What is a green and healthy home

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  • FurNature, Lifekind, Tucker Robbins, Tempurpedic
  • What is a green and healthy home

    1. 1. What is a Green and Healthy Home? One that is sustainable and healthy for both the individual and the Planet. <ul><li>Energy efficient. </li></ul><ul><li>Built with durable, non-toxic and renewable materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Planned functionally, with an optimal layout for the users, and is of modest size. </li></ul><ul><li>Takes full advantage of natural light and orientation. </li></ul><ul><li>Physically and emotionally supportive for those who live there. </li></ul>
    2. 2. Context: Location and Orientation <ul><li>Natural topography and the lay of the land such as green spaces, trees, water, yards, gardens are formgivers to the space. </li></ul><ul><li>There is urbanity (vs. suburbanity) and its efficiencies—with public transit, vibrant retail and commercial activity, public amenities, and both a diverse and unique character to the community. </li></ul><ul><li>A sense of “Place” that make it desirable to sustain. </li></ul>Arboretum Jamaica Pond
    3. 3. Place and Solar Orientation <ul><li>Where we are in relationship to the sun, wind and water can determine the quality of our experience, our views, our “gaze”. </li></ul><ul><li>Urban planning: can “front of street” follow orientation? </li></ul>H1 H2 H1 H2
    4. 4. Renewable Energy <ul><li>Consider renewable energy sources such as photovoltaic, solar hot water, geo-thermal and wind. </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate passive solar features, orienting within 15 o of true south. </li></ul><ul><li>Control light--overhangs protect siding, allow solar heat gain through windows, and also can reduce cooling loads. </li></ul><ul><li>Design for natural cooling and air flow with light shelves, transom windows and the shade of trees. </li></ul>(Wood) (Fire) (Earth) (Air/Metal) (Water)
    5. 5. Landscaping <ul><li>For lower carbon diet, g row food as a part of the house (rooftop gardens). </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape with native species that require no irrigation once mature or group plants with similar water needs </li></ul><ul><li>Consider a meadow rather than a lawn </li></ul><ul><li>Use permeable materials on the lot to retain water run-off </li></ul>
    6. 6. Building Materials and Methods Durable, non-toxic and renewable materials used intelligently. <ul><li>Use FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) certified lumber and advanced framing. </li></ul><ul><li>Use resourceful methods such as modular construction. </li></ul><ul><li>Renovate in preference to building new. </li></ul><ul><li>US construction and building energy use account for over 47% of all CO2 emissions. </li></ul>Advanced Framing
    7. 7. Air-Sealing <ul><li>Seal ducts and weather-strip at openings to address energy, moisture and condensation issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the stack effect, thermal bridging/thermal breaks and thermal mass. </li></ul><ul><li>“Build it tight, ventilate it right”. Provide code required make-up air for combustion devices. </li></ul>ducts
    8. 8. Diagnostics and Testing “ Build it Tight, Ventilate it Right”. <ul><li>Air-changes are crucial to health and well-being. Use heat recovery ventilation systems in tight new construction. </li></ul><ul><li>Address drainage plane, moisture and humidity issues. </li></ul>SIPS House Blower Door Infrared Imagery Heat Recvovery Ventilation Triple Glazed Window
    9. 9. Insulation <ul><li>Install insulation in attic and walls (but not fiberglass w/formaldehyde). </li></ul><ul><li>Install Energy Star labeled windows with low “Low-E glass”. </li></ul><ul><li>Sequence renovations so that they don’t stress you too much emotionally and physically. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Energy and Carbon Emissions <ul><li>Correctly size the heating system to ensure household comfort and energy efficiency. </li></ul><ul><li>Plan in switches and power strips for “phantom loads”. </li></ul><ul><li>Install Energy Star appliances and programmable thermostats. </li></ul><ul><li>Use fans rather than AC, but don’t keep them on when not in the room. </li></ul><ul><li>Use compact fluorescent light bulbs or LED’s. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Water <ul><li>Filter drinking water (and reduce use of plastic bottles). </li></ul><ul><li>Reuse rain water with catchment systems and rain barrels. </li></ul><ul><li>Conserve with low flow, dual flush and composting toilets (Clivus Multrum) and waterless urinals. </li></ul>Faucet Aerator
    12. 12. Water <ul><li>Structured plumbing </li></ul><ul><li>Greywater systems to reuse non-potable water. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Outdoor/Indoor <ul><li>Overhang at entry for weather resistance, comfort, durability and convenience. </li></ul><ul><li>Track off area and mats to reduce concentrations of outdoor pollutants getting indoors. </li></ul>Step up
    14. 14. Pesticides and Cleaning Supplies <ul><li>Central vacuum cleaners remove irritants best. Avoid wall to wall carpets. </li></ul><ul><li>Make spaces easy to clean throughout. Choose natural cleaning products, or make your own. </li></ul><ul><li>Select the least toxic pesticides and use “integrated pest management” techniques or natural pesticides. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Indoor Environmental Quality <ul><li>Address any potential hazards in your indoor environment, particularly those that originate in basements such as: moisture, carbon monoxide (and combustion products) mold, lead, asbestos, radon. Install carbon monoxide detectors. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Design--Layout and Space Planning <ul><li>Make the most functional use of the space you already have and locate your furnishings optimally, according the way you really live and use your rooms. Consider natural light and u pdate your floor-plan. </li></ul><ul><li>Open plans are great, but nooks, crannies, window seats and “psychic space” with doors and acoustic insulation in partitions, is very comforting. </li></ul>
    17. 17. Indoor Air Quality <ul><li>Vent kitchens stoves (and clothes dryers) properly </li></ul><ul><li>Indoor air quality (IAQ) is affected by source materials like floor and wall finishes, furniture and cabinet materials, glues and caulks. </li></ul><ul><li>Use formaldehyde free materials for cabinets: replace or seal particle board, MDF (medium density fiberboard) and interior grade plywood </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce, reuse and recycle </li></ul>
    18. 18. Finishes <ul><li>Use low VOC paints, varnishes, flooring. Vinyl is “evil” but find the right balance. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid synthetic carpets with adhesives and backing. Use alternatives—cork, bamboo or linoleum. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Electromagnetic Fields <ul><li>Don’t live near or under transmission towers or major power lines. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure that your house is wired to code and all circuits are properly grounded. </li></ul><ul><li>Move clock radios away from your head! Put some distance between you and high voltage outlets (220v) including circuit breaker boxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Dimmer switches emit higher EMFs than regular switches. </li></ul>
    20. 20. The Bedroom <ul><li>The bed frame should be made with natural, non-conductive materials such as wood. Metals should be avoided, including in the box spring. </li></ul><ul><li>Mattress and bedding can be natural rubber, wool or cotton. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider acoustics, natural light (U.V.), and environmentally friendly fabrics. </li></ul>
    21. 21. Furnishings <ul><li>Reduce clutter </li></ul><ul><li>Only own what you love </li></ul><ul><li>Let it be made of natural, non-toxic materials </li></ul>
    22. 22. Design, Renovations, Consultations Come talk to us about a green renovation, an addition, or a healthy home consultation. The knowledge you’ll receive will improve your projects and help them pay back for themselves.

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