•There are mixed debates around the worldwhether these countries or regions shouldbe considered in east Asia or not:Vietnam (considered either East Asiaor Southeast)Siberia in Russia (considered either EastAsia or North Asia)
Demographics Population Country Area km² Population density HDI (2011) Capital per km²China (PRC) 9,596,961 1,339,724,852 138 0.687 BeijingHong 1,104 7,061,200 6,390 0.898 Hong KongKong (PRC)Japan 377,930 127,950,000 337 0.901 TokyoMacau (PRC) 30 556,800 18,662 No Data MacauMongolia 1,564,100 2,809,600 2 0.653 UlaanbaatarNorth Korea 120,538 24,346,000 198 No Data PyongyangSouth Korea 99,828 48,988,833 500 0.897 Seoul Taiwan (ROC 36,188 23,174,528 639 0.882 Taipei)
Land FormsBaekdu/Baitou Mountain Chinese/North KoreanHalla Mountain Volcano, highest peak in South KoreaHehuan Mountain TaiwanJade Mountain TaiwanMount Fuji JapanBadain Jaran ChinaGobi Mongolia and ChinaLop Desert ChinaOrdos ChinaTaklamakan China
Bodies of water4th longest river in the world-Chang/Yangtze river: China 3722mi. 5th longest river in the world- Yenisei: Russia/China 3650mi. Largest Lake: Dongting, poyang, Quinghai Seas: Yellow, E. China, S. China
Dominant Languages:Languages which have been greatly influencedby Classical Chinese and the Chinese writingsystem, in particular Chinese, Japanese, Korean,and Vietnamese (also known as CJKV).
6 major environmental problems:Urban ExcessEnvironmental problems arise from the urban by-products of transport, industrialactivities, and the overcrowding of human habitation. Economic policies haveencouraged mass migration of labor to urban industries. The shift from rural tourban Asia will accelerate in the coming century, aggravating urban crowding andincreasing the risk of social and political conflict. Asia’s urban profile increasedfrom 27% (0.7B people) in 1980 to 38% (1.4B) in 2000 and will rise to 50% (2.3B)in 2020.To date, governments have stimulated urban migration by maintaining low foodcosts, which reduce rural incomes and increase the flight to the cities. About athird of the people in the Third World’s cities live in desperately overcrowdedslums and squatter settlements, with many peopleunemployed, uneducated, undernourished and chronically ill. Conditions willworsen as their numbers swell and transport, communication, health andsanitation systems break down. One solution to urban excesses is to divertindustry and its induced labor migration away from the mega cities towardssurrounding areas. This requires significant infrastructureinvestment, however, and establishes competing centers of political power.
Deforestation/DesertificationAsian food security is threatened by deforestation and desertification. Morethan a third of the arable land in Asia is at risk. Nearly 75% of SoutheastAsia’s original forest cover has been destroyed at an annual loss rate that isthe size of Switzerland.Regardless of motive and method, the loss of workable land hurts not onlythe harvester, but also has broad consequences for his neighbors in terms oferosion, downstream flooding, and pollution.
WaterAs the demand for water grows with population and the economy,water supplies will be increasingly polluted from untreated sewage,from industrial discharges, and from salt-water intrusion ofoverexploited water tables.
OverfishingFish are a key source of food for virtually all Asian states, providing one ofthe largest sources of animal protein to the worlds fastest growingcommodity market. The world’s largest tuna fishery crosses the jurisdictionof at least 21 countries—as well as extensive high-seas areas of thePacific Ocean—and involves harvesting by fishing vessels from 26different nations.To protect fisheries and insure sustainability, cooperative resourcemanagement schemes such as fishing quotas need to be established andenforced. Militaries, coast guards, law enforcement, and courts shouldcooperate to reduce the possibility of disputes, collisions, and pollution,such as negligent oil spills.
Global WarmingAir PollutionAir pollution from vehicles, power plants, incinerators and industry isa major problem in Asia. Outdated pollution control technology andthe use of high polluting fuels compound this problem.Health. Nine of the fifteen cities with the highest particulate levels inthe world and six out of the fifteen cities worst affected by sulfurdioxide are in East Asia. Air pollution in China caused more that175,000 premature deaths in 1995 and nearly 2 million cases ofchronic bronchitis.Transnational interest. South Korea and Japan are concernedabout economic and health effects of airborne pollutants and acidrain from coal burning power plants in nearby China. Chinas heavyuse of air-polluting coal blurs the distinction between domesticeconomics and transnational threats.