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2.news paper layout

  1. 1. Republic DayJune 20, 2012I ndia officially the Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh- largest country by geographical area,the second-most populous country with over1.2 billion people, and the mostpopulous democracy in the world. Bounded bythe Indian Ocean on the south, the ArabianSea on the south-west, and the Bay ofBengal on the south-east, it shares landborders with Pakistan to the The Indian economy is the worlds eleventh- [d]west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north- largest by nominal GDP and third-largesteast; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east. by purchasing power parity (PPP).In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity Following market-based economic reforms inof Sri Lanka and the Maldives; in addition, 1991, India became one of the fastest-growingIndias Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a major economies; it is considered a newlymaritime border with Thailand and Indonesia. industrialised country. However, it continues toHome to the ancient Indus Valley face the challengesCivilisation and a region of historic trade routes of poverty, illiteracy, corruption,and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was and inadequate public healthcare. A nuclearidentified with its commercial and cultural weapons state and a regional power, it haswealth for much of its long history. Four of the the third-largest standing army in the worldworlds major religions— and ranks ninth in military expenditure amongHinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism— nations. India is a federal constitutionaloriginated here, republic governed under a parliamentarywhereas Zoroastrianism, Christianity, system consisting of 28 states and 7 unionand Islam arrived in the 1st millennium CE and territories. India is a pluralistic, multilingual,also helped shape the regions diverse culture. and multiethnic society. It is also home to aGradually annexed by and brought under the diversity of wildlife in a variety of protectedadministration of the British East IndiaCompany from the early 18th centuryand administered directly by the UnitedKingdom from the mid-19th century, Indiabecame an independent nation in 1947 aftera struggle for independence that was marked habitats.by non-violent resistance led by MahatmaGandhi
  2. 2. In India, several traditional and has won several medals Twenty20, andindigenous sports remain at the Olympics, the World shared the 2002fairly popular, among Shooting Championships, ICC Championsthem kabaddi, khokho, pehl and the Commonwealth Trophy with Sriwani and gilli-danda. Some Games. Other sports in Lanka. Cricket inof the earliest forms of which Indians have India isAsian martial arts, such succeeded internationally administered byas kalarippayattu, musti include the Board of Controlyuddha, silambam, badminton, boxing, and for Cricket in India,and marma adi, originated in wrestling. Football is popular or BCCI; the RanjiIndia. The Rajiv Gandhi in West Bengal, Goa, Tamil Trophy, the DuleepKhel Ratna and the Arjuna Nadu, Kerala, and the north- Trophy,Award are the highest forms eastern states. the Deodharof government recognition Trophy, the Irani  Indias officialfor athletic achievement; Trophy, and national sportthe Dronacharya Award is the NKP Salve is field hockey; it isawarded for excellence in Challenger administeredcoaching. Chess, commonly Trophy are by Hockey India.held to have originated in domestic The Indian nationalIndia as chaturaṅ ga, is competitions. hockey team wonregaining widespread Main Traditional the 1975 Hockeypopularity with the rise in the Games : World Cup andnumber of have, as of 2012,Indian grandmasters.Pachisi taken eight gold,, from one silver, and twowhich parcheesi derives, bronze Olympicwas played on a giant medals, making itmarble court by Akbar. The the sports mostimproved results garnered successful team.by the Indian Davis Cup Cricket is by far theteamand other Indian tennis most popular sport;players in the early 2010s the Indian nationalhave made tennis 1.Gilli Danda cricket team wonincreasingly popular in the 2.Kabbadi the 1983 and 2011country. India has 3.Kho-Kho etc. Cricket Worlda comparatively strong Cup events,presencein shooting sports, the 2007 ICC World