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Literary devices


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Literary devices

  1. 1. Literary Devices Literary Elements Literary Techniques
  2. 2. Literary Elements• Universal constituents of literature • Can be found in any written or oral story
  3. 3. Refers to an author's choice of words. Choose from many words that have similar denotative meanings but different connotative meanings.
  4. 4. It is a literary compound of composition, which shows the attitudes toward the subject and toward the audience implied in a literary work.
  5. 5. • Are not universal or necessary • Not all works contain instances of them Allusion Foreshadowing Anagram Figures of Speech Analogy Idiom
  6. 6. Allusion Is when an author refers to the events or characters from another story in her own story with the hopes that those events will add context or depth to the story she's trying to tell.
  7. 7. Foreshadowing An author often wishes to hint where the story is going, at the same time, doesn't wish to give away the ending. When an author hints at the ending of or at an upcoming event in her story without fully divulging it.
  8. 8. Anagram Form of literary device wherein the writer jumbles up parts of the word to create a new word. From the syllables of a phrase to the individual letters of a word, any fraction can be jumbled to create a new form.
  9. 9. Analogy An analogy is a literary device that helps to establish a relationship based on similarities between two concepts or ideas.
  10. 10. Simile Involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid.
  11. 11. Simile She is like a candy. He runs like a cheetah She walks gracefully as a cat.
  12. 12. Metaphor When attempting to describe an image or event, an author often will find it useful to compare what she's describing to another image or event.
  13. 13. Metaphor He has a heart of gold. Her home was a prison. Your love is an ocean.
  14. 14. Personification To add liveliness to a story, an author will sometimes assign lifelike traits to inanimate objects.
  15. 15. Personification Fear knocked on the door. My computer hates me. Art is a jealous mistress. Wind yells while blowing.
  16. 16. Alliteration Alliteration is the repetition of the same sound at the beginning of adjacent words.
  17. 17. Alliteration She sells sea-shells down by the sea- shore. Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers
  18. 18. Paradox A paradox is a statement that apparently contradicts itself and yet might be true (or wrong at the same time). Some logical paradoxes are known to be invalid arguments but are still valuable in promoting critical thinking.
  19. 19. Paradox You can save money by spending it. I know one thing; that I know nothing. This is the beginning of the end.
  20. 20. Idiom An idiom is a phrase or a fixed expression that has a figurative, or sometimes literal, meaning. An idiom's figurative meaning is different from the literal meaning.
  21. 21. Idiom A chip on your shoulder - means you are holding a grudge High as a kite - means you are drunk or on drugs Sick as a dog - means you are very ill Out of the blue- means something happens that was unexpected.