adjectives with two syllables, ending in -ydirty dirtier dirtiesteasy easier easiesthappy happier happiestpretty prettier prettiest
  8. 8. A - Comparison with -er/-est 2 - 2) adjectives with two syllables, ending in -er clever cleverer cleverest 2 - 3) adjectives with two syllables, ending in –le simple simpler simplest 2 - 4) adjectives with two syllables, ending in –ow narrow narrower narrowest
  9. 9. Spelling of the adjectivesusing the endings -er/-estlarge larger largest leave out the silent -ebig bigger biggest Double the consonant after short vowelsad sadder saddestdirty dirtier dirtiest Change -y to -i (consonant before -y) Here -y is not changed to -i.shy shyer shyest (although consonant before -y)
  10. 10. Comparative Form and Superlative Form (more/most)•adjectives of three or more syllables (and two-syllableadjectives not ending in -y/-er) positive form comparative form superlative form difficult more difficult most difficult
  11. 11. C - Irregular adjectives good better best bad worse worst much more most uncountable nouns many more most countable nouns little less least little smaller smallest

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