Chapter 13 presentation by azar

881 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
881
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
23
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
71
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 13 presentation by azar

  1. 1. 113-1 Verb + gerund13-2 Go + -ing13-3 Verb + infinitive13-4 Verb + gerund or infinitive13-5 Preposition + gerund13-6 Using by and with to express how something is done13-7 Using gerunds as subjects; using it + infinitive13-8 It + infinitive: using for (someone)13-9 Expressing purpose with in order to and for13-10 Using infinitives with too and enoughCONTENTS
  2. 2. 213-1 VERB + GERUNDShe keeps worrying abouther husband.
  3. 3. 313-1 VERB + GERUND(a) I like be with you.verb gerund• -ing form of a verb• used as a noun• object of the verbinggerund
  4. 4. 413-1 VERB + GERUND(b) They enjoy eating pizza.(c) They have finishedworking on a bigproject.(d) My sister never stopstalking on the phone.
  5. 5. 513-1 VERB + GERUND(e) I wish they wouldquit arguing.
  6. 6. 613-1 VERB + GERUND(f) Would you mind takingmy picture?
  7. 7. 713-1 VERB + GERUND(g) I usually postpone doing my taxes until thelast minute.(h) Many people put off doing their taxes untilthe last minute.
  8. 8. 813-1 VERB + GERUND(i) They have to keep (on) working until theproject is finished.
  9. 9. 913-1 VERB + GERUND(j) They are considering breaking up.(k) They are thinking about breaking up.
  10. 10. 1013-1 VERB + GERUND(l) They discussed breaking up.(m) They talked about breaking up, but theydecided to stay together.
  11. 11. 1113-1 VERB + GERUND(n) She is considering not going to work today.not + gerund = negative form
  12. 12. 1213-1 LET’S PRACTICEThey are ____________ ______ out to play.think aboutgothinking about going
  13. 13. 1313-1 LET’S PRACTICEDo you want to ________________ a new house?talk aboutbuytalk aboutbuying
  14. 14. 1413-1 LET’S PRACTICEWould you _______ ______ usless homework this week?considergiveconsider giving
  15. 15. 1513-2 GO + -INGIt’s a beautiful day.Let’s go canoeing.
  16. 16. 1613-2 GO + -ING(a) Did you go skydiving yesterday?
  17. 17. 1713-2 GO + -ING(a) Did you go skydiving yesterday?(b) We went camping on the beach.
  18. 18. 1813-2 GO + -ING(a) These guys are going skydiving soon.(b) We went camping on the beach.(c) Larry hasn’t gone skiing lately.
  19. 19. 19go + gerundcertain expressions about activities13-2 GO + -ING(a) Did you go skydiving yesterday?(b) We went camping on the beach.(c) Larry hasn’t gone skiing lately.INCORRECT: I like to go to dancing.
  20. 20. 2013-2 LET’S PRACTICEMr. Anders loves to ___ ________.gofishgo fishing
  21. 21. 2113-2 LET’S PRACTICEMy parents love to ___ ________.godancego dancing
  22. 22. 2213-3 VERB + INFINITIVEI expected you to be herean hour ago.
  23. 23. 2313-3 VERB + INFINITIVE(a) I hope to graduatethis year.
  24. 24. 2413-3 VERB + INFINITIVE(a) I hope to graduate this year(b) He intends to study hard this year.to + simple form of verb = AN INFINITIVE
  25. 25. 2513-3 VERB + INFINITIVE(a) I hope to graduate this year(b) He intends to study hard this year.(c) She decided not to attend medical school.negative = not + infinitive
  26. 26. 2613-3 LET’S PRACTICEAt their wedding, they ________ ___ ____together forever.promisestaypromised to stay
  27. 27. 2713-3 LET’S PRACTICEI _____ _____ _____ _____ on a cruise,but I can’t afford it.would lovegowould love to go
  28. 28. 2813-3 LET’S PRACTICEI ______ ___ ___ out of money.seembeseem to be
  29. 29. 2913-4 VERB + GERUND OR INFINITIVEI love to gofishing withmy dad.
  30. 30. 3013-4 VERB + GERUND OR INFINITIVE(a) All of a sudden, it began raining.(b) All of a sudden, it began to rain.gerundorinfinitivesomeverbs
  31. 31. 3113-4 LET’S PRACTICEI _____ ___ _____ in line.I _____ _______ in line.hatewaithate waitinghate to wait
  32. 32. 3213-4 LET’S PRACTICEI _____ _____ _____ yesterday, but I quit.I ______ __________ yesterday, but I quit.beginstudybegan to studybegan studying
  33. 33. 3313-5 PREPOSITION + GERUNDShe is nervous abouttestifying at the trial.
  34. 34. 3413-5 PREPOSITION + GERUND(a) Some people are afraid of driving.
  35. 35. 3513-5 PREPOSITION + GERUND(a) Some people are afraid of driving.(b) Alex is responsible for leading our teamproject.
  36. 36. 3613-5 PREPOSITION + GERUND(a) Some people are afraid of driving.(b) Alex is responsible for leading our teamproject.(c) She apologized for beingrude to her mom.
  37. 37. 3713-5 LET’S PRACTICEAngie is good ___ (teach) ________ math.at teaching
  38. 38. 3813-5 LET’S PRACTICEThey are planning ____ (study) __________all afternoon for the test.on studying
  39. 39. 3913-5 LET’S PRACTICEThey are excited ______ (start) _______their new project.about starting
  40. 40. 4013-6 USING BY AND WITH TO EXPRESS HOWSOMETHING IS DONEIt takes six hours to get fromBaltimore to Seattle by air.
  41. 41. 4113-6 USING BY AND WITH TO EXPRESS HOWSOMETHING IS DONE(a) You turn on the microwave by selecting thenumber of minutes and pressing the ON button.
  42. 42. 4213-6 USING BY AND WITH TO EXPRESS HOWSOMETHING IS DONE(a) You turn on the microwave by selecting thenumber of minutes and pressing the ON button.how somethingis doneBy + a gerund
  43. 43. 4313-6 USING BY AND WITH TO EXPRESS HOWSOMETHING IS DONE(b) I love travelling by train.
  44. 44. 4413-6 USING BY AND WITH TO EXPRESS HOWSOMETHING IS DONE(b) I love travelling by train.(c) Many people eat with chopsticks.
  45. 45. 4513-6 USING BY AND WITH TO EXPRESS HOWSOMETHING IS DONE(b) I love travelling by train.(c) Many people eat with chopsticks.byORwith+ noun how somethingis done
  46. 46. 4613-6 LET’S PRACTICESome people in London get around___ double-decker bus.bybywith
  47. 47. 4713-6 LET’S PRACTICEMost students don’t write theirreports _____ hand anymore. bywithby
  48. 48. 4813-6 LET’S PRACTICEFloors can be cleaned _____ a mop.withbywith
  49. 49. 4913-7 USING GERUNDS AS SUBJECTS; USING IT +INFINITIVERiding a motorcyclecan be exciting.
  50. 50. 50(a) Riding motorcycles is dangerous.(b) It is dangerous to ride motorcycles.13-7 USING GERUNDS AS SUBJECTS; USING IT +INFINITIVEsamemeaning
  51. 51. 51(c) Visiting other countries is fun.13-7 USING GERUNDS AS SUBJECTS; USING IT +INFINITIVEgerund subjecta gerund is singular verb is singularit subjectit to visit other countries(d) It is fun to visit other countries.
  52. 52. 5213-7 LET’S PRACTICEGerund as subjectIt is important to do well in school.________________ is important.Doing well in school
  53. 53. 5313-7 LET’S PRACTICEGerund as subjectIt can be helpful to study with a friend._____________________________.Studying with a friend can be helpful
  54. 54. 5413-7 LET’S PRACTICEGerund as subjectIs it scary to climb mountains?Yes, _______________________.climbing mountains is scary
  55. 55. 5513-8 IT + INFINITIVE: USING FOR (SOMEONE)It is a good idea foreveryone to get a flu shot.
  56. 56. 5613-8 IT + INFINITIVE: USING FOR (SOMEONE)(a) You should get a flu shot.(b) It is necessary for you to get a flu shot.similarmeaning
  57. 57. 5713-8 IT + INFINITIVE: USING FOR (SOMEONE)(a) You should get a flu shot.(b) It is necessary for you to get a flu shot.(c) He should be careful.(d) It is important for him to be careful.it is + adjective + for (someone) + infinitivephrase
  58. 58. 5813-8 IT + INFINITIVE: USING FOR (SOMEONE)(e) We don’t have to go to work today.(f) It isn’t necessary for us to go to work today.
  59. 59. 5913-8 IT + INFINITIVE: USING FOR (SOMEONE)(e) We don’t have to go to work today.(f) It isn’t necessary for us to go to work today.(g) A dog can’t drive a car.(h) It is impossible for a dog to drive a car.
  60. 60. 6013-8 LET’S PRACTICEWorld leaders should be honest.It is important ________________________.for world leaders to be honest
  61. 61. 6113-8 LET’S PRACTICEIn some cultures, brides wear red.In some cultures, it is appropriate___________________.for brides to wear red
  62. 62. 6213-8 LET’S PRACTICESnakes can’t run.It is impossible _______________.for snakes to run
  63. 63. 6313-9 EXPRESSING PURPOSE WITH IN ORDER TO ANDFORI am going to college in order toget a good education.
  64. 64. 64In order to purpose13-9 EXPRESSING PURPOSE WITH IN ORDER TO ANDFOR- Why are you going to college?(a) I am going to college because Iwant a good education.(b) I am going to college in order toget a good education.(c) I am going to college to get agood education.samemeaningin order frequently omitted
  65. 65. 6513-9 EXPRESSING PURPOSE WITH IN ORDER TO ANDFOR(d) I am going to college for an education.for purposepreposition noun
  66. 66. 6613-9 EXPRESSING PURPOSE WITH IN ORDER TO ANDFOR(d) I am going to college for an education.(e) I am going to college to get an education.INCORRECT:I am going to college for to get an education.INCORRECT:I am going to college for getting an education.
  67. 67. 6713-9 LET’S PRACTICEI went to the ATM in order to withdraw money.CORRECT INCORRECT ?OR
  68. 68. 6813-9 LET’S PRACTICEI went to the ATM for to withdraw money.CORRECT INCORRECT ?OR
  69. 69. 6913-9 LET’S PRACTICEI went to the ATM for withdrawing money.CORRECT INCORRECT ?OR
  70. 70. 7013-10 USING INFINITIVES WITH TOO AND ENOUGHThis dessert is too deliciousto resist.
  71. 71. 7113-10 USING INFINITIVES WITH TOO AND ENOUGH(a) Hang gliding is too scary to try.(b) Hang gliding is too scary for me to try.(c) Hang gliding is too scary for Sue to try.TOO + ADJECTIVE + (FOR SOMEONE) + INFINITIVE
  72. 72. 7213-10 USING INFINITIVES WITH TOO AND ENOUGHHang gliding istoo scary to try. Don’t eventhink oftrying it.too + adjective negative result
  73. 73. 7313-10 USING INFINITIVES WITH TOO AND ENOUGHHang gliding is too scary. I can’t do it.Flying is very scary, but I can do it.COMPARE
  74. 74. 7413-10 USING INFINITIVES WITH TOO AND ENOUGH(d) I don’t have enough time to mop the floor.ENOUGH + NOUN + INFINITIVE(e) Do you have enough time to do it?
  75. 75. 7513-10 USING INFINITIVES WITH TOO AND ENOUGHI’m not strongenough to mopthe floor.ADJECTIVE + ENOUGH + INFINITIVE(g) Are you strong enough to do it?(f)
  76. 76. 7613-10 LET’S PRACTICEI am too clumsy. I can’t be a waitress.I am ______________________.too clumsy to be a waitress
  77. 77. 7713-10 LET’S PRACTICEThese shoes are too small for me.These shoes aren’t ________________.big enough for me
  78. 78. 7813-10 LET’S PRACTICEHang gliding takes a lot of courage.I don’t have ______________ to try it.enough courage
  79. 79. 79PHOTO CREDITSImages used under license from:• Shutterstock, Inc.• Clipart, Inc.Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education andits licensors. All rights reserved.

×