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Characteristics of living things

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There are eight common characteristics of living things that differentiates them from nonliving things. This presentation is discusses these characteristics. (Disclaimer: The contents of this presentation is credited to the authors of book and website to which I based this presentation. Shown in credits.)

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Characteristics of living things

  1. 1. Day 1 Day and Night Day 2 Sky and sea Day 3 Land and vegetation Day 4 Sun, Stars and Moon Day 5 Sea creatures including fish and birds Day 6 Animals and Mankind Day 7 Rest
  2. 2. Plants, animals and humans are ALL living things because they share some common characteristics.
  3. 3. 8 Characteristi cs of Living Things
  4. 4. 1) Organized Organisms are organized. (cells, tissues, organs, organ system) 2) Made up of Cells Organisms are made up of cells. 3) Metabolism Organisms get materials and process them for energy. 4) Homeostasis Organisms regulate their internal environment. 5) Growth Organisms have the capacity to grow and develop. 6) Reproduction Organisms have the ability to reproduce. 7) Stimuli Organisms respond to stimuli. 8) Adaptation Organisms adapt to change.
  5. 5. 1) Organized Organisms are organized. (cells, tissues, organs, organ system) 1.Organism 2.Organ System 3.Organ 4.Tissue
  6. 6. 2) Made up of Cells Organisms are made up of cells. Unicellular vs. Multicellular Red Blood Cells Onion skin epidermal cells Human cheek cells
  7. 7. 3) Metabolism Organisms get materials and process them for energy.
  8. 8. 4) Homeostasis Maintaining a stable internal environment. How it happens? • Shivering/sweating • Thirst/feeling of fullness
  9. 9. 5) Growth Organisms have the capacity to grow and develop.
  10. 10. • Bacteria- grow, they just increase in size • People – develop … they increase in size and their bodily functions change over time….until they become an adult • ex) puberty…
  11. 11. 6) Reproduction Organisms have the ability to reproduce. Sexual Asexual
  12. 12. 7) Respond to Stimulus Stimulus is a signal to which an organism responds. 1. Internal:  sugar levels drop? …then you feel hungry 2. External:  flower leans toward the window in a classroom
  13. 13. 8) Adaptation Organisms adapt to change based from their environment. a)Plants have adapted to living in dry and hot deserts. b)Fossils of ancient organisms can be used to show how organisms have changed over time.
  14. 14. 1) Organized Organisms are organized. (cells, tissues, organs, organ system) 2) Made up of Cells Organisms are made up of cells. 3) Metabolism Organisms get materials and process them for energy. 4) Homeostasis Organisms regulate their internal environment. 5) Growth Organisms have the capacity to grow and develop. 6) Reproduction Organisms have the ability to reproduce. 7) Stimuli Organisms respond to stimuli. 8) Adaptation Organisms adapt to change.
  15. 15. 1. Using only your bodies and personal effects, the group illustrates the characteristic of living things assigned to your group. 2. At a given signal, everyone freezes. 3. Points can be given to the most creative or the most realistic. Paint Me a Picture
  16. 16. Credits • You and the Natural World: Integrated Science by Lilia G. Vengco and Teresita F. Religioso. Phoenix Publishing House, Inc. • Discover Science by Allas, et. al. Diwa Learning Systems Inc. • http://www.freeclubweb.com/powerpoi

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