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SPAN OF CONTROL (1).ppt

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SPAN OF CONTROL (1).ppt

  1. 1. SPAN OF CONTROL Module -1
  2. 2. Definition and Meaning • The term Span of control means the number of subordinates or the units of work that an administrator can personally direct. • Dimock: “The Span of Control is the number and range of direct, habitual communication contacts between the chief executive of an enterprise and his principal fellow-officers”.
  3. 3. Contd.. • It is also known as span of supervision , span of management, span of responsibility, span of authoroty or span of direction.
  4. 4. Factors Affecting Span of Control i) Function ii) Time iii) Space iv) Personality of supervisor and of the subordinates v) delegation of authority, and vi) techniques of supervision
  5. 5. Types of Relationships and Span of Control • V.A. Graicunas- in his book - “Relationships in Organization” analyzed the subordinate –superior relationship in terms of following: • 1. Direct Single Relationship- • 2.Direct Group Relationship • 3.Cross Relationships
  6. 6. Graicunas Formula • The Formula is to ascertain Number of Relationships. • If n =5 • No.of Relationship= 2 1 2 n n n        
  7. 7. Challenges • Increasing use of Automation in administration • Innovative technology- makes communication easy and swift.
  8. 8. Span of Control under Revision • Growing number of Specialists.They do not tolerate interference in their respective fields by the generalists. • They are near the top as advisers. • Dislikes vertical relationships • Coordination replaces supervision and control.

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