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What are Anime & Manga?


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The History of ‘Manga’ & ‘Anime’
The definition of ‘Manga’ & ‘Anime’.
The Characteristics of Manga.
The genres of ‘Manga’.

Published in: Entertainment & Humor
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What are Anime & Manga?

  1. 1. »It may be the American animated films are the most globally in the twentieth century great for the diversity of large and highly successful and ability in global distribution, but that does not negate the attempts by other countries to enter the industry, is the most important European countries, including Eastern Europe, China, India, Iran, Argentina, Brazil and Mexico states, but the most prominent and the most ferocious competition in American animation is Japan with it’s cartoon featured the infamous name of anime.
  2. 2. »The first Japanese animation back to 1917, and then the industry has continued and flourished in the sixties on the work of Osamu Tezuka , who has transferred magazines Japanese comics (manga) to movies Cartoon (Anime) by his techniques and style.
  4. 4. 1. The History of ‘Manga’ & ‘Anime’ 2. The definition of ‘Manga’ & ‘Anime’. 3. The Characteristics of Manga. 4. The genres of ‘Manga’. OVERVIEW
  5. 5. 1. The History of ‘Manga’ & ‘Anime’.
  6. 6. How It Begin »Manga first started appearing during the 10th century in Japan, where it was just simple drawings. »During the 1600’s, these drawing became known as Edo. »During WWII, manga drawings were highly censored and controlled by the Japanese government, and so the styles and content drastically changed.
  7. 7. »After WWII, manga and anime first started to become extremely popular. »Osamu Tezuka debuted with a comic book in 1947, “New Treasure Island”, an Akahon »Akahon was a niche industry that provided entertainment to the poor children of post-war Japan. New Treasure Island sold an unprecedented 400,000 copies, changing the face of manga forever.
  8. 8. »In 1963, Tetsuwan Atomu (the Japanese name for Astroboy, means “Mighty Atom”) came out as a television series. This was the first anime. Astroboy was a robot that wished to be a real boy. »Next hit anime to come down the pike was Speed Racer In 1967. »Hi No Tori (Bird of Fire) was Tezuka’s greatest work, (not Astroboy) in America known as Phoenix 2772.
  9. 9. »Because Tezuka animated for Disney and was influenced by their animation and that of Max Fleischer. »Tezuka’s design was reminiscent of the Disney style of that era, but the nose was made smaller and the eyes slightly bigger, to show more emotion. »After Astroboy’s success, other artists began drawing anime to suit their own ideas of this up and coming art form.
  10. 10. Osamu Tezuka
  11. 11. Osamu Tezuka »(3 November 1928 – 9 February 1989) was a Japanese manga artist, cartoonist, animator, film producer, medical doctor and activist. Born in Osaka Prefecture, he is best known as the creator of the manga series Astro Boy, Kimba the White Lion, Black Jack, and Phoenix. His prolific output, pioneering techniques, and innovative redefinitions of genres earned him such titles as "the father of manga", "the godfather of manga" . Additionally, he is often considered the Japanese equivalent to Walt Disney, who served as a major inspiration during Tezuka's formative years.
  12. 12. Shin Takarajima (新宝島), "New Treasure Island") is a Japanese manga by Osamu Tezuka that was serialized in 1947. It is the first of Tezuka's manga to be published in tankōbon form. The series is based on Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island.
  13. 13. 2. The definition of ‘Manga’ & ‘Anime’.
  14. 14. Animation »is the process of making the illusion of motion and the illusion of change by means of the rapid display of a sequence of images that minimally differ from each other.
  15. 15. The bouncing ball animation, consists of these six frames. This animation moves at 10 frames per second.
  16. 16. comics »is a medium used to express ideas by images, often combined with text or other visual information. ‘’
  17. 17. Cartoons »Is a motion picture using animation techniques to photograph a sequence of drawings rather than real people or objects. »An artist who creates cartoons is called a cartoonist.
  18. 18. MANGA (漫画)
  19. 19. »The term “manga” came into existence In 1815, The word "manga" 漫画 consists of 2 kanji or each has a special meaning: The first kanji "man" means “in spite of oneself” or “whimsical”… The second, "ga" 画, picture, designates painting, illustration, drawing…
  20. 20. »Manga, in Japanese, means "flowing words" or "Undisciplined words". An ancient art has been used for centuries as a form of entertainment. »Manga are comics created in Japan or by creators in the Japanese language, conforming to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century.
  21. 21. ANIME (アニメ)
  22. 22. »Anime is Japanese hand-drawn or computer animation. The word is the abbreviated pronunciation of "animation" in Japanese, where this term references to all animation. »Outside Japan, anime is used to refer specifically to animation from Japan or as a Japanese-disseminated animation style often characterized by colorful graphics, vibrant characters and fantastical themes.
  23. 23. MANGAKA (漫画家) »The manga artist or the author of the manga
  24. 24. Otaku (おたく/オタク) »is a Japanese term for people with obsessive interests, commonly the anime and manga fandom.
  25. 25. 3. The Characteristics of Manga.
  26. 26. »Manga have an unique Japanese drawing style. »Manga come in all types, for all sorts of people. »Manga are usually serialized in telephone book-size magazines. »Manga are written from top to bottom, and from right to left.
  27. 27. The difference between Japanese Manga & American comics
  28. 28. American Comics Japanese Manga Language In English In Japanese Reading - front to back - panels left to right - back to front - panels right to left Colors different colors usually black and white Words a lot of dialogue fewer words Drawings elaborate/complicated simpler Stories shorter longer Publishing - not in magazines - in paperback or hardback - in magazines - in paperback
  29. 29. 4. The genres of ‘Manga’ & ‘Anime’.
  30. 30. Kodomo (子供)
  31. 31. »This word means child. »This genre of mangas target a young audience from 6 to 11 years old. The main function of the kodomo is entertain the children (girl and boy). The success of some of them, like Pokémon, widens their audience.
  32. 32. Shonen (少年漫)
  33. 33. »Most of the Japanese comics are for boys, about 11 to 17 years old. »It encourages the adolescent to develop positive energies: courage, perseverance, friendship or self- giving. »Most stories highlight a youthful hero to whom the reader identifies easily, but he also possesses a hidden talent that will allow him to surpass himself and accomplish great things. The reader is immediately immersed in the action. The authors often opt for a layout that exalts the prowess of their characters.
  34. 34. Shojo (処女)
  35. 35. »This term means girl. The shojo is aimed at schoolgirls, college students, high school students! It is somehow equivalent to the shonen but intended for a female audience. The stories deal with varied subjects such as music, sports, school, and fashion with often love stories in the background. »Most of the time they are made by female authors. »This genre obviously has its own graphic codes: the characters have long lines with finely detailed faces. It offers great creativity in layout.
  36. 36. Seinen (青年漫画)
  37. 37. »It is a subset of manga that is generally targeted at a 20–30 year old male audience, but the audience can be older with some comics aimed at businessmen well into their 40s. In Japanese, the word Seinen means "young man" or "young men" »Adventure stories, sentimental intrigues, thrillers or chronicles of everyday life, adult mangas address all themes and registers imaginable. Subjects, universes, graphics vary, from the most sober realism to the outrageous, whether comic or dramatic.
  38. 38. ». The narratives are for the most part serious, intimate, or on the contrary epic. »If this type of manga takes up the themes covered in the shonens, the plots are more complex and the characters more subtle and more difficult to pin down
  39. 39. Josei (女性)
  40. 40. »It is also called "ladies comic". »The intrigues there are more complex than in the shojo. Love relationships, seduction and sexual relations are often the main subjects of these stories, as are the concerns of modern young women such as celibacy , work and the ideal partner.
  41. 41. Mecha (メカ)
  42. 42. »The word "mecha" is an abbreviation first used in Japanese of the word "mechanical". In Japanese, mecha encompasses all mechanical objects, including cars, guns, computers, and other devices, and the term "robot" or "giant robot" to distinguish limbed vehicles from other mechanical devices. »Mostly it’s a large armored robot, typically controlled by a person riding inside the robot itself
  43. 43. “Quotations are commonly printed as a means of inspiration and to invoke philosophical thoughts from the reader”
  44. 44. »Be Yourself because an Original is worth more than a Copy
  45. 45. »If you don't like your destiny, don't accept it. Instead, have the courage to change it the way you want it to be!
  46. 46. »Ichigo! What’s the difference between a king and his horse? And I’m not talking about obvious stuff, like one’s an animal and one’s a person or one has two legs and one has four, form ability and power; that’s what’s puzzling, if there form, ability and power are exactly the same, why is it that one becomes the king and leads them to battle while the other becomes the horse and carries the king; so what’s the characteristics that distinguishes these two beings? There’s only one answer INSTINCT!”
  47. 47. Conclusion
  48. 48. »We have seen that there is a lot of variety of manga, most of these kinds allows following a Japanese throughout his life and helps him to overcome difficult tests. There is so much kind of manga (we have detailed here the most known and most widespread of them). Thanks to this wide range of choices, you will certainly find your happiness... »It only remains to define what type of ANIME or MANGA you want to start.
  49. 49. THANKS! Any questions? @AbdelGhaniTouira