Literary Elements Literary Techniques
Elements• Universal constituents of literature
• Can be found in any written or oral story
Refers to an author's choice of
words. Choose from many words
that have similar denotative
meanings but different
It is a literary compound of
composition, which shows the
attitudes toward the subject and
toward the audience implied in a
• Are not universal or necessary
• Not all works contain instances of them
Anagram Figures of Speech
Is when an author refers to the
events or characters from another
story in her own story with the
hopes that those events will add
context or depth to the story she's
trying to tell.
An author often wishes to hint where
the story is going, at the same time,
doesn't wish to give away the ending.
When an author hints at the ending of
or at an upcoming event in her story
without fully divulging it.
Form of literary device wherein the
writer jumbles up parts of the word
to create a new word. From the
syllables of a phrase to the individual
letters of a word, any fraction can be
jumbled to create a new form.
An analogy is a literary device
that helps to establish a
relationship based on
similarities between two
concepts or ideas.
Involving the comparison of one thing
with another thing of a different kind,
used to make a description more
emphatic or vivid.
She is like a candy.
He runs like a cheetah
She walks gracefully as a cat.
When attempting to describe an image
or event, an author often will find it
useful to compare what she's describing
to another image or event.
He has a heart of gold.
Her home was a prison.
Your love is an ocean.
To add liveliness to a story, an author
will sometimes assign lifelike traits to
Fear knocked on the door.
My computer hates me.
Art is a jealous mistress.
Wind yells while blowing.
Alliteration is the repetition of the same
sound at the beginning of adjacent
She sells sea-shells down by the sea-
Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled
A paradox is a statement that apparently
contradicts itself and yet might be true (or
wrong at the same time). Some logical
paradoxes are known to be invalid arguments
but are still valuable in promoting critical
You can save money by spending it.
I know one thing; that I know nothing.
This is the beginning of the end.
An idiom is a phrase or a fixed
expression that has a figurative, or
sometimes literal, meaning. An
idiom's figurative meaning is
different from the literal meaning.
A chip on your shoulder - means you
are holding a grudge
High as a kite - means you are drunk or
Sick as a dog - means you are very ill
Out of the blue- means something
happens that was unexpected.