State Homeland Security Assessment and Strategy (SHSAS)


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State Homeland Security Assessment and Strategy (SHSAS)

  1. 1. State Homeland Security Assessment and Strategy (SHSAS) Geospatial Addendum 2005 Section I. Introduction Geospatial Technologies (GT) and Geospatial Information Systems (GIS) are technologies that allow us to visualize information on intelligent maps, allow us to perform spatial analysis, share information, and create electronic and hardcopy maps for use to plan, prevent, protect, respond, and recover from any incident or event. DHS and Pennsylvania have both realized the importance of GT/GIS and formed Information Technology-centered geospatial offices to build enterprise capabilities, identify geospatial data, technology, and capability priorities, establish policy and standards, define and promote geospatial interoperability, establish the geospatial enterprise architecture, and to define minimum capabilities that are required to meet the needs of the preparedness and response communities. The Commonwealth’s Geospatial Priorities identified in this SHSAS Geospatial Addendum are: • Geospatial Data o Geospatial Data Prioritization o Critical Infrastructure o Geospatial Data Stewardship o Geospatial Data Consolidation o Geospatial Data Sharing o Federal Geospatial Data Support • Geospatial Interoperability o Multi-level Data Sharing o Avoidance of Proprietary Geospatial Applications and Data o Open Geospatial Consortium Mapping Services • Geospatial Enterprise Architecture (GEA) o Geospatial Policies and Standards o Geospatial Shared Services/Web Services o Geospatial Enterprise Server Architecture (GESA)  Geospatial Enterprise Database  Geospatial Application Hosting • Geospatial Enterprise Strengthening o Geospatial Training o Geospatial Equipment o State GT Council o Commonwealth GT Strategic Plan o State Coordinated Local and Regional Geospatial Projects o Enterprise WMD/CBRNE and Preparedness Geospatial Application Projects o State Data Fusion/Intelligence Center o Geospatial Portal Applications o NIMS/NRP Geospatial Support SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 1
  2. 2. o State Geospatial Volunteers Registry o Mobile Geospatial Response Vehicle o Other Enterprise Geospatial Applications o JNET/GIS Integration o Definition of Minimal Local and Regional Geospatial Capabilities 1.1 Background The Bureau of Geospatial Technologies (BGT) resides within the Governor’s Office of Administration, Office for Information Technology (OA/OIT), and was formed in October 2003 and further expanded in response to Executive Order 2004-8 which establishes Geospatial Technology (GT) primacy for the Commonwealth in OA/OIT. Prior to the establishment of this office, Pennsylvania lacked an entity responsible for Statewide GT Coordination which left Pennsylvania fragmented in GT operations, data sharing, and homeland security and public safety initiatives. Outlined below are the BGT Mission, Vision, Guiding Principles, and Goals. Mission: The Bureau of Geospatial Technologies develops the Geospatial Enterprise Architecture for Pennsylvania, enhances the Commonwealth’s geospatial preparedness, coordinates Executive agency and enterprise geospatial initiatives, and facilitates geospatial interoperability and data sharing across all levels of government in support of defined Pennsylvania priorities and the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI). Vision: Geospatial Technologies will improve how governments collaborate, will provide timely and relevant information to decision makers, and will improve the safety, welfare, and quality of life for the Commonwealth of its citizens. Guiding Principles: o Improve government services o Geospatial Enterprise Architecture Development o Leverage every dollar spent for the extended enterprise o Maximize sharing of ideas, knowledge, data and applications o Listen and understand partner needs and priorities to inform decision-making o Remain agile and open to new ideas, always guided by a long-range plan o Maintain constant awareness of trends and opportunities o Relationships and communications trump technologies Goals: o To make Commonwealth government operations more effective and efficient. o To develop the GEA to guide investments and GESA to build centralized geospatial assets for use by all governments and first responders in the Commonwealth. o To improve geospatial data management efforts. o To establish a Statewide GT Council to augment GT governance within Commonwealth agencies. o To define data stewards to reduce overlap and duplication of Commonwealth geospatial efforts. o To define geospatial data standards that facilitate data sharing. o To build sustainable geospatial capabilities and capacity across the extended enterprise. SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 2
  3. 3. In order to gain support and understanding of its mission, BGT facilitated the creation of a GT Governance Structure (See Geospatial Appendix A) within state government to increase communication and guide GT decision-making. The policy-oriented GT Advisory Council (GTAC) has guided BGT toward areas with public safety and homeland security benefits and which advance the overall GT goals for the Commonwealth. 1.2 Geospatial Business Model As suggested in Executive Order 2004-8, Agencies, Boards and Commissions under the Governor’s jurisdictions that share common or related missions, business practices, or customers, were placed into one or more Communities of Practice (CoP). Over the past year, the Homeland Security/Public Safety, Environmental, General Government Operations, and Health & Human Services CoPs have all identified specific projects dependent on GT for their success. In many cases, BGT will facilitate coordination with local, state and federal agencies to accomplish common goals and execute the Community of Practice projects; and as required, enterprise partners will include the private sector, academia, and government agencies in other states. In June 2005, BGT consolidated outreach to agencies by using the CoP structure to create the Geospatial Community of Practice for PA (GeoCoPA). This reduces the number of individual meetings needed for BGT to communicate with agencies on their projects, to brief them on enterprise projects, and to fortify the linkages with the CoPs across agencies. BGT continues to meet with state agencies, Urban Area Security Initiatives (UASI) regions and Regional Counter-Terrorism Task Forces (RCTTFs) upon request, to work on joint projects, in addition to conducting regular meetings with its various working groups and providing direct support to the Pennsylvania Emergency Agency (PEMA) and the Office of Homeland Security (OHS). 1.3 Geospatial Policies/Standards/Best Practices Model The OA/OIT is responsible for developing and administering statewide policies and standards governing management and use of the Commonwealth’s information technology resources. Policies and standards are established and communicated through documents referred to as Information Technology Bulletins (ITBs) and Management Directives. The OA/OIT has organized all of its technical standards and policies into 10 primary Enterprise Architecture domains. These domains include: Access, Application, Enterprise Project Management, Information, Integration, Network, Platform, Privacy, Security, and Systems Management. These Domains can be further categorized by Disciplines and Technology Areas. BGT serves as the “Geospatial Domain” and is responsible for the development and establishment of GT standards, policies, and best practices which ultimately align to the Information Domain. BGT receives its policy and standards direction and guidance primarily from the GTAC and the Homeland Security IT Governance Workgroup. SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 3
  4. 4. 1.4 BGT Current Projects Related to Homeland Security, Public Safety and First Responders. BGT has identified current geospatial projects related to data sharing and the development of geospatial preparedness capabilities for Homeland Security, Public Safety, and First Responders. See Geospatial Appendix B for details. Section II. Geospatial Preparedness Goals The geospatial preparedness goals discussed in this section are indicated as strategic initiatives of BGT to address Commonwealth-defined public safety, emergency response, and homeland security needs. BGT, counties, UASI regions, RCTTFs and Citizen Corps initiatives related to geospatial preparedness will continue to seek federal funding sources to address these broad goals. These initiatives can be mapped to areas of DHS ODP funding guidelines including: • Planning • Staffing, as allowed by the various SHSGP grant programs for training, exercises, etc. • Equipment: IT, GIS, GPS, wireless handheld devices, etc. • Training and Exercises • WMD/CBRNE Response Capabilities In addition to defining current and future geospatial initiatives related to Commonwealth preparedness and an all-hazards approach, this section also defines a set of minimal geospatial capabilities that are desirable for the enterprise, including geospatial planning, geospatial data creation and maintenance activities, development of local and regional geospatial data sharing architectures, and planning and exercises to build and improve our capabilities. 2.1 Geospatial Data 2.1.1 Geospatial Data Prioritization Pennsylvania has defined the following framework geospatial data layer priorities for statewide geospatial assets: 1. Statewide High Resolution Orthoimagery 2. Statewide High Resolution Elevation Data 3. Statewide Addressed and Routable Roads 4. Critical Infrastructure (various) 5. Statewide Addressed Parcels 6. Statewide Addressed Buildings 7. Statewide Hydrography 8. Floodplains 9. Statewide Surveyed Boundaries 10. Place Names 11. Other Transportation Features 12. Statewide Land Cover SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 4
  5. 5. State agencies, UASI regions, RCTTFs, counties, and local governments each spend taxpayer dollars on these datasets. Funding for creation, purchase, and maintenance should be allowed provided that all data is shared. 2.1.2 Critical Infrastructure There are many definitions of critical infrastructure, including those officially defined by DHS, as well as items defined by each state, RCTTF, UASI region, and counties. The definition may vary by region, but typically includes the highest risk facilities and key assets, no matter whether the facilities are urban or rural. Pennsylvania has defined a number of statewide critical infrastructure layers, including nuclear power plants, other energy-related facilities, major utility transmission lines and pipelines, hospitals and other healthcare facilities, schools, emergency services stations (fire, police, EMS), major pharmaceutical manufacturing facilities, etc. State agencies, UASI regions, RCTTFs, counties, and local governments each spend taxpayer dollars on these datasets. Funding for creation, purchase, and maintenance should be allowed provided that all data is shared. For data that is not owned outright, PEMA and BGT will work together to provide enterprise licenses for data sets for the Commonwealth as possible. 2.1.3 Geospatial Data Stewardship BGT is currently working with state agencies to define geospatial data stewardship agreements, so that specific agencies are tasked with creating, maintaining, and supplying geospatial datasets to the enterprise. BGT conducted an inventory of the geospatial data holdings that exist within the agencies. The inventory was conducted to understand what geospatial data is created and maintained by agencies, what agency data is used by other agencies, and to determine what federal, commercial and other enterprise datasets are being used or are needed. The information received through the inventory will be reviewed and assessed by BGT and the Geospatial Technologies Steering Committee (GTSC) to determine data stewardship responsibilities, a standard projection and datum for data sharing, and to identify Metadata (information about the source, currency, and quality of the data) needs and data redundancies across the enterprise. There are costs associated with data creation and maintenance; in addition, metadata must be created, QA/QC must be performed, and the enterprise geospatial database must be updated periodically by each data steward. Other agency business requirements should be considered in order to reduce data duplication and manipulation, which may also impose additional costs. BGT is working with other organizations to identify local government geospatial datasets and the appropriate data stewards for each. Local governments have been recognized as creating and maintaining the majority of the framework data layers. It SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 5
  6. 6. will be the state’s duty to aggregate local government datasets, providing statewide data layers for the same. Data stewardship may be formally defined via Memoranda of Understanding between OIT/BGT and the defined data stewards and will indicate which geospatial data sets are covered by the agreement, attempt to identify other stakeholders, identify stakeholder business requirements, and identify requirements such as data update frequency and publication to the enterprise geospatial data repository. 2.1.4 Geospatial Data Consolidation A single source of statewide geospatial data for the Commonwealth is desirable and necessary. Placing all enterprise geospatial data assets, agency geospatial data assets that need to be shared, and federal and local government data into a single repository provides all stakeholders with a single point of reference to always find the best available, most current, and accurate data. This is a fundamental requirement in order to facilitate geospatial data sharing. As technology changes, more federated geospatial data systems will become possible, which will lead to more distributed data systems being available through a centralized portal, with transparency of where the data actually resides. State agencies, counties, municipalities, RCTTFs, UASI regions, and other regional organizations will benefit from seamless, statewide geospatial datasets for use in local, regional, statewide, and public safety planning, prevention, protection, response, and recovery activities. Federal partners will also be allowed to access the Commonwealth’s geospatial data assets. 2.1.5 Geospatial Data Sharing Each level of government in Pennsylvania is responsible for specific layers of data needed to populate the enterprise geospatial database with the highest quality, current, and accurate information available. Each level of government maintains their geospatial data to support their business functions. To promote interoperability and to make a modern base map possible, the GIS community has defined geospatial data sharing standards for the Commonwealth. The Pennsylvania Geospatial Data Sharing Standards (PGDSS) are defined as a minimal data sharing standard, in that only those fields that have been deemed necessary for the common good have been included. The PGDSS layer definitions are not designed as production standards for operational use within a county or other organization, although they might be used as such if desired. They are meant to support data interoperability and sharing across jurisdictions. Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) worked on the framework data layer definitions, and also reviewed FGDC and other industry standards in order to minimize duplication of efforts. SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 6
  7. 7. The Commonwealth will benefit from the use of more accurate and current geospatial data provided by the local government community and aggregated at the state level. The PGDSS and related data stewardship responsibilities will form the basis for data exchange and data aggregation between local and state government, and as such are critical to the GEA and GESA. Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) mapping services promote interoperability and data sharing. 2.1.6 Geospatial Metadata FGDC-compliant metadata is necessary for all geospatial datasets in order to facilitate data discovery and appropriate uses of geospatial datasets. Creation and maintenance of metadata and metadata training are important initiatives. 2.1.7 Federal Geospatial Data Support There are many federal agencies and initiatives that require state and local data support. Each of these initiatives requires state and local geospatial datasets. A brief listing of these are: • Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) • National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) • The National Map (TNM) • Geospatial One Stop (GOS) • National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) Minimum Essential Data Sets (MEDS) 2.2 Geospatial Interoperability Commercial data products and vendors that do not provide for reasonable enterprise data licenses and proprietary data and technology products that create islands of capabilities that are not available across the enterprise are to be avoided. Geospatial interoperability requires that capabilities are available across all levels of government in the Commonwealth in order to afford a coordinated, multi-level government response. 2.2.1. Multi-level Data Sharing Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards for data interoperability across software platforms enable data sharing across multiple levels of government regardless of native data formats used by the geospatial community. The PGDSS also provides for data sharing vertically across levels of government and horizontally across local political boundaries. 2.2.2. Avoidance of Proprietary Geospatial Applications and Data Some software and data products are proprietary, and do not interoperate with existing enterprise geospatial products and data. These products should not be purchased with SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 7
  8. 8. DHS or other federal or state grant funding unless an enterprise license is procured. These products should require a waiver and a business justification in order to use federal or state grant funding. Use of these products that are not available across the entire enterprise create islands of capabilities that detract from the ability to coordinate across multiple levels of government as is necessary for preparedness, including planning, prevention, protection, response, and recovery. 2.2.3. Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Mapping Services OGC defines standards for platform independent data services, including Web Mapping Services (WMS), Web Feature Services (WFS), and other interoperable geospatial services. Pennsylvania is one of only a few states that is an OGC member and has adopted OGC-compliant web services in order to share geospatial data from the enterprise geospatial database across the Commonwealth to our government and first response business partners. 2.3 Geospatial Enterprise Architecture (GEA) GEA is made up of many components. These include geospatial policies, the identification of technical software standards, development of server architectures, development of an enterprise geospatial database, and the development of essential shared services and web services. 2.3.1. Geospatial Policies and Standards BGT is developing policies and standards for: • Standards for Geospatial Interoperability, including guidelines for purchase of proprietary geospatial data and application systems • Grant language for state agency grant programs to local governments and other grantees requiring sharing of geospatial data purchased or created through these grant programs • GIS Technology Software Standards for State Agencies • Utilization of BGT’s Geospatial Enterprise Server Architecture 2.3.2. Geospatial Shared Services/Web Services Web services promote reusability and standardization of business processes. BGT is creation numerous geospatial XML web services to provide enterprise capabilities that can be shared across the geospatial enterprise community, served out through secure Internet and intranet servers. In addition, BGT has established a shared services environment, including enterprise services and an application hosting environment. 2.3.3. Geospatial Enterprise Server Architecture (GESA) The GESA was designed as a fault tolerant, high availability, 24x7 geospatial server architecture and is managed by the Commonwealth Technology Center/Enterprise Server Farm (CTC/ESF) Managed Services. It is comprised of a development lab located at Forum Place, and staging and production environments, and serves as SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 8
  9. 9. Commonwealth’s GT data repository where all data that needs to be shared will be stored. The GEA is also an Internet and Intranet application hosting environment for state agency and BGT GT applications and essential services, and also includes a centralized licensing manager for serving ArcGIS Desktop and Extension software to the state agencies. See Geospatial Appendix C for additional details. Geospatial Enterprise Database The GESA contains the enterprise geospatial database, a multi-terabyte ESRI ArcSDE/Oracle database with database instances for vector data, raster data (imagery and elevation), and real-time data (weather). Geospatial Application Hosting The GESA provides a high-availability, fault tolerant, 24x7 application intranet and Internet hosting environment to serve BGT and other agency geospatial web services and mapping applications. Mission critical applications for public safety, emergency response, and homeland security are hosted in this environment. OGC-compliant mapping services are hosted in this environment for interoperable data sharing. The geospatial portals are hosted in the Internet environment and also provide for data sharing capabilities. 2.3 Geospatial Enterprise Strengthening Geospatial enterprise strengthening involves improving the Commonwealth’s ability to support the enterprise geospatial mission, especially for public safety and homeland security. 2.4.1. Geospatial Training BGT has developed an enterprise training program for state agencies, concentrating on core capabilities of the use of ESRI GIS desktop tools for data creation, analysis and mapping. Additional needs for more advanced training and geospatial application development and web services are needed, but cannot be supported with current BGT resources. Targeted geospatial training is required by counties, UASI regions, and RCTTFs as well. Training is needed for non-technical managers as well as in-depth technical training for advanced geospatial capabilities and the business applications of public safety and homeland security. 2.4.2. Geospatial Equipment State agencies, counties, UASI regions, and RCTTFs need equipment including GIS software, relational databases, servers, desktop and laptop computers, Global Positioning Systems (GPS), wireless field reporting devices, plotters and printers in order to build effective geospatial capabilities and systems. SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 9
  10. 10. 2.4.3. State GT Council BGT’s current enterprise geospatial technologies governance model works well within the state agencies, but is not inclusive of local governments, public safety groups, academia, utilities, and private industry. To better understand the global needs of Commonwealth geospatial stakeholders, BGT is working with other stakeholders to define a Pennsylvania State GT Council concept of operations. 2.4.4. Commonwealth GT Strategic Plan BGT has developed a strategic plan to support its 3-year vision and mission. It includes needs of the Commonwealth state agencies and the enterprise, and includes many capabilities that will benefit other government and first responder business partners. A Commonwealth GT Strategic/Business Plan that incorporates the needs of all geospatial stakeholders will be developed over the next year, and will reflect the needs defined by the State GT Council. 2.4.5. State Coordinated Local and Regional Geospatial Projects BGT has several multi-level government geospatial projects planned utilizing SHSGP 2005 funding. One involves a federated GIS data architecture project and the second involves a data sharing initiative with six counties in rural Pennsylvania to aggregate the roadway information and test the PGDSS roadway standards, working in conjunction with PENNDOT. Other opportunities for multiple level projects for data sharing, interoperability, and other preparedness, public safety, and homeland security needs will be sought by BGT as an enterprise strengthening exercise. 2.4.6. Enterprise CBRNE and Preparedness Geospatial Application Projects BGT has several enterprise projects for WMD/CBRNE capabilities building, including an enterprise severe weather alerting and plume modeling project, and several data consolidation projects utilizing the IRRIS/GEARS geospatial portal technologies. 2.4.7. State Data Fusion/Intelligence Center The state data fusion center will build a new intelligence capability for Pennsylvania, integrating data from agencies, DHS, other federal agencies, local governments, RCTTFs, law enforcement, etc. Intelligence looks at patterns defined in terms of location and time in order to determine threats and to prevent events from taking place. To be effective, enterprise geospatial technologies must be at the heart of the data fusion/intelligence system. SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 10
  11. 11. 2.4.8. Geospatial Portal Applications The Geospatial Emergency Alert and Response System (GEARS) functionality is an existing geospatial portal tool constructed by a Pennsylvania company and utilized by military organizations in the U.S. The military version of the product is called IRRIS, and approximately $15M has been invested by the federal government in this technology. An initial GEARS portal and the complete GEARS operational architecture is being developed using DHS ITEP grant funding from 2004, utilizing Pennsylvania-specific geospatial data sets and customized to our specific application needs. This initial portal, called the Geospatial Analysis of Threats and Incident Reports (GATIR), will augment the Commonwealth’s PA Emergency Incident Response System (PEIRS), the Commonwealth’s enterprise incident management system. BGT will also receive additional DHS funding from the 2005 State Homeland Security Grant Program to implement a Department of Health Geospatial GEARS Portal, and will implement a third GEARS geospatial portal for the Department of Transportation, utilizing federal earmarks from the Federal Highway Administration. The capabilities being developed for these portals will provide a single application framework to visualize all threats and emergency incidents across the Commonwealth, and will therefore play a critical role in the development of the Commonwealth’s Homeland Security Data Fusion/Intelligence Center. Funding for additional geospatial portals in support of the data fusion center intelligence function and other preparedness needs will be developed in the future, using state and other sources of funding as available. 2.4.9. NIMS/NRP Geospatial Support The National Incident Management System (NIMS) calls for incident maps to be created by the planning section and situation units, utilizing GIS. The National Response Plan (NRP) calls for geospatial capabilities for flood recovery mapping, situation assessment, food supply safety and security, NCH resources protection, animal and plant disease and pest response, public safety and security assessment, facilities recovery decision making across ESFs, energy system damage assessments, use in intelligence, modeling, decision support systems and forecasting, and calls for GIS support specifically for incident management. 2.4.10. State Geospatial Volunteers Registry BGT and PEMA will seek funding from the Citizens Corp to develop a State Geospatial Volunteers Registry to track trained individuals with specific capabilities that can be called upon in case of an event that requires response and recovery activities. SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 11
  12. 12. 2.4.11. Mobile Geospatial Response Vehicle Pennsylvania should have a mobile geospatial response vehicle and trained personnel who can be deployed quickly to a remote site in order to support ICS response and recovery activities. This would include a mobile vehicle or towable trailer, a wireless network, wireless data collection devices and GPS, a data server, end user computers, plotters, and printers. 2.4.12. Other Enterprise Geospatial Applications Development of other geospatial applications are needed and desired. There are many capabilities that need programmatic support for public safety and homeland security, including: • First Responder Building Mapping System – includes building footprints, floor and engineering plans, pictures, contacts, etc. 2.4.13. JNET/GIS Integration JNET is the Commonwealth’s secure law enforcement information network. Shared applications and a secure publication/subscription network have been developed for use across the LE community. None of the current capabilities include mapping or geospatial analysis. BGT and JNET may seek funding for a JNET/GIS integration. 2.4.14. Definition of Minimal Local and Regional Geospatial Capabilities The following capabilities are recommended as minimal geospatial preparedness requirements for all county governments, UASI areas, and RCTTFs in the Commonwealth. As such, the majority of these activities should be eligible for DHS ODP grant funding: • GIS Strategic Plan (all) • GIS Subcommittee/Governance (UASI and RCTTF) • Geospatial Data Stewardship/Data Sharing Agreements (all) • Geospatial Metadata Creation and Management (all) • Creation and maintenance of geospatial framework data layers, critical infrastructure and key asset data layers (all) • Geospatial Relational Database (all) • OGC-compliant Internet Mapping Services for data sharing (all) • Development of geospatial applications for resource tracking, specific WMD/CBRNE capabilities, support of NIMS mapping requirements, etc. • Geospatial One-Stop (GOS) Data Service Registration (all) • Full-time GIS staff dedicated to emergency response training and exercises (all) • Annual Geospatial Training Plan, including GIS 101 for managers and in- depth GIS and emergency response technical training for GIS staff (all) • Annual Exercise Plan for Geospatial Capabilities (all) SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 12
  13. 13. Section III Summary This geospatial addendum to the SHSAS serves several purposes. First it identifies current geospatial capabilities and initiatives that have been developed to date, and that can be further developed to support other public safety and homeland security business functions. Second, it identifies new areas for continued development and capabilities building, that will require additional investments at multiple levels within the Commonwealth, including counties, UASI regions, RCTTFs, and state agencies. Defining them within the SHSAS provides a basis for potential funding of initiatives to solve all-hazards business problems at multiple levels. It defines some minimum geospatial capabilities desirable for counties, UASI regions and RCTTFs to develop in order to build a strong preparedness at all levels of government in the Commonwealth, and to support an enterprise Common Operating View. Investments must be made to build additional geospatial capabilities in the following categories: • Geospatial Data • Geospatial Interoperability • Geospatial Enterprise Architecture • Geospatial Enterprise Strengthening Investments may be made to develop, create, maintain, purchase, or license geospatial products within each category. Investments may include product purchases, contracted services, development of training and exercise staffing, and cost of equipment for IT, GIS and GPS. SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 13
  14. 14. Geospatial Appendix A: GT Governance Structure SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 14
  15. 15. Geospatial Appendix B: BGT Current Projects Related to Homeland Security, Public Safety and First Responders This white paper provides information on projects related to homeland security and public safety that the Bureau of Geospatial Technologies (BGT) is currently involved in with active or planned initiatives. This information is current as of 28 September 2005 and as complete as possible. For additional information, please contact Jim Knudson, Director, BGT, at or 717-705-9844. PAMAP Imagery and Elevation Program BGT and DCNR have proposed major investments in a Commonwealth-wide program to maintain accurate and current aerial orthoimagery and elevation data for Pennsylvania. While significant in cost, the return on investment (RoI) of accurate and current imagery and elevation data can be realized in a single major event such as Tropical Depression (TD) Ivan in September 2004 and the yearlong recovery efforts that have followed. Through the PAMAP program, 28 counties were flown in 2005 utilizing state agency funding, and 21 counties remain in 2006 to complete the first statewide, high- resolution imagery product. The PAMAP imagery program will require sustainable funding for a 3- year maintenance program thereafter. Elevation data was the highest-ranked long term recommendation to the Governor from the State Recovery Task Force following TD Ivan. Completion of this program will allow us to identify floodplains, identify people who do not have national flood insurance that need it, and provide public safety organizations with the ability to predict flooding intensity and impact, which they cannot do today due to the poor quality and aged elevation data available in the Commonwealth. We are seeking funding to complete a statewide, high resolution elevation program for the Commonwealth over the next 2-3 years. Imagery and elevation data drive the county data creation process. By providing statewide, standardized imagery and elevation products, we will help counties move toward a standard map accuracy standard for all of their geospatial data layers, which should be shared with the Commonwealth. PA Geospatial Data Sharing Standards (PGDSS) In an effort to promote horizontal and vertical sharing of geospatial data, BGT and DCNR Bureau of Topographic and Geologic Survey (BTGS) worked with the PA Mapping and Geographic Information Consortium (PaMAGIC) to facilitate the development of PGDSS version 2. PGDSS version 2 has 10 “framework” layers defined: o Parcels o Buildings o Roads o Water Bodies o Other Transportation (railroads, airports, ports, utilities, etc.) o Place Names o Digital Orthophotography SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 15
  16. 16. o Digital Elevation Data o Geodetic Monumentation o Political Boundaries Locations of these facilities and a minimal set of attributes are defined for each framework data layer. In addition, Land Cover is expected to be created as an 11th framework data layer by DCNR. The definitions of these data standards/data models will allow information to be shared vertically (municipalities to counties, counties to state, and vice versa), and horizontally (municipality to municipality, county to county, etc.) with a single, standardized format to facilitate data sharing. This is critically important to the state in that we will now be able to aggregate data from all 67 counties in a single format to create and maintain statewide geospatial data layers. PAMAP agreements request that counties provide their data in PGDSS format to the Commonwealth quarterly. Real-Time Weather and Plume Modeling Project In the 2004 State Homeland Security Grant Program (SHSGP), BGT received a grant to develop an enterprise real-time weather and plume modeling system for public safety and homeland security. Most of this funding has been used for implementation of an enterprise geospatial data repository as well as an application hosting environment for this project. An RFP for weather data and plume modeling application services will be released shortly to finalize the grant project expenditures for the implementation of this initial system. The capabilities will be made available to all state agencies as well as Regional Counter-Terrorism Task Forces (RCTTFs) and County Emergency Managers at a minimum. BGT’s desire is to share this information with all first responders, but we may not have enough funding for an enterprise data license to include this population of users. Enterprise Geospatial Technologies Data Architecture (EGTDA) Project BGT applied for and received a competitive Information Technology Evaluation Program (ITEP) grant from DHS for $603K (project includes an additional $200K+ state matching funds from BGT for this 75%-25% federal grant program) to develop a secure and interoperable geospatial data access repository and portal to support the homeland security and public safety missions of state agencies and the Commonwealth’s first response communities. BGT selected a contractor to assist with project implementation to design and load the enterprise geospatial database where all state agency data that needs to be shared will be hosted and will include all enterprise data assets such as PAMAP imagery and elevation data. Phase 1 of the project is to share geospatial data in an interoperable format with all state agencies, local governments, and first responders via the Internet. Phase 2 will develop a secure geospatial portal for information sharing, mapping and analysis. Phase 3 will develop lightweight, reusable web services components to standardize and facilitate faster development of future GIS and information sharing application initiatives. BGT is working with the selected contractor to create Commonwealth Homeland Security/Public Safety geospatial portal applications for state agencies and data sharing with local governments and first responders. We are currently using the ITEP grant funding to implement the first of these geospatial application portals for PEMA to be used in conjunction with the PEMA PA Emergency SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 16
  17. 17. Incident Reporting System (PEIRS). This system will provide robust geospatial visualization and analysis capabilities of all of the reportable incidents occurring across the Commonwealth. The Geospatial Emergency Alert and Response System (GEARS) functionality is an existing geospatial portal tool constructed by a Pennsylvania company and utilized by military organizations in the U.S. The military version of the product is called IRRIS, and approximately $15M has been invested by the federal government in this technology. An initial GEARS portal and the complete GEARS operational architecture is being developed as part of this project, utilizing Pennsylvania- specific geospatial data sets and customized to our specific application needs. BGT will also receive additional DHS funding from the 2005 State Homeland Security Grant Program to implement a Department of Health Geospatial GEARS Portal, and will implement a third GEARS geospatial portal for the Department of Transportation, utilizing federal earmarks from the Federal Highway Administration. The capabilities being developed for these portals will provide a single application framework to visualize all threats and emergency incidents across the Commonwealth, and will therefore play a critical role in the development of the Commonwealth’s Homeland Security Data Fusion/Intelligence Center. 2005 State Homeland Security Grant Program (SHSGP) Projects BGT submitted 7 smaller joint project grants for Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Office of Domestic Preparedness (ODP) funding from the 2005 SHSGP state funding share, all of which were selected for funding. The PAMAP imagery program will directly receive funding via a grant written by BGT, and a local government data sharing application for 11 counties in rural north central Pennsylvania will also be directly funded. One project will involve an enterprise geospatial data license procurement, and the other 4 projects will be application or data development services contracts managed by BGT. The 5 projects BGT will directly manage through the SHSGP grant funding are described below: Places2Protect Enterprise License BGT will purchase an enterprise commercial license for the Commonwealth for the Places2Protect geospatial data set, which includes data for: o Critical Facilities (emergency medical and responder locations and information on their capabilities) – hospitals, ambulance services, urgent and other medical care facilities, police stations, fire departments, city halls, city, county, and state health departments, and red cross chapters o Captive Populations (locations of institutionalized populations and other sites that may require extensive evacuation resources) – schools, school districts, child care facilities, colleges and universities, nursing/retirement homes, senior centers, handicapped children/residential treatment centers, runaway and homeless centers, jails/correctional institutions and sheriff departments, domestic violence programs and shelters, and summer camps The enterprise license will provide use of this data for all Commonwealth governments and first responders, and will include Pennsylvania and surrounding states coverage. PA will receive quarterly Places2Protect data updates from MCH/Ionic, and will host this data in the SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 17
  18. 18. enterprise geospatial database as well as distribute to other government organizations and first responders. Over time, we hope to improve state agency databases with this data and maintain better data internally, but for now, this data resource will support statewide, reasonably complete data asset requirements, as well as providing information from surrounding states. PEMA Homeland Security Data Viewer Application PEMA developed a geospatial web application in 2003-2004 for Homeland Security called the Homeland Security Viewer (HLS Viewer), using ESRI ArcIMS and ArcSDE server GIS components. The application was preliminarily tested in 2004 and demonstrated to PEMA watch officers, the Office of Homeland Security, and the Bureau of Geospatial Technologies (BGT). This tool will provide access to HS Critical Infrastructure (CI) data and key assets, as well as providing an easy to use web interface for finding locations or places of interest, providing access to PEMA geospatial assets, and performing some simple visualization, analysis, and reporting functions. The HLS Viewer was never fully completed, and when we tried to use it during Tropical Depression Ivan incident response, we found it to be lacking in several needed capabilities, including security, intranet/Internet access outside of the PEMA network and building, the ability to get a latitude/longitude readout from the application, and to integrate other sources of data into the application. Deployment to the BGT GIS Server Farm and developing enhanced security authentication mechanisms will allow this application to be deployed on the Internet as well as the intranet, so that all authorized users can access the application from any location with web access and broadband connectivity. Health Geospatial Portal (GEARS) The purpose of this project is to design and implement a Department of Health Geospatial Portal that will provide an advanced technology information sharing system and enable the Pennsylvania Department of Health and state and local emergency response agencies to benefit from the collection, integration, management, and dissemination of a wide range of event and emergency management information with associated geospatial visualization and analysis capabilities. Focus will be given to geospatial application development related to Health’s defined business needs for: ♦ National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (NEDSS) Visualization ♦ Facilities Resource Emergency Database (FRED) Visualization ♦ Real-time Outbreak Disease Surveillance (RODS) Visualization ♦ Potassium Iodide (KI) Stockpile Locations, Distribution Points, and Distribution Routing ♦ Bioterrorism National Stockpile Locations/Inventory Database, Visualization and Reporting Objectives for the Health Geospatial Portal project include the following: SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 18
  19. 19. ♦ Provide an integrated, secure, real-time network of information from one common interface, resulting in a system that is a “one-stop-shop” for public health-related emergency information needed for an incident or event. ♦ Integrate existing health and hospital databases such as NEDSS (disease surveillance), FRED (hospital capabilities and status), and RODS (pharmacy drug distribution) into a single, secure geospatial portal for visualization and analysis. ♦ Be scalable to handle small local issues as well as significant regional and statewide events. ♦ Support regional, public, and private cooperation to facilitate the best possible protection and response for health emergencies. PENNDOT Local Roads Pilot Project This pilot project will involve working with PENNDOT and the North Central Planning Commission to create, collect, and aggregate county road geospatial data, provided in PA Geospatial Data Sharing Standard Format, v.2, to create an aggregated regional data product that includes PENNDOT attributes for state roads with county information from the six rural NCPC counties of: Cameron, Clearfield, Elk, Jefferson, McKean, and Potter. Two-thirds of the requested funds ($200K) will go to NCPC to collect and process road and address data for their 6 counties, convert to PGDSS v.2 format, and provide quarterly updates to the PAMAP Program Office for one year for delivery to PENNDOT for aggregation and integration. This pilot project will enable PENNDOT’s Bureau of Planning and Research/Geographic Information Division to work with local road data from 6 counties to design, build, and assess an integrated road network. The pilot project will result in many lessons learned that will enable a statewide project to be successful and the creation of an integrated state highway/local road database design and network to support enterprise system needs. It is expected that some changes will need to be made in county road database designs and the PGDSS to establish unique identifiers for all local roads in the Commonwealth. However, until a pilot project is completed, these required changes will not be known. Likewise, the cost for PENNDOT to work with all counties to create a complete integrated state/local road network for the Commonwealth cannot be accurately estimated until a pilot project is completed. Statewide Utilities Critical Infrastructure Development Project Today, the Commonwealth is depending on commercial datasets for Critical Infrastructure utility information from companies like Pennwell, because Pennsylvania has not authorized and funded the Public Utility Commission (PUC) to collect geospatial data from utility companies that operate within and transmit across the state. This dataset is only licensed to PEMA, and is not allowed to be posted on the intranet/Internet or shared with any other organizations, such as other first response agencies and Pennsylvania’s 9 RCTTFs. The electric grid and petroleum/natural gas transmission lines that cross the Commonwealth present significant targets to potential threat elements (PTEs) and terrorists. Without creating SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 19
  20. 20. more accurate and current major utilities network data with a plan to maintain it, Pennsylvania will remain at significant risk, and not have accurate and current data to help plan, monitor, respond and recover in case of an accident or incident. The transportation network for petroleum and natural gas transmission provides many targets. This project will create base geospatial data for major electric transmission lines, power generating facilities, and major substations for the electrical utilities. It will also generate base geospatial data for petroleum and natural gas transmission pipelines as well as compressor stations and underground storage facilities. We will work with federal utilities organizations (Office of Pipeline Safety, etc.), PA PUC and Pennsylvania One Call System, Inc. to determine geospatial data that is currently available prior to contracting for creation of new data. All generated statewide geospatial data for electric and petroleum/natural gas will be added to PEMA and RCTTF geospatial databases, and will be stored as part of the BGT enterprise geospatial database in a secure Oracle schema to control access. L&I PennSAFE Application BGT is starting to work with Labor and Industry and their contractor, IDSi, to support hazardous materials storage and reporting by businesses in the Commonwealth and will host the entire PennSAFE application in our shared services geospatial architecture environment and support the mapping component of the IDSi application, which will be shared in a secure Internet application with PEMA and first responders. Ag PAHerds Application BGT is starting to work with Agriculture and their contractor, CAI, to support animal disease mapping in Pennsylvania, in conjunction with the existing PAHerds disease tracking application. The developed mapping component for the PAHerds application will be hosted in BGT’s shared services geospatial architecture environment. Agency Data Collection/Consolidation Activities o Corrections – putting together information on state correctional facilities, BGT is working with PEMA and Corrections o PSP – working with PSP on IIMS data management activities and consolidation of Critical Infrastructure geospatial data across agencies, including CI ratings being developed by PSP’s Office of Domestic Security (ODS) o Health – working on improving hospital locations, and other licensed facilities o PENNDOT – PENNDOT is working on a road closure and detour routing application. BGT will meet with PENNDOT GIS in the coming weeks to discuss the development of a web service that will allow PEMA and other emergency response agencies to tap into the database of road closure events. BGT and PENNDOT are working together with TrafficLand to implement the ability to harvest all of PENNDOT’s traffic cameras into a central traffic management center in Harrisburg and to serve out these images using the GEARS architecture. Other BGT Projects SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 20
  21. 21. BGT is implementing other projects for use by normal government business functions, which will also play a role in supporting homeland security and public safety initiatives: Enterprise/Essential Geospatial Web Services BGT is developing lightweight, reusable eXtensible Markup Language (XML) web service application components that can be used for all government operations for application development purposes: o Address Geocoding o USPS Address Verification o Address Verification and Geocoding (combined) o Mapping o Vehicle Routing o Atmospheric Plume Modeling o Gazetteer o Spatial Search Geospatial Standards and Policies o BGT is developing policies and standards for:  Standards for Geospatial Interoperability  Guidelines for purchase of proprietary geospatial data and application systems  Grant language for state agency grant programs to local governments and other grantees requiring sharing of geospatial data purchased or created through these grant programs  GIS Software Standards for State Agencies  Utilization of BGT’s Geospatial Enterprise Server Architecture SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 21
  22. 22. Geospatial Appendix C: Geospatial Enterprise Server Architecture SHSAS – GT Addendum Draft Page 22