Chapter 12 presentation by azar

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Chapter 12 presentation by azar

  1. 1. 112-1 Adjective clauses: introduction12-2 Using who and whom in adjective ...12-3 Using who, who(m), and that in adjective ...12-4 Using which and that in adjective clauses12-5 Singular and plural verbs in adjective …12-6 Using prepositions in adjective clauses12-7 Using whose in adjective clausesCONTENTS
  2. 2. 212-1 ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: INTRODUCTIONI have a terrific friendwho is very kind.
  3. 3. 311-10 CPITALIZATION12-1 ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: INTRODUCTION(a) I have a terrific friend.adjective + noun(b) I have a thoughtful friend.adjective + nounadjective modifies noun
  4. 4. 411-10 CPITALIZATION12-1 ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: INTRODUCTION(b) I have a thoughtful friend.adjective + nounadjective noun(usually)(a) I have a terrific friend.adjective + noun
  5. 5. 511-10 CPITALIZATION12-1 ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: INTRODUCTION(c) I have a friend who is always cheerful.noun + adjective clauseadjective clause modifies noun11-10 CPITALIZATION(d) I have a friend who is a doctor.noun + adjective clause11-10 CPITALIZATION(e) I have a friend who lives next door.noun + adjective clause
  6. 6. 611-10 CPITALIZATION12-1 ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: INTRODUCTION(c) I have a friend who is always cheerful.noun + adjective clausenoun adjective clause11-10 CPITALIZATION(d) I have a friend who is a doctor.noun + adjective clause11-10 CPITALIZATION(e) I have a friend who lives next door.noun + adjective clause
  7. 7. 712-2 USING WHO AND WHOM IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSESThe boy who has the phoneis adorable.
  8. 8. 812-2 USING WHO AND WHOM IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) The child is adorable.(b) The child is adorable.He has the phone.is a subject pronounheis a subject pronounwhowho has the phonehe adjective clausewho
  9. 9. 912-2 USING WHO AND WHOM IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) The child is adorable.(b) The child is adorable.who has the phoneINCORRECT: The child is adorablewho has the phone.noun adjective clause
  10. 10. 1012-2 USING WHO AND WHOM IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(c) The child was funny.(d) The child was funny.I saw him.is an object pronounhimis an object pronounwhomwhom I sawhim adjective clausewhom
  11. 11. 1112-2 USING WHO AND WHOM IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(c) The child was funny.(d) The child was funny.who has the phoneINCORRECT: The child was funny who has the phone.noun + adjective clause
  12. 12. 1212-1,12-2 LET’S PRACTICEwhotwo sentences one sentenceJonah is in my English class.He is an excellent student.who is an excellent studentis in my English class.Jonah
  13. 13. 1312-1,12-2 LET’S PRACTICEwhotwo sentences one sentenceMary is an artist.She is very talented.who is very talentedis an artist.Mary
  14. 14. 14whom we see are12-1,12-2 LET’S PRACTICEØtwo sentences one sentenceWe see the vendors.They are working in the floatingmarket.working in the floating market.The vendors
  15. 15. 15The girl that has the phoneis friendly.12-3 USING WHO, WHO(M), AND THAT IN ADJECTIVECLAUSES
  16. 16. 16(a) The girl is friendly.(b) The girl is friendly.who has the phoneINCORRECT: The girl has the phone is friendly.(c) The girl that has the phone is friendly.samemeaning12-3 USING WHO, WHO(M), AND THAT IN ADJECTIVECLAUSES
  17. 17. 17(a) The child is adorable.(c) The child is adorable.He has the phone.is a subject pronounHecan be the subjectthatthat has the phoneHe adjective clausethat12-3 USING WHO, WHO(M), AND THAT IN ADJECTIVECLAUSES
  18. 18. 18(d) The child was funny. I knew her.(e) The child was funny.who(m) I knew(f) The child that I knew was funny.12-3 USING WHO, WHO(M), AND THAT IN ADJECTIVECLAUSES(g) The child Ø I knew was funny.object pronoun can be omittedfrom adjective clauseS Owho(m)that
  19. 19. 1912-3 LET’S PRACTICECORRECT INCORRECT ?ORThe people who(m) I met last nightwere really funny.
  20. 20. 2012-3 LET’S PRACTICECORRECT INCORRECT ?ORThe woman is reading is my sister.
  21. 21. 2112-3 LET’S PRACTICECORRECT INCORRECTOR ?The woman that is reading is my sister.
  22. 22. 2212-4 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSESThe computer that I justbought is really fast.
  23. 23. 2312-4 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) My computer is really fast. It is new.(c) My computer that is new is really fast.(b) My computer which is new is really fast.s vs vs vwhich thingsthat people / thingswho, whom people
  24. 24. 2412-4 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) My computer is really fast. It is new.(c) My computer that is new is really fast.(b) My computer which is new is really fast.adjective clausewhichIt
  25. 25. 2512-4 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) My computer is really fast. It is new.(c) My computer that is new is really fast.(b) My computer which is new is really fast.adjective clausethatIt
  26. 26. 2612-4 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) That computer is really fast. It is new.(c) That computer that is new is really fast.(b) That computer which is new is really fast.INCORRECT: That computer is new is really fast.
  27. 27. 27which, that object in adjective clause12-4 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(d) The old car needs work. I drive it.(f) The old car that I drive needs work.(e) The old car which I drive needs work.s v oo s vo s v(g) The old car Ø I drive needs work.s v
  28. 28. 2812-4 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(d) The old car needs work. I drive it.(f) The old car that I drive needs work.(e) The old car which I drive needs work.(g) The old car Ø I drive needs work.same meaningsame meaning
  29. 29. 29which we played12-4 LET’S PRACTICEwhichtwo sentences one sentenceWe played a game. The game was fun.was fun.The game
  30. 30. 30we played12-4 LET’S PRACTICEØtwo sentences one sentencewas fun.The gameWe played a game. The game was fun.
  31. 31. 31the supermarket12-4 LET’S PRACTICEthattwo sentences one sentenceWhere is the supermarket?It sells great produce.that sells great produce?Where is
  32. 32. 3212-5 SINGULAR AND PLURAL VERBS IN ADJECTIVECLAUSESI have a friend who is awonderful gardener.
  33. 33. 3312-5 SINGULAR AND PLURAL VERBS IN ADJECTIVECLAUSES(a) I have a friend who is a wonderful gardener.singular noun singular verb
  34. 34. 3412-5 SINGULAR AND PLURAL VERBS IN ADJECTIVECLAUSES(b) I have friends who are wonderful gardeners.plural noun plural verb
  35. 35. 3512-5 LET’S PRACTICEisarePeople who travel to other countries___ required to have a passport.are
  36. 36. 3612-5 LET’S PRACTICEisareA set of twins that ___ not identical___ called fraternal.isis
  37. 37. 3712-5 LET’S PRACTICEspeakspeaksThere are many people inEurope who ______ more thanone language.speak
  38. 38. 3812-6 USING PREPOSITIONS IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSESThe new student I talked towas thrilled to be here.
  39. 39. 3912-6 USING PREPOSITIONS IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) The teacher is friendly. I talked to her.PREP Obj.(b) The teacher whom I talked to is friendly.PREPObj.(c) The teacher that I talked to is friendly.(d) The teacher Ø I talked to is friendly.
  40. 40. 40(e) The teacher to whom I talked is friendly.PREP Obj.FORMAL ENGLISHpreposition + whom + adjective clausewhichMUST have pronoun12-6 USING PREPOSITIONS IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES
  41. 41. 4112-6 USING PREPOSITIONS IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(f) The paper is long. I am working on it.PREP Obj.(g) The paper which I am working on is long.PREPObj.(h) The paper that I am working on is long.(i) The paper Ø I am working on is long.
  42. 42. 42(j) The paper on which I am working is long.PREP Obj.FORMAL ENGLISHpreposition + whom + adjective clausewhichMUST have pronoun12-6 USING PREPOSITIONS IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES
  43. 43. 43which wewhichtwo sentences one sentenceWe went to a game. It was boring.went to was boring.The game12-6 LET’S PRACTICE
  44. 44. 44Ø weØtwo sentences one sentencewent to was boring.The game12-6 LET’S PRACTICEWe went to a game. It was boring.
  45. 45. 4512-6 LET’S PRACTICEWe visited a Rodin museumyesterday. It was beautiful.thatthat we visitedyesterday was beautiful.The Rodin museum
  46. 46. 4612-7 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSESThe boy whose wrist isbroken has a cast.
  47. 47. 4712-7 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) The boy has a cast.His wrist is broken.
  48. 48. 4812-7 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) The boy has a cast.His wrist is broken.whose wrist(b) The boy whose wrist is broken has a cast.whose possession
  49. 49. 4912-7 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) The boy has a cast.His wrist is broken.(b) The boy whose wrist is broken has a cast.adjective clausewhose wrist
  50. 50. 5012-7 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(c) I have a friend.Her mother is a doctor.whose mother(d) I have a friend whose mother is a doctor.whose possession
  51. 51. 5112-7 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(c) I have a friend.Her mother is a doctor.whose mother(d) I have a friend whose mother is a doctor.adjective clause
  52. 52. 5212-7 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(e) The family was moving.I bought their car.
  53. 53. 5312-7 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(e) The family was moving.I bought their car.whose car(f) The family whose car I bought was moving.whose possession
  54. 54. 5412-7 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(c) The family is moving.I bought their car.whose car(d) The family whose car I bought was moving.adjective clause
  55. 55. 5512-7 LET’S PRACTICEThis is my friend Ichiro.His sister is a famousscientist.whowhosewhose sisteris a famous scientist.This is my friend Ichiro
  56. 56. 5612-7 LET’S PRACTICEI go to a great doctor.She is very busy.who is very busy.I go to a great doctorwhowhose
  57. 57. 5712-7 LET’S PRACTICEI go to a busy doctor.Her patients often have to waitin line.whose patients oftenhave to wait in line.I go to a busy doctorwhowhose
  58. 58. 5858PHOTO CREDITSImages used under license from:• Shutterstock, Inc.• Clipart, Inc.Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education andits licensors. All rights reserved.

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